Galway (Dáil Éireann constituency)

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Galway
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Outline map
Location of Galway within Ireland
Former constituency
Created 1921
Abolished 1937
Seats 7 (1921–1923)
9 (1923–1937)
County/City council County Galway

Galway was a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas from 1921 to 1937. The method of election was the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

History[edit]

It was the largest constituency in Ireland, electing 7 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs) to the Dáil in 1921 and 1922, and 9 from 1923 to 1937. The constituency was created in 1921 as a 7 seater, under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, for the 1921 elections to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. That House had only a brief existence, as only four members took their seats, the remainder forming the 2nd Dáil.

Under the Electoral Act 1923, it became a 9 seat constituency for the 1923 general election to the 4th Dáil. Its representation remained at 9 seats until its abolition for the 1937 general election, under the Electoral (Revision of Constituencies) Act 1935.

Boundaries[edit]

Some Dáil Éireann constituencies extend cross the county boundaries, to ensure a reasonably consistent ratio of electors to TDs. The mathematics make this less likely to be necessary in a large constituency such as this one, and the 1923 Act defined the boundaries of the Galway constituency simply as: "The administrative county of Galway."[1] No boundary revisions took place until the abolition of the constituency under the 1935 Act.

TDs[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Galway 1921–1937[2]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
2nd 1921[3] Pádraic Ó Máille
(SF)
Bryan Cusack
(SF)
Liam Mellows
(SF)
Frank Fahy
(SF)
Patrick Hogan
(SF)
Joseph Whelehan
(SF)
George Nicolls
(SF)
7 seats
1921–1923
3rd 1922[4] Pádraic Ó Máille
(Pro-Treaty)
Bryan Cusack
(Anti-Treaty)
Thomas O'Connell
(Lab)
Frank Fahy
(Anti-Treaty)
Patrick Hogan
(Pro-Treaty)
Joseph Whelehan
(Pro-Treaty)
George Nicolls
(Pro-Treaty)
4th 1923[5] Pádraic Ó Máille
(CnaG)
Barney Mellows
(Rep)
Frank Fahy
(Rep)
Patrick Hogan
(CnaG)
James Cosgrave
(Ind)
George Nicolls
(CnaG)
Seán Broderick
(CnaG)
Louis O'Dea
(Rep)
5th 1927 (Jun)[6] Mark Killilea
(FF)
Thomas Powell
(FF)
Gilbert Lynch
(Lab)
Frank Fahy
(FF)
Seán Tubridy
(FF)
Martin McDonogh
(CnaG)
William Duffy
(NL)
6th 1927 (Sep)[7] Stephen Jordan
(FF)
Joseph Mongan
(CnaG)
7th 1932[8] Patrick Beegan
(FF)
Gerald Bartley
(FF)
8th 1933[9] Mark Killilea
(FF)
Frank Fahy
(CC)
Séamus Keely
(FF)
1935 by-election[10] Eamon Corbett
(FF)
1936 by-election[11] Martin Neilan
(FF)
9th 1937 Constituency abolished. See Galway East and Galway West

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Elections[edit]

1936 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fine Gael TD Patrick Hogan, a by-election was held on 13 August 1936. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Martin Neilan.

1936 by-election: Galway[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Martin Neilan 39,982 60.6 1 1
Fine Gael James Hogan 23,264 35.3
Cumann Poblachta na hÉireann Count Plunkett 2,696 4.1
Electorate: 97,736   Valid: 65,942   Quota: 32,972   Turnout: 67.4%

1935 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fine Gael TD Martin McDonogh, a by-election was held on 19 June 1935. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Eamon Corbett.

1935 by-election: Galway[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Eamon Corbett 37,415 60.8 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Thomas McDonogh 24,088 39.2
Electorate: 97,650   Valid: 61,503   Quota: 30,752   Turnout: 62.9%

1933 general election[edit]

1933 general election: Galway[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Frank Fahy Automatically returned N/A 1 1
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 8,872 12.2 2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Hogan 4,940 6.8 3
Cumann na nGaedheal Martin McDonogh 4,328 5.9 4
Fianna Fáil Gerald Bartley 6,358 8.7 5
Fianna Fáil Patrick Beegan 7,010 9.6 6
Fianna Fáil Séamus Keely 6,197 8.5 7
Cumann na nGaedheal Seán Broderick 4,167 5.7 8
Fianna Fáil Stephen Jordan 5,770 7.9 9
Fianna Fáil Thomas Powell 5,687 7.8
Fianna Fáil Seán Tubridy 5,634 7.7
Cumann na nGaedheal Joseph Mongan 4,198 5.8
Cumann na nGaedheal Fred McDonogh 3,574 4.9
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Cawley 3,129 4.3
Labour Party Robert Burke 3,080 4.2
Electorate: 94,591   Valid: 72,944   Quota: 8,105   Turnout: 77.1%

1932 general election[edit]

1932 general election: Galway[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Thomas Powell 6,068 9.2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Hogan 5,551 8.4 2
Fianna Fáil Frank Fahy 6,132 9.3 3
Fianna Fáil Gerald Bartley 4,357 6.6 4
Fianna Fáil Patrick Beegan 5,230 7.9 5
Cumann na nGaedheal Joseph Mongan 4,658 7.0 6
Cumann na nGaedheal Seán Broderick 4,397 6.7 7
Cumann na nGaedheal Martin McDonogh 3,384 5.1 8
Fianna Fáil Stephen Jordan 5,142 7.8 9
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 5,454 8.3
Cumann na nGaedheal Fred McDonogh 4,926 7.5
Fianna Fáil Seán Tubridy 4,020 6.1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Lambert 3,261 4.9
Labour Party Frank Kelly 1,533 2.3
Labour Party Edward Meehan 1,036 1.6
Independent Martin Cooke 987 1.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 66,136   Quota: 6,614   Turnout:

September 1927 general election[edit]

September 1927 general election: Galway[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Hogan 6,059 10.2 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Seán Broderick 5,236 8.8 2
Cumann na nGaedheal Martin McDonogh 5,007 8.4 3
Fianna Fáil Frank Fahy 4,780 8.0 4
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 4,675 7.8 5
Fianna Fáil Thomas Powell 4,551 7.6 6
Fianna Fáil Seán Tubridy 5,126 8.6 7
Cumann na nGaedheal Joseph Mongan 4,208 7.1 8
Fianna Fáil Stephen Jordan 3,448 5.8 9
Cumann na nGaedheal James Nestor 3,944 6.6
Labour Party Gilbert Lynch 2,912 4.9
Fianna Fáil Séamus Keely 2,898 4.9
Cumann na nGaedheal Andrew Staunton 2,680 4.5
Independent James Cosgrave 2,399 4.0
Independent Pádraic Ó Máille 1,732 2.9
Electorate: ?   Valid: 59,655   Quota: 5,966   Turnout:

June 1927 general election[edit]

June 1927 general election: Galway[6]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Hogan 5,564 9.6 1
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 4,349 7.5 2
Fianna Fáil Frank Fahy 3,150 5.5 3
Cumann na nGaedheal Seán Broderick 3,906 6.8 4
Cumann na nGaedheal Martin McDonogh 3,244 5.6 5
National League Party William Duffy 2,003 3.5 6
Fianna Fáil Seán Tubridy 4,287 7.4 7
Fianna Fáil Thomas Powell 3,136 5.4 8
Labour Party Gilbert Lynch 2,654 4.6 9
Cumann na nGaedheal Joseph Mongan 3,245 5.6
Sinn Féin Barney Mellows 2,548 4.4
Cumann na nGaedheal James Nestor 2,433 4.2
Fianna Fáil Stephen Jordan 2,241 3.9
Fianna Fáil Bryan Cusack 2,212 3.8
Farmers' Party Patrick Lambert 2,031 3.5
Independent James Cosgrave 1,991 3.5
Cumann na nGaedheal John McKeague 1,832 3.2
Clann Éireann Pádraic Ó Máille 1,809 3.1
Independent James McDonnell 1,795 3.1
Farmers' Party John Ronaldson 1,637 2.8
Independent Seamus O'Mulloy 1,216 2.1
Independent James Reddington 464 0.8
Electorate: ?   Valid: 57,747   Quota: 5,775   Turnout:

1923 general election[edit]

1923 general election: Galway[5]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Hogan 7,563 15.6 1 1
Republican Barney Mellows 7,131 14.7 2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Pádraic Ó Máille 6,570 13.6 3 1
Republican Frank Fahy 5,670 11.7 4 1
Cumann na nGaedheal George Nicolls 1,732 3.6 5
Cumann na nGaedheal Seán Broderick 1,847 3.8 6
Republican Louis O'Dea 1,413 2.9 7
Labour Party Thomas J. O'Connell 1,862 3.8 8
Independent James Cosgrave 1,922 3.9 9
Republican Colm Ó Gaora 2,011 4.2
Farmers' Party Patrick Conroy 1,529 3.2
Farmers' Party Martin Egan 1,497 3.1
Independent Thomas Sloyan 1,296 2.7
Cumann na nGaedheal William Dolly 1,237 2.6
Labour Party John McNally 1,028 2.1
Cumann na nGaedheal John Quinn 837 1.7
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Tierney 667 1.4
Independent James Hoban 622 1.3
Farmers' Party Martin Finnerty 615 1.3
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick Curley 379 0.8
Farmers' Party James Haverty 343 0.7
Farmers' Party Thomas Dillon 293 0.6
Farmers' Party Michael O'Brien 203 0.4
Independent Anthony Fallon 175 0.4
Electorate: 106,378   Valid: 48,442   Quota: 4,845   Turnout: 45.5%

1922 general election[edit]

1922 general election: Galway[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Patrick Hogan 6,832 18.7 1 1
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Pádraic Ó Máille 6,445 17.7 2 1
Labour Party Thomas J. O'Connell 4,821 13.2 3 1
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Joseph Whelehan 4,361 11.9 4 2
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) George Nicolls 2,258 6.2 5 3
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Bryan Cusack 4,425 12.1 6 3
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Frank Fahy 3,418 9.4 7 7
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Liam Mellows 3,937 10.8
Electorate: 81,455   Valid: 36,497   Quota: 4,563   Turnout: 44.8%

1921 general election[edit]

1921 general election: Galway[3]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin Bryan Cusack Unopposed N/A 1
Sinn Féin Frank Fahy Unopposed N/A 2
Sinn Féin Patrick Hogan Unopposed N/A 3
Sinn Féin Liam Mellows Unopposed N/A 4
Sinn Féin George Nicolls Unopposed N/A 5
Sinn Féin Pádraic Ó Máille Unopposed N/A 6
Sinn Féin Joseph Whelehan Unopposed N/A 7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electoral Act, 1923: Eighth Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 12 February 2009. 
  2. ^ Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286. 
  3. ^ a b "General election 1921: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "General election 1922: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "General election 1923: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "General election June 1927: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "General election September 1927: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "General election 1932: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "General election 1933: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "By-election 1935: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "By-election 1936: Galway". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 

External links[edit]