Galt Historic Railway Park

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Galt Historic Railway Park
Galt Historic Railway Park is located in Alberta
Galt Historic Railway Park
Location of the museum in Alberta.
Established 2000
Location Warner County No. 5, Alberta
Coordinates 49°29′53″N 112°31′30″W / 49.498°N 112.525°W / 49.498; -112.525
Type Open-air, railway
Collection size Steam era items, customs office/ telegraph equipment
Visitors guided tours available daily, pets welcome. picnic shelter
Website galtrailway.com/home/
International Train Station Depot
Galt Historic Railway Park
Restored 1890 International Train Station Customs Depot
General information
Architectural style Victorian
Location Original Location Coutts, Alberta, Canada
Sweetgrass, Montana, United States
Construction started fall 1890u
Completed October 1890 prior to narrow gauge rail being laid down.
Renovated 2000-to present
Client Alberta Railway & Coal Company
Technical details
Structural system Wood
Design and construction
Architect Sir Alexander Galt
Elliot Galt
Engineer sub contractor builder hired by narrow gauge rail contracter Oct 1890

The Galt Historic Railway Park, collects, preserves, restores, exhibits and interprets artifacts which represent the history and social impact of the "steam" era in southern Alberta and the coal era, with emphasis on Galt Railway and the 1890 International Train Station Depot North West Territories from Coutts/Sweetgrass.

The Museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, and Virtual Museum of Canada Canadian Council for Rail Heritage, Canadian Rail Museum Association,Rocky Mountain Rail Society, West Coast Rail Association.

History[edit]

Originally built in 1890 by Sir Alexander Galt and his son Elliott Galt partners in a consortium of investors from Canada, England and the United States. Alexander and his son Elliott Torrance Galt co-founded the Town of Lethbridge, Alberta in 1883, when he established a mine on the banks of the Oldman River in the southwest portion of the District of Alberta, Northwest Territories. The Canadian Post Office refused to accept the name Lethbridge for the community until 1885 because there was another town with the same name in the Dominion of Canada. Sir Alexander Galt laid out the street plan of Lethbridge's present location in 1885 after his settlement was moved to the prairie level from the river valley. Canada's Governor General, the Marquis of Landsdowne, demonstrated the Dominion government's support of the Galt enterprises, by opening the Galts' railway in September 1885 in Lethbridge.[1][2]

Galt's company, the North Western Coal and Navigation Company went through a variety of name changes as it moved into railways,land sales and irrigation enterprises. A public park and a museum (formerly a hospital) in Lethbridge and a train station are named after him. Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier dedicated the Galt Hospital addition, which houses the Galt Museum, in 1910.[1][2]

Sir Alexander was the founding President of The Guarantee Company of North America in 1872, providing fidelity bonds to guarantee the honesty of employees of railroads and government, which still exists today as the largest provider of surety bonds in all of Canada in public works and government services.

Straddling the Canada – United States border from 1890 to 1915, it is the only existing example of this kind of structure left in Western Canada. The International Border ran through the waiting / dining room. The Telegrapher and Station Agent worked beside the centre section, arranging shipment in Bond to proceed from Coutts, Alberta to Sweetgrass, Montana, and vice-versa. It was one of only two "Lunch Stations" along the railway line which ran from Lethbridge, Alberta to Great Falls, Montana. Around 1915, the northern part of the station was moved across the border to Coutts, where it was used by the Canadian Pacific Railway until the closing in the late 1960s.

In 2000 the station was bought by the Great Canadian Plains Railway Society and moved to an 35-acre (14 ha) site, 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) north of Stirling, Alberta, where it has been completely restored back to its original glory, and opened to the public in the summer of 2005.

Wrentham Ogilvie grain elevator Addition[edit]

The Southern Alberta Grain Elevator Society’s (SAGES) is working in part with the railway park to help preserve and restore artifacts to help educate the public by portraying Southern Alberta’s prairie elevators and their rich cultural heritage. The prairie grain elevator is an icon that continues to disappear from Western Canadian’s horizon.

As part of SAGES vision, SAGES has been given an opportunity to relocate a historic 1925 Ogilvie Flour elevator located 30 km east of the Park in the hamlet of Wrentham.

The elevator will need to be transported 30 kilometers west to a new foundation at the park for display.

The Southern Alberta Grain Elevator Society is now in the funding process of their project and currently looking for volunteers and donations to reach their goal of $250,000 to relocate and restore the buildings back to an original functioning grain elevator. Once at the railway park, community events, historic demonstrations and educational tours will take place.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skelton, Oscar (1920). The Life and Times of Alexander Tilloch Galt. Oxford University Press. 
  2. ^ a b Harris, Jane (2006). Stars Appearing: The Galts Vision of Canada. Kitchener: Volumes Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9780985-0-6. 

External links[edit]