Location within County (left) and Kansas (right)
|• Total||0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)|
|• Land||0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,545 ft (471 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||894|
|• Density||1,800/sq mi (700/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-25200 |
|GNIS feature ID||0477203 |
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.
In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, McPherson County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Galva.
From the 1820s to 1870s, the Santa Fe Trail passed through, what is now McPherson County. In 1855, Charles O. Fuller established a ranch adjacent to the Running Turkey Creek Crossing about two miles south and one mile east of Galva. Fuller's Ranch provided accommodations for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail and was probably the first white settlement in McPherson County. The location is on private property with a marker nearby. The trail was active across McPherson County from 1821 to 1866.
As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion held a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company. In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood. The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968. In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion through Galva to McPherson was abandoned and removed. The original branch line connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, Ellinwood.
In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a main line from Herington through Galva to Pratt. In 1888, this line was extended to Liberal. Later, it was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. It foreclosed in 1891 and taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".
Galva is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.48 square miles (1.24 km2), all of it land. Galva is situated on relatively flat topography with a single stream that only runs during wet weather through the south part of town, flowing southwest. The land is highly productive agriculturally with wheat, milo, soybeans the principle crops. Oil is still produced within the city limits and in the fields north, south and east of town.(38.383038, -97.536903).
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Galva has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 870 people, 343 households, and 264 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,812.5 inhabitants per square mile (699.8/km2). There were 369 housing units at an average density of 768.8 per square mile (296.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 343 households of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.5% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.0% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 35.9 years. 27.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 701 people, 273 households, and 206 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,487.1 people per square mile (575.9/km²). There were 297 housing units at an average density of 630.1 per square mile (244.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.15% White, 0.14% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.
There were 273 households out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,500, and the median income for a family was $47,212. Males had a median income of $32,917 versus $20,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,021. About 6.2% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Christian Churches are composed of the a United Methodist Church congregation and the Galva Christian Church (Disciples In Christ) congregation, within the city limits; Lone Tree Mennonite (Church of God in Christ - Holdeman) located six miles south, one half mile east and one quarter mile south of town; United Center Mennonite (Church of God in Christ - Holdeman) located three miles east and one mile north of town.
Primary and secondary education
- Canton-Galva High School, located in Canton
- Canton-Galva Middle School, located in Galva
- Canton-Galva Elementary School, located in Canton
- Local Phone and Long Distance provided by Home Communications (HCI).
- Home Security
- Home Automation and Security provided by Home Communications (HCI).
- Galva, Kansas, 1887-1987; Galva Historical Committee; 1987.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- History of the Cottonwood Crossing Chapter, Santa Fe Trail Association.
- Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
- Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners for the Year Ending December 1, 1886 in State of Kansas; Kansas Publishing House; 1886.
- Railway Abandonment 1968
- Rock Island Rail History
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 134.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 706.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Galva, Kansas
- U.S. Census Bureau - 2000 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
- U.S. Census Bureau - 1990 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
- USD 419
- Kansas School District Boundary Map
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Galva, Kansas.|
- USD 419, local school district