Gallery Place (WMATA station)

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Gallery Place
Chinatown
Washington Metro rapid transit station
GalleryPlChinatown.png
The upper and lower platforms of the Gallery Place Metro Station complex. Green/Yellow line trains share the lower level island platform, while Red Line trains serve the side platformed upper level.
Station statistics
Address 630 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Line(s) Red Line Red Line
Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Connections Bus transport Metrobus: 42, 70, 74, 79, 80, P6, X2, X9
Structure type Underground
Levels 2
Platforms 2 side platforms (upper level)
1 island platform (lower level)
Tracks 4 (2 per level)
Other information
Opened December 15, 1976; 37 years ago (1976-12-15)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code B01 (upper level)
F01 (lower level)
Owned by WMATA
Formerly Gallery Place (1976-1986)
Gallery Place–Chinatown (1986-2011)
Traffic
Passengers (2011) 10.759 million[1] Increase 1%
Services
Preceding station   WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro   Following station
toward Shady Grove
Red Line
toward Glenmont
Green Line
toward Greenbelt
toward Huntington
Yellow Line
toward Fort Totten

Gallery Place is a Washington Metro station in Washington, D.C., on the Green, Red and Yellow Lines. It is a transfer station between the Red Line on the upper level and the Green/Yellow Lines on the lower level.

Location[edit]

Gallery Place is located in Northwest Washington, with entrances at 7th and F, 7th and H, and 9th and G Streets. The station's only street elevator is north of F Street on the west side of 7th Street.

The station, which is beneath the Verizon Center, serves that arena and the surrounding Chinatown and Penn Quarter neighborhoods in downtown Washington. The station is located very close to Metro Center, such that the lights of one are visible down the tunnel from the other.

Notable places nearby[edit]

History[edit]

Service began on December 15, 1976, as part of the original Red Line that ran from Farragut North to Rhode Island Avenue–Brentwood. The opening of the station was delayed by a court order over lack of handicapped access (it was originally supposed to open with the rest of the first stations on March 27, 1976). WMATA provided assurance that such access would be available by June 1, 1977.

Yellow Line service began on April 30, 1983, adding service to the Pentagon and National Airport. An abstract wall sculpture, The Yellow Line by Constance Fleures, was installed in 1989 on the lower level platform,[2] Green Line service began in 1991, adding service (at the time) to U Street and Anacostia.

Originally named "Gallery Place" after the nearby National Portrait Gallery and Smithsonian American Art Museum, "Chinatown" was added to the station name in 1986 (although the station's signage was not replaced until 1990).[citation needed] In 2000, a sculpture entitled The Glory of the Chinese Descendants by Foon Sham, was installed over the 7th and H Street entrance at the mezzanine level. The sculpture depicts a large Chinese-style fan above a bowl of rice.[3] The station reverted to its original name, "Gallery Place," on November 3, 2011, with "Chinatown" listed as a subtitle.[4]

This station has been a testing ground for new features in Metro stations. In 1993, the station was one of the first Metro stations to receive tactile edging on its platforms. Since 2004, the station has been the site of testing for new signage. As a result, there is far more signage in this station than most others, including lighted signs, as well as signage that isn't found anywhere else in the system. In 2007, red LEDs were tested for the platform edge lights on the upper level. Orange LEDs were tested at the platform edge on the lower level, before being replaced by red LEDs in 2008.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent
UP
Upper platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound Red Line Red Line toward Shady Grove (Metro Center)
Eastbound Red Line Red Line toward Glenmont (Judiciary Square)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
LP
Lower platform level
Southbound Green Line Green Line toward Branch Avenue (Archives)
Yellow Line Yellow Line toward Huntington (Archives)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound Green Line Green Line toward Greenbelt (Mount Vernon Square)
Yellow Line Yellow Line toward Fort Totten (Mount Vernon Square)

Like other downtown transfer stations, Gallery Place has a two-level configuration. However, unlike Metro Center and L'Enfant Plaza, where the platforms cross centrally, the Green and Yellow Line platforms are located near the east end of the station, resulting in an off-balance layout. This is a result of the Green and Yellow Lines' location below 7th Street NW, while the Red Line must bend towards the southeast in order to reach Judiciary Square and Union Station.[5]

Plans to add a pedestrian tunnel connecting Gallery Place with Metro Center have long been in the works. The "Gallery Place/Chinatown - Metro Center Pedestrian Passageway Tunnel Study" was completed in July 2005.[6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chinatown neighborhood profile WDCEP Retrieved 2012-05-16
  2. ^ Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). "Gallery Place-Chinatown Station: The Yellow Line, 1989." Art by Metro Line. Accessed 2013-03-09.
  3. ^ WMATA. "Gallery Place-Chinatown Station: The Glory of the Chinese Descendants, 2000." Art by Metro Line. Accessed 2013-03-09.
  4. ^ WMATA. "Station names updated for new map" (Press release). 2011-11-03. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  5. ^ WMATA. "Emergency Evacuation Map: Gallery Pl-Chinatown Station; 7th & H Sts Exit." Accessed 2013-03-09.
  6. ^ Parsons; KPG Design Studio; Basile Baumann Prost & Associates (July 2005). "Gallery Place/Chinatown - Metro Center Pedestrian Passageway Tunnel Study". WMATA Office of Planning and Project Development. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°53′56″N 77°01′18″W / 38.89889°N 77.02167°W / 38.89889; -77.02167