|France, Northern Italy, Channel Islands, parts of Belgium and Switzerland|
Historical area of development for strict Gallo-Romance.
The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes French and the languages of northern Italy. [dubious ] Based on mutual intelligibility, David Dalby counts seven languages: Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal (Arpitan), Romansh, Ladin, Friulian, and Lombard.
Traditional geographical extension
Historically, various Gallo-Romance languages were spoken in the North of France, parts of Flanders, Alsace and part of Lorraine; the Wallonia region of Belgium, the Channel Islands, Switzerland, and northern Italy.
Today, a single Gallo-Romance language (French) dominates much of this geographic region (including the formerly non-Romance areas of France), and has also spread overseas.
See the Romance languages article for a description of the characteristics of Gallo-Romance.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Gallo-Romance". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Charles Camproux, Les langues romanes, PUF 1974. p. 77–78.
- Pierre Bec, La langue occitane, éditions PUF, Paris, 1963. p. 49–50.
- G.B. Pellegrini, "Il cisalpino ed il retoromanzo, 1993". See also "The Dialects of Italy, edited by Maiden & Parry, 1997
- David Dalby, 1999/2000, The Linguasphere register of the world’s languages and speech communities. Observatoire Linguistique, Linguasphere Press. Volume 2. Oxford.
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