Gallery of Beauties

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The Nymphenburg Palace seen from its park

The Gallery of Beauties (Schönheitengalerie) is a collection of 36 portraits of the most beautiful women from the nobility and middle classes of Munich, Germany, painted between 1827 and 1850 (mostly by Joseph Karl Stieler, appointed court painter in 1820) and gathered by Ludwig I of Bavaria in the south pavilion of his Nymphenburg Palace in Munich. Two additional ones were created by Friedrich Dürck. Its best-known works are the portraits of the shoemaker's daughter Helene Sedlmayr, the actress Charlotte von Hagn (revered by audiences in Munich, Berlin and Saint Petersburg) and the king's Irish mistresses Eliza Gilbert (Lola Montez) and Marianna Marquesa Florenzi. They include a Briton, a Souliot, a Scot and an Israelite, along with relations of Ludwig's - the wife and daughter of Ludwig of Oettingen-Wallerstein were both painted, as was Ludwig I's daughter Princess Alexandra of Bavaria.

The collection was a late example of a fashion for such series, which includes an earlier one in Munich of beauties of the French court brought back from Versailles by a Bavarian prince who spent a period there. In England there are the Windsor Beauties, eleven paintings of the 1660s by Sir Peter Lely and the Hampton Court Beauties, a later set by Sir Godfrey Kneller.

List[edit]

A list of the portraits follows:

Name Life Husband(s) Dimensions Year Image
Auguste Strobl (1807–1871) Anton Hilber, forester (∞ 1831) 72,5 x 59,2 cm 1827
Stieler strobl 1827.jpg
Maximiliane Borzaga (1806–1837) Joseph Krämer, doctor in Kreuth (∞ 1830) 72 x 58 cm 1827
Maximiliane Borzaga.jpg
Isabella von Trauffkirchen-Engelberg (1808–1855) Count Hektor von Kwilecky auf Kwilcz (∞ 1830) 72 x 59,8 cm 1828
Isabella von Taufkirchen.jpg
Amalie von Lerchenfeld (1808–1888) Freiherr Alexander von Krüdener (∞ 1836-1852)
Count Nikolai Wladimirowitsch Adlerberg (∞ 1855)
72,2 x 59 cm 1828
Stieler Kruedener.jpg
Antonietta Cornelia Vetterlein [1] (1811–1862) Reichsfreiherr Franz Ludwig Friedrich von Künsberg auf Hain-Schmeilsdorf (∞ 1843) 72,5 x 59,2 cm 1828
Cornelia Vetterlein.jpg
Charlotte von Hagn (1809–1891) Alexander von Oven, Gutsbesitzer (∞ 1848) 73,2 x 59,5 cm 1828
Joseph Karl Stieler - Charlotte von Hagn, 1828.jpg
Nanette Kaula (1812–1877) Salomon Heine, banker (∞ 1838) 72,2 x 59 cm 1829
Joseph Karl Stieler- Nanette Kaula.jpg
Anna Hillmayer (1812–1847) 71,7 x 58,4 cm 1829
Anna Hillmayer 1829, by Joseph Stieler.JPG
Regina Daxenberger (1811–1872) Heinrich Fahrenbacher (∞ 1832) 70 x 58,9 cm 1829
Joseph Stieler - Regina Daxenberger, 1829.JPG
Jane Elizabeth Digby (1807–1881) Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough (∞ 1824-1830)

Freiherr Karl von Veningen-Ulner (∞ 1834)
Count Spyridon Theotoky (∞ 1841)
Scheich Medjuel el Mezrab (∞ 1854)

72 x 58 cm 1831
Stieler-Jane Digby.jpg
Marianna Marquesa Florenzi (1802–1870) Ettore Marchese Florenzi
Charles Waddington
71,6 x 58,4 cm 1831
Stieler - Marianna Marchesa Florenzi, 1831.JPG
Amalie von Schintling (1812–1831) Fritz von Schintling (betrothed, died before the wedding) 72 x 58,5 cm 1831
Amalie von Schintling.jpg
Helene Sedlmayr (1813–1898) Kammerlakei Miller (from 1832) 71,4 x 58,2 cm 1831
Helene Sedlmayr.png
Irene von Pallavicini (1811–1877) Count Alois Nikolaus von Arco auf Steppberg (son of Maria Leopoldine von Österreich-Este), later divorced 72 x 58,2 cm 1834
Stieler Arco-Steppberg.jpg
Caroline von Holnstein (1815–1859) Count Theodor von Holnstein aus Bayern (∞ 1831)
Freiherr Wilhelm von Künsberg von Fronberg (∞ 1857)
71,5 x 58 cm 1834
Stieler holnstein.jpg
Jane Erskine (1818–1846) James Henry Callander, Esquire of Craigforth (∞ 1837) 72 x 57,9 cm 1837
Lady Jane Erskine.jpg
Theresa Spence (1815–?) 72 x 57,8 cm 1837
Lady Theresa Spence as Sappho, by Joseph Stieler 1837.JPG
Mathilde von Jordan (1817–1856) Freiherr Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust (∞ 1843) 72 x 59 cm 1837
Wilhelmine Sulzer (1819–?) Karl Schneider, registrar (∞ 1838) 72 x 59 cm 1838
Wilhelmine Sulzer.jpg
Luise von Neubeck (1816–1872) Abbess of the Heilig-Geist-Spitals (1870–1872) * seit 1936 verschollen 1839
Antonie Wallinger (1823–1893) Friedrich von Ott (∞ 1860), regierungsrat 72,3 x 58,8 cm 1840
Antonia wallinger von ott.jpg
Rosalie Julie von Bonar (1814–?) Freiherr Ernst von Bonar etc. 72 x 58,2 cm 1840
Stieler freifrau.jpg
Sophie Friederike von Bayern (1805–1872) Archduke Franz Karl of Austria (∞ 1824) 72 x 59 cm 1841
Stieler Archduchess 1832.jpg
Katharina Botsaris (1820–1872) Prince Georg Karadja (∞ 1845) 72,4 x 59 cm 1841
KaterinaRosaBotzaris.jpg
Caroline Lizius (1825–1908) 71 x 59,4 cm 1842
Karolina Lizius.jpg
Elise List (1822–1893) Gustav Pacher, from Vienna (∞ 1845) 70,3 x 59,2 cm 1842
Marie Friederike of Prussia (1825–1889) Crown Prince Maximilian II of Bavaria (∞ 1842) 71,7 x 58 cm 1843
Marie of prussia queen of bavaria.jpg
Friederike von Gumppenberg (1823–1916) Ludwig Freiherr von Gumppenberg, her cousin (∞ 1857) 70 x 59,4 cm 1843
Stieler Gumppenberg.jpg
Caroline von Oettingen-Wallerstein (1824–1889) Count Hugo Philipp von Waldbott-Bassenheim (∞ 1843) 71 x 59,5 cm 1843
Emily Milbanke[2] (1822–1910) Sir John Milbanke, British envoy in Munich (∞ 1843)[3] 71 x 59 cm 1844
Joseph Stieler - Lady Emily Milbanke, 1844.jpg
Josepha Conti (1823–1881) Anton Conti (∞ 1840, soon abandoned her) 71,5 x 58,5 cm 1844
Josepha Conti.jpg
Alexandra Amalie of Bavaria (1826–1875) 70,5 x 59,2 cm 1845
1826 Alexandra.JPG
Auguste Ferdinande von Österreich (1825–1864) Prince Luitpold von Bayern (∞ 1844) 70,2 x 59 cm 1845
Auguste von Österreich.jpg
Lola Montez (1821–1861) Thomas James, army officer
3 others
72 x 58,6 cm 1847
Joseph Karl Stieler-Lola Montez1847.jpg
Maria Dietsch (1835–1869) Georg Sprecher, Chefredakteur der Augsburger Abendzeitung (∞ 1865) 73 x 59 cm 1850
Stieler Portrait Maria Dietsch.jpg
Anna von Greiner (1836–?) Emil von Greiner (von 1861-1865) 1861
Carlotta von Breidbach-Bürresheim (1838–1920) Count Philipp Boos zu Waldeck (∞ 1863) vor 1863

References[edit]

  1. ^ Born 1811 in Münchberg
  2. ^ Third daughter of the Earl of Mansfield.
  3. ^ Their son John was also an envoy [1].