Gallup, New Mexico

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Gallup
City
Gallup, New Mexico
Gallup, New Mexico
Location of Gallup in New Mexico
Location of Gallup in New Mexico
Coordinates: 35°31′25″N 108°44′3″W / 35.52361°N 108.73417°W / 35.52361; -108.73417Coordinates: 35°31′25″N 108°44′3″W / 35.52361°N 108.73417°W / 35.52361; -108.73417
Country United States
State New Mexico
County McKinley
Founded 1881
Government
 • Mayor Jackie McKinney
Area
 • City 13.4 sq mi (34.6 km2)
 • Land 13.4 sq mi (34.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 6,468 ft (1,971 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 21,678
 • Density 1,513.7/sq mi (584.5/km2)
 • Metro 71,492
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 87301-87305
Area code(s) 505
FIPS code 35-28460
GNIS feature ID 0902825
Website www.GallupNM.gov
American Coal Company mine and plant, Gallup, circa 1920. Early coal mining here supplied the railroad's steam locomotives.

Gallup (Navajo: Naʼnízhoozhí) is a city in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 21,678 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of McKinley County[1] and the most populous city between Flagstaff and Albuquerque.Gallup was also named as the winner in the Best of the Road Contest as the Most Patriotic Small Town in America for 2013.[2]

It is on the Trails of the Ancients Byway, one of the designated New Mexico Scenic Byways.[3]

History[edit]

Gallup was founded in 1881 as a railhead for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. The city was named after David Gallup, a paymaster for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. During World War II, the city fought successfully to prevent 800 Japanese American residents from being placed in wartime internment. Gallup is known as the "Heart of Indian Country" because it is in the middle of many Native American reservations and home to many tribes.[2]

Culture[edit]

U.S. Route 66 ran through Gallup, and the town's name is mentioned in the lyrics of the song of the same name ("You'll see Amarillo and Gallup, NM"). In 2003, the U.S. and New Mexico Departments of Transportation renumbered US Highway 666, the city's other major highway, as Route 491. However, this change was unrelated to the fact that the number "666" is associated with Satan and Devil worship, and thus it was considered "cursed" or a "Beast" to some locals.[4]

The historic El Rancho Hotel & Motel has hosted a numerous array of movie stars including John Wayne, Ronald Reagan, Humphrey Bogart, Spencer Tracy, Katharine Hepburn, Joan Crawford, Kirk Douglas, Doris Day, Gregory Peck, and Burt Lancaster. The rugged terrain surrounding Gallup was popular with Hollywood filmmakers during the 1940s and 50s for the on-location shooting of Westerns. Actors and film crews would stay at that hotel during filming. Films made in Gallup include Billy the Kid (1930), Pursued (1947), The Sea of Grass (1947), Four Faces West (1948), Only the Valiant (1951), Ace in the Hole (1951), Escape from Fort Bravo (1953), A Distant Trumpet (1964), and The Hallelujah Trail (1965).

Gallup is sometimes called the "Indian Capital of the World", for its location in the heart of Native American lands, and the presence of Navajo, Zuni, Hopi, and other tribes. 1/3 of the city's population has Native American roots. Gallup's nickname references the huge impact of the Native American cultures found in and around the city. However, the city is criticized in the novel Ceremony, authored by the Native American writer Leslie Marmon Silko, for the city's slums.

Gallup was the setting as the center of activity in a 2006 Sci Fi Channel mini-series The Lost Room, starring Peter Krause. Akon filmed a music video in Gallup in 2005. In 1994, parts of the film Natural Born Killers were filmed in the city.

Geography[edit]

Gallup is located at 35°31′25″N 108°44′3″W / 35.52361°N 108.73417°W / 35.52361; -108.73417 (35.523750, −108.734088).[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.4 square miles (35 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 20,209 people, 6,810 households, and 4,869 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,513.7 people per square mile (584.5/km²). There were 7,349 housing units at an average density of 550.5 per square mile (212.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 35.2% White, 43.8% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 1.2% African American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.0% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.7% of the population.

There were 6,810 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-nuclear families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

It has close proximity to Native American reservations, and historic lack of economic development in addition to many mine closures in the last century. As a result of these mine closures, Gallup has a large socioeconomic poor population. The median income for a household in the city was $34,868, and the median income for a family was $39,197. Males had a median income of $33,380 versus $24,441 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,789. About 16.6% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.

Crime[edit]

Crime is a serious problem in Gallup. In 2012, violent crime was nearly five times the national average. [7] As a result, the city has the highest violent crime rate in the state of New Mexico. According to an article published in November of 2014, "Gallup saw 463 violent crimes last year including murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault. That’s an eleven percent increase from the year before and two times the rate of Albuquerque, the state’s largest city." [8]

Transportation[edit]

Airports

Major highways

Train

Climate[edit]

Gallup, like most of the interior Mountain West, has a cool semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk). The summers are hot during the day, but the high altitude and low humidity means that nights remain distinctly cool: as late as July 2 of 1997 the temperature fell to 31 °F (−1 °C). Despite the large diurnal temperature range, most rain falls in the summer from afternoon thunderstorms. Despite the dry atmosphere, hot sun and an average of only 7.4 days with maxima below 32 °F (0 °C), winter nights are so cold snow is common and sometimes heavy: the maximum in a month is 29.10 inches (0.74 m) in December 1992 and the most in a year 65.10 inches (1.65 m) between July 1990 and June 1991. Actual snow cover, with the hot sun at Gallup’s altitude, however, has never exceeded 13.1 inches (0.33 m), and for no day averages over 3.5 inches (0.089 m).

Climate data for Gallup, New Mexico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
73
(23)
81
(27)
84
(29)
95
(35)
98
(37)
100
(38)
98
(37)
93
(34)
87
(31)
78
(26)
66
(19)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 45
(7)
50
(10)
57
(14)
65
(18)
75
(24)
86
(30)
89
(32)
86
(30)
80
(27)
69
(21)
55
(13)
46
(8)
66.9
(19.5)
Average low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
16
(−9)
20
(−7)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
42
(6)
51
(11)
50
(10)
42
(6)
29
(−2)
18
(−8)
11
(−12)
28.9
(−1.7)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−19
(−28)
−10
(−23)
6
(−14)
12
(−11)
25
(−4)
31
(−1)
35
(2)
20
(−7)
5
(−15)
−26
(−32)
−34
(−37)
−34
(−37)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.81
(20.6)
0.65
(16.5)
0.89
(22.6)
0.51
(13)
0.62
(15.7)
0.45
(11.4)
1.56
(39.6)
1.99
(50.5)
1.12
(28.4)
1.19
(30.2)
0.95
(24.1)
0.71
(18)
11.45
(290.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
6.0
(15.2)
3.8
(9.7)
2.3
(5.8)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(1.8)
4.1
(10.4)
6.5
(16.5)
30.4
(77.2)
Avg. precipitation days 6 6 6 4 4 3 10 10 6 5 5 6 71
Source: Western Regional Climate Center.[9]
Sights of Gallup

Notable residents[edit]

Notable events[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b "Most Patriotic Small Town in America". Rand Mcnally. Retrieved 2013-11-22. 
  3. ^ Trail of the Ancients. New Mexico Tourism Department. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  4. ^ "U.S. 666: "Beast of a Highway"?". Highway History. United States Department of Transportation – Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ [http://www.city-data.com/crime/crime-Gallup-New-Mexico.html
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ GALLUP FAA AP, NEW MEXICO
  10. ^ New York Times. "Indian Director Sworn In: Glenn L. Emmons Takes Office Succeeding Dillon S. Myer." August 11, 1953.

External links[edit]