Gallatin County, Kentucky

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Gallatin County, Kentucky
Gallatin county courthouse.jpg
Gallatin County Courthouse in Warsaw,
Map of Kentucky highlighting Gallatin County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1798
Named for Albert Gallatin
Seat Warsaw
Largest city Warsaw
Area
 • Total 105 sq mi (272 km2)
 • Land 101 sq mi (262 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9 km2), 3.3%
Population
 • (2010) 8,589
 • Density 85/sq mi (33/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website gallatincounty.ky.gov

Gallatin County, is a county in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,589.[1] Its county seat is Warsaw.[2] The county was founded in 1798 and named for Albert Gallatin, the Secretary of the Treasury under President Thomas Jefferson.[3][4]

Gallatin County is included in the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located along the Ohio River across from Ohio.

History[edit]

The county was formed on December 14, 1798. Gallatin was the 31st Kentucky county to be established. It was derived from parts of Franklin and Shelby counties.[5] Later, parts of the county were pared off to create three additional counties: Owen in 1819, Trimble in 1836 and Carroll in 1838. Today Gallatin is one tenth of its original size. Its northern border is the Ohio River.

The population of Gallatin County in 1800 was 1,291, according to the Second Census of Kentucky: 960 whites, 329 slaves, and 2 free coloreds.[6]

During the Civil War, skirmishes occurred in the county and Union forces arrested some men for treason. After the end of the war, the Ohio River near Warsaw was the scene of one of the worst steamboat accidents in history. Two passenger steamers, the America and the United States, collided. As the United States carried a cargo of barrels of kerosene which caught fire, soon both boats were in flames. The death toll was 162.

The 1866 Gallatin County Race Riot happened just after the Civil War, when roves of lawless KKK bands went terrorizing the Bluegrass State. “A band of five hundred whites in Gallatin County... forced hundreds of blacks to flee across the Ohio River."[7]

The Lynchings of the Frenches of Warsaw of Warsaw happened on May 3, 1876. Benjamin and Mollie French, while in jail awaiting trial for the murder of Lake Jones, were taken out, and hung by the local KKK.[8]

As the 20th century progressed, commercial river trade began to decline, and the steamboat era ended, as most people preferred faster modes of transportation. The railroads increased in capacity, automobiles and trucks became reliable, and aircraft became prevalent. Construction on the Markland Locks and Dam began in 1956 and was completed in 1964. In 1967 a hydroelectric power plant was built at the dam, which provided jobs. Gallatin County is traversed by I-71, U.S. 42, and U.S. 127. By the 1980s, more than 50 percent of the population was employed outside the county.[9]

Marco Chapman was executed for his bloody rampage he committed on August 23, 2002 in Warsaw, Kentucky on Weldon Way, after a two day crack binge,[10] where he murdered two children, Chelbi Sharon, 7, and Cody Sharon, 6, by slitting their throats,[11] after he had raped and stabbed their mother, Carolyn Marksberry, the city clerk of Warsaw at the time, over 15 times.[12] 10-year-old Courtney Sharon played dead after she had also been stabbed by Chapman several times, and escaped.[13] 37 year old Marco Allen Chapman was executed on November 21, 2008 at 8:34 p.m. EST on a Friday by lethal injection in a special chamber at the Kentucky State Penitentiary in Eddyville, Kentucky. Marco Allen Chapman was the last person executed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky.[14]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 105 square miles (270 km2), of which 101 square miles (260 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (3.3%) is water.[15] It is the smallest county by area in Kentucky.[16]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,291
1810 3,307 156.2%
1820 7,075 113.9%
1830 6,674 −5.7%
1840 4,003 −40.0%
1850 5,137 28.3%
1860 5,056 −1.6%
1870 5,074 0.4%
1880 4,832 −4.8%
1890 4,611 −4.6%
1900 5,163 12.0%
1910 4,697 −9.0%
1920 4,664 −0.7%
1930 4,437 −4.9%
1940 4,307 −2.9%
1950 3,969 −7.8%
1960 3,867 −2.6%
1970 4,134 6.9%
1980 4,842 17.1%
1990 5,393 11.4%
2000 7,870 45.9%
2010 8,589 9.1%
Est. 2013 8,474 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1790-1960[18] 1900-1990[19]
1990-2000[20] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,589 people residing in the county. 94.7% were White, 1.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 1.6% of some other race and 2.0% of two or more races. 4.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 22.6% were of German, 21.4% American, 13.8% Irish and 6.5% English ancestry.[21]

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 7,870 people, 2,902 households, and 2,135 families residing in the county. The population density was 80 per square mile (31/km2). There were 3,362 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.72% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,902 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,422, and the median income for a family was $41,136. Males had a median income of $32,081 versus $21,803 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,416. About 11.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 16.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Albert Gallatin is honored with a statue in front of the U.S. Treasury Building in Washington, D.C.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  4. ^ http://www.kyenc.org/entry/g/GALLA01.html
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26. 
  6. ^ http://nkaa.uky.edu/record.php?note_id=2347
  7. ^ Harrison, Lowell H. and James C. Klotter 1997. A New History of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky. pg. 237.
  8. ^ Wright, George C. 1990. Racial Violence in Kentucky, 1865-1940: Lynchings, Mob Rule, and “Legal Lynchings”. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge and London. Pgs. 98-99.
  9. ^ "Gallatin County", Rootsweb
  10. ^ http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/2008-05-09-2368989543_x.htm
  11. ^ Estep, Bill. “Killer is Executed” (Marco Allen Chapman in Kentucky). Lexington Herald-Leader. Saturday, Nov. 22, 2008 http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/2136637/posts
  12. ^ Brief for Appellee at 1–2, Chapman v. Commonwealth, No. 2005-SC-70-MR, 2007 WL 2404429 (Ky. Aug. 23, 2007) http://caselaw.findlaw.com/ky-supreme-court/1204990.html http://www.slu.edu/Documents/law/Law%20Journal/Archives/Skaff_Article.pdf
  13. ^ Mark Pitsch. Two Gallatin Children Killed in Knife Attack; Mom, Sister Hurt; Suspect Arrested in West Virginia. August 24, 2002. Courier-Journal. Louisville, Ky.
  14. ^ http://www.wcpo.com/news/local/story.aspx?content_id=f11aa655-ca18-443e-971b-6f575e87a87f
  15. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  16. ^ http://www.uky.edu/KentuckyAtlas/kentucky-counties.html
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder"
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°46′N 84°52′W / 38.76°N 84.86°W / 38.76; -84.86