Gallatin, Missouri

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Gallatin, Missouri
City
Daviess County Courthouse
Daviess County Courthouse
Location of Gallatin, Missouri
Location of Gallatin, Missouri
Coordinates: 39°54′43″N 93°57′43″W / 39.91194°N 93.96194°W / 39.91194; -93.96194Coordinates: 39°54′43″N 93°57′43″W / 39.91194°N 93.96194°W / 39.91194; -93.96194
Country United States
State Missouri
County Daviess
Area[1]
 • Total 2.77 sq mi (7.17 km2)
 • Land 2.75 sq mi (7.12 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 922 ft (281 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,786
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,744
 • Density 649.5/sq mi (250.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 64640
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-26308[4]
GNIS feature ID 0766157[5]

Gallatin is a city in Daviess County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,786 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Daviess County.[6]

History[edit]

Gallatin was founded in 1837 and named for Albert Gallatin,[7][8] America's longest-serving Secretary of the Treasury (1801–1814). Gallatin was incorporated in 1857.[9]

The Gallatin Election Day Battle took place in 6 August 1838, when about 200 people attempted to forcibly prevent Mormons from voting in the newly created county's first election. The skirmish is often cited as the opening event of the 1838 Mormon War. Gallatin is important in the Mormon religion; nearby is a place known to Mormons as Adam-ondi-Ahman, believed to be the site where Adam and Eve lived after being expelled from the Garden of Eden.[10]

In 1892, Grand River College moved from Edinburg, Missouri to Gallatin, where it operated for a period under the auspices of William Jewell College before permanently closing in 1910 following a fire.

The Daviess County Rotary Jail (Squirrel Cage Jail) and Sheriff's Residence, the A.T. Ray Home and the Daviess County Courthouse are on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[edit]

Gallatin is located at 39°54′43″N 93°57′43″W / 39.91194°N 93.96194°W / 39.91194; -93.96194 (39.912073, -93.961930).[11] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.77 square miles (7.17 km2), of which, 2.75 square miles (7.12 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,141
1890 1,489 30.5%
1900 1,780 19.5%
1910 1,825 2.5%
1920 1,747 −4.3%
1930 1,504 −13.9%
1940 1,642 9.2%
1950 1,634 −0.5%
1960 1,658 1.5%
1970 1,833 10.6%
1980 2,063 12.5%
1990 1,864 −9.6%
2000 1,789 −4.0%
2010 1,786 −0.2%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,786 people, 712 households, and 471 families residing in the city. The population density was 649.5 inhabitants per square mile (250.8 /km2). There were 880 housing units at an average density of 320.0 per square mile (123.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.0% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 712 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,789 people, 771 households, and 477 families residing in the city. The population density was 640.1 people per square mile (246.7/km²). There were 905 housing units at an average density of 323.8 per square mile (124.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.27% White, 0.06% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.06% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population.

There were 771 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,321, and the median income for a family was $41,857. Males had a median income of $27,460 versus $27,448 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,537. About 13.2% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.2% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.

Aerial view of Gallatin, Missouri

Education[edit]

PreK-12 public education is provided by the Gallatin R-V School District. PreK-6 is located at Covel D. Searcy Elementary School, and 7-12 at Gallatin High School.

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Gallatin, 85.2% possess a high school diploma or higher, while 12.8% hold a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

Rotary jail in Gallatin

Media[edit]

Gallatin is served by a weekly newspaper, the Gallatin North Missourian, which has circulated since 1865.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 284. 
  8. ^ "Disappearing Missouri Names". The Kansas City Star. March 19, 1911. p. 15. Retrieved August 15, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  9. ^ Earngey, Bill (1995). Missouri Roadsides: The Traveler's Companion. University of Missouri Press. p. 98. 
  10. ^ Adam-ondi-Ahman
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]