Galway East (Dáil Éireann constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the 1885–1922 constituency, see East Galway (UK Parliament constituency).
Galway East
Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Outline map
Location of Galway East within Ireland
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 4 (1977–1981)
3 (1981–1997)
4 (1997–)
TDs
County/City council County Galway
EP constituency North-West
Galway East
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Former constituency
Created 1937
Abolished 1948
Seats 4
County/City council County Galway
Galway East
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary constituency
Former constituency
Created 1961
Abolished 1969
Seats 5
County/City council County Galway

Galway East is a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas. The constituency elects 4 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs). The method of election is the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

History and boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1937 general election, under the Electoral (Revision of Constituencies) Act 1935, when the former Galway constituency was split into Galway East and Galway West. It was abolished in 1948 and recreated in 1961. It was abolished again in 1969 and recreated in its current form in 1977.

It spans the entire area of the eastern half of County Galway, taking in the towns of Ballinasloe, Tuam, Portumna and Loughrea and many other areas.[1]

The Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009 defines the constituency as:

"In the county of Galway the electoral divisions of:
Abbeygormacan, Ahascragh, Aughrim, Ballinasloe Rural, Ballymacward, Clonfert, Clontuskert, Kellysgrove, Kilconnell, Killaan, Killallaghtan, Killoran, Killure, Kilmacshane, Kiltormer, Kylemore, Laurencetown, Lismanny, Oatfield, in the former Rural District of Ballinasloe No. 1;
Ballinastack, Ballymoe, Ballynakill, Boyounagh, Creggs, Curraghmore, Glennamaddy, Island, Kilcroan, Kiltullagh, Raheen, Scregg, Shankill, Templetogher, Toberroe, in the former Rural District of Glennamaddy;
Ardamullivan, Ardrahan, Ballycahalan, Beagh, Cahermore, Cappard, Castletaylor, Doorus, Drumacoo, Gort, Kilbeacanty, Killeely, Killeenavarra, Killinny, Kiltartan, Kilthomas, Kinvarra, Rahasane, Skehanagh, in the former Rural District of Gort;
Aille, Athenry, Ballynagar, Bracklagh, Bullaun, Cappalusk, Castleboy, Cloonkeen, Colmanstown, Craughwell, Derrylaur, Drumkeary, Graigabbey, Grange, Greethill, Kilchreest, Kilconickny, Kilconierin, Killimor, Killogilleen, Kilmeen, Kilreekill, Kilteskill, Kiltullagh, Lackalea, Leitrim, Loughatorick, Loughrea Rural, Loughrea Urban, Marblehill, Mountain, Movode, Raford, Tiaquin, Woodford, in the former Rural District of Loughrea;
Annagh, Ballynakill, Caltra, Castleblakeney, Castleffrench, Clonbrock, Cloonkeen, Cooloo, Derryglassaun, Killeroran, Killian, Mount Bellew, Mounthazel, Taghboy, in the former Rural District of Mount Bellew;
Abbeyville, Ballyglass, Coos, Derrew, Drummin, Eyrecourt, Killimor, Kilmalinoge, Kilquain, Meelick, Moat, Pallas, Portumna, Tiranascragh, Tynagh, in the former Rural District of Portumna;
Abbey East, Abbey West, Addergoole, Annaghdown, Ballinderry, Ballinduff, Ballynapark, Beaghmore, Belclare, Carrownagur, Carrowrevagh, Claretuam, Clonbern, Cloonkeen, Cummer, Donaghpatrick, Doonbally, Dunmore North, Dunmore South, Foxhall, Headford, Hillsbrook, Kilbennan, Kilcoona, Killeany, Killeen, Killererin, Killower, Killursa, Kilmoylan, Kilshanvy, Levally, Milltown, Monivea, Moyne, Ryehill, Toberadosh, Tuam Rural, Tuam Urban, in the former Rural District of Tuam;
and the town of Ballinasloe."

TDs[edit]

TDs 1937–1948[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Galway East 1937–1948[2]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
9th 1937[3] Frank Fahy[4]
(CC)
Mark Killilea, Snr
(FF)
Patrick Beegan
(FF)
Seán Broderick
(FG)
10th 1938[5]
11th 1943[6] Michael Donnellan
(CnaT)
12th 1944[7]
13th 1948 Constituency abolished. See Galway North and Galway South

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

TDs 1961–1969[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Galway East 1961–1969[2]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
17th 1961[8] Michael F. Kitt
(FF)
Michael Donnellan
(CnaT)
Anthony Millar
(FF)
Michael Carty
(FF)
Brigid Hogan-O'Higgins
(FG)
1964 by-election[9] John Donnellan
(FG)
18th 1965[10]
19th 1969 Constituency abolished. See Galway North–East and Clare–Galway South

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

TDs since 1977[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Galway East 1977–[2]
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
21st 1977[11] Johnny Callanan
(FF)
Thomas Hussey
(FF)
Mark Killilea, Jnr
(FF)
John Donnellan
(FG)
22nd 1981[12] Michael P. Kitt
(FF)
Paul Connaughton, Snr
(FG)
3 seats
1981–1997
23rd 1982 (Feb)[13]
1982 by-election[14] Noel Treacy
(FF)
24th 1982 (Nov)[15]
25th 1987[16]
26th 1989[17]
27th 1992[18]
28th 1997[19] Ulick Burke
(FG)
29th 2002[20] Joe Callanan
(FF)
Paddy McHugh
(Ind)
30th 2007[21] Michael P. Kitt
(FF)
Ulick Burke
(FG)
31st 2011[22] Colm Keaveney
(Lab)
Paul Connaughton, Jnr
(FG)
Ciarán Cannon
(FG)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Elections[edit]

2011 general election[edit]

2011 general election: Galway East[22]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 11.1 6,585 6,632 6,860 9,526 9,793 10,223 11,115 12,850  
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Jnr 12.2 7,255 7,310 7,552 7,802 8,091 9,824 10,877 12,610  
Fine Gael Ciarán Cannon 11.7 6,927 7,061 7,268 7,565 8,125 9,962 10,279 11,861  
Labour Party Colm Keaveney 7.2 4,254 4,344 4,693 4,785 7,236 7,469 8,636 9,806 10,126
Fine Gael Tom McHugh 9.8 5,832 5,868 5,950 6,034 6,125 6,736 8,371 8,665 8,848
Independent Tim Broderick 8.7 5,137 5,242 6,278 6,516 6,846 7,641 8,365    
Independent Seán Canney 9.4 5,567 5,645 5,940 6,127 6,341 6,431      
Fine Gael Jimmy McClearn 9.1 5,395 5,440 5,634 5,778 5,987        
Labour Party Lorraine Higgins 6.0 3,577 3,813 4,423 4,651          
Fianna Fáil Michael F. Dolan 6.9 4,109 4,155 4,290            
Sinn Féin Dermot Connolly 6.1 3,635 3,723              
Independent Emer O'Donnell 1.0 601                
Green Party Ciarán Kennedy 0.7 402                
Electorate: 83,651   Valid: 59,276   Spoilt: 560 (0.9%)   Quota: 11,856   Turnout: 59,836 (71.5%)

2007 general election[edit]

2007 general election: Galway East[21]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 12.3 6,886 6,989 7,113 7,398 7,698 8,315 9,927 13,058  
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 15.8 8,796 8,911 9,121 9,327 9,720 10,637 11,077 12,225  
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 9.2 5,149 5,318 5,443 5,645 6,194 6,316 8,612 9,641 11,183
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 13.5 7,524 7,668 7,817 7,943 8,895 9,399 9,805 10,316 10,591
Fianna Fáil Joe Callanan 10.4 5,817 5,922 6,135 6,184 6,802 6,950 7,709 7,850 7,932
Fine Gael Tom McHugh 8.8 4,881 4,958 5,019 5,529 5,584 6,710 6,936    
Fine Gael John Barton 8.8 4,916 5,079 5,435 5,663 6,050 6,218      
Independent Paddy McHugh 5.8 3,224 3,382 3,602 4,051 4,212        
Progressive Democrats Ciarán Cannon 6.0 3,321 3,447 3,507 3,599          
Labour Party Colm Keaveney 3.1 1,747 2,120 2,371            
Sinn Féin Jason Devlin 3.2 1,789 1,953              
Green Party Maíread Ní Chroínín 1.9 1,057                
Independent Adrian Feeney 0.7 397                
Independent Clare Flynn 0.5 290                
Electorate: 81,684   Valid: 55,794   Spoilt: 480 (0.8%)   Quota: 11,159   Turnout: 56,274 (68.9%)

2002 general election[edit]

2002 general election: Galway East[20]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 17.5 8,635 8,766 8,984 13,971  
Fianna Fáil Joe Callanan 15.9 7,898 7,963 8,315 9,414 10,366
Independent Paddy McHugh 15.8 7,786 8,042 8,581 8,825 9,881
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 15.7 7,765 7,847 8,091 8,726 9,253
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 15.1 7,454 7,513 7,711 7,950 8,243
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 14.0 6,941 7,152 7,445    
Sinn Féin Daithí Mac an Bháird 3.7 1,828 2,068      
Green Party Úna Ní Bhroin 2.1 1,022        
Christian Solidarity Manus Mac Meanamáin 0.2 93        
Electorate: 73,659   Valid: 49,422   Spoilt: 452 (0.9%)   Quota: 9,885   Turnout: 49,874 (67.7%)

1997 general election[edit]

1997 general election: Galway East[19]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 6,445 15.0 1 5
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 6,931 16.2 2 5
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 5,436 12.7 3 5
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 6,531 15.2 4 5
Fianna Fáil Joe Callanan 6,221 14.5
Labour Party Colm Keaveney 3,400 7.9
Progressive Democrats Joe Burke 3,182 7.4
Fine Gael Patrick Finnegan 2,670 6.2
Independent Pat Hynes 1,298 3.0
Independent Sheila Ganly 705 1.6
Natural Law Paul Campbell 98 0.2
Electorate: 61,075   Valid: 42,917   Spoilt: 451 (1.0%)   Quota: 8,584   Turnout: 43,368 (71.0%)

1992 general election[edit]

1992 general election: Galway East[18]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 6,062 20.9 1 4
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 6,339 21.8 2 5
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 5,834 20.1 3 6
Progressive Democrats Joe Burke 3,882 13.4
Fine Gael Michael Mullins 2,864 9.9
Fianna Fáil Patrick Finnegan 2,198 7.6
Labour Party Pat Hynes 1,586 5.5
Sinn Féin Dermot Connolly 306 1.1
Electorate: 42,672   Valid: 29,071   Spoilt: 463 (1.6%)   Quota: 7,268   Turnout: 29,534 (69.2%)

1989 general election[edit]

1989 general election: Galway East[17]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 8,593 29.5 1
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 7,573 26.0 2
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 7,030 24.1 3
Fine Gael Michael Finnerty 2,800 9.6
Fianna Fáil Patrick Finnegan 2,721 9.3
Independent Pádraig Ó Ceallaigh 412 1.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 29,129   Quota: 7,283   Turnout:

1987 general election[edit]

1987 general election: Galway East[16]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 6,831 20.7 1
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 6,719 20.4 2
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 6,762 20.5 3
Progressive Democrats Joe Burke 5,463 16.6
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 3,700 11.2
Fianna Fáil Thomas Hussey 3,463 10.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 32,938   Quota: 8,235   Turnout:

November 1982 general election[edit]

November 1982 general election: Galway East[15]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 6,208 18.9 1
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 6,563 20.0 2
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 5,785 17.6 3
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 5,220 11.2
Fianna Fáil Thomas Hussey 4,909 14.9
Fine Gael Joe Burke 3,040 9.3
Labour Party Kevin Dwyer 926 2.8
Independent Brian Parker 164 0.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 32,815   Quota: 8,204   Turnout:

July 1982 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD Johnny Callanan, a by-election was held on 20 July 1982. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Noel Treacy.

1982 by-election: Galway East[14]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Noel Treacy 16,337 50.2 1 1
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 13,610 41.8
Labour Party Kevin Dwyer 1,741 5.4
Independent Norman Morgan 675 2.1
Independent Brian Parker 177 0.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 32,540   Quota: 16,271   Turnout:

February 1982 general election[edit]

February 1982 general election: Galway East[13]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 21.9 7,014 7,303 8,250    
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 19.3 6,182 6,305 6,386 6,786 11,167
Fianna Fáil Johnny Callanan 18.7 6,015 6,042 6,257 7,466 8,788
Fianna Fáil Thomas Hussey 17.1 5,500 5,689 5,743 6,212  
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 12.6 4,037 4,150 5,383    
Fine Gael Joseph Brennan 7.5 2,403 2,566      
Labour Party Kevin Dwyer 2.9 946        
Electorate: 41,655   Valid: 32,097   Spoilt: 250 (0.8%)   Quota: 8,025   Turnout: 32,347 (77.7%)

1981 general election[edit]

1981 general election: Galway East[12]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 22.6 7,487 9,287      
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 17.2 5,681 5,890 5,951 10,185  
Fianna Fáil Johnny Callanan 19.1 6,326 6,441 6,457 7,582 9,370
Fine Gael Ulick Burke 13.0 4,301 5,559 6,420 6,709 6,833
Fianna Fáil Thomas Hussey 16.6 5,502 5,850 5,929    
Fine Gael Joe Burke 11.5 3,793        
Electorate: 41,666   Valid: 33,090   Spoilt: 272 (0.8%)   Quota: 8,273   Turnout: 33,362 (80.1%)[23]

1977 general election[edit]

1977 general election: Galway East[11]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7
Fianna Fáil Johnny Callanan 19.8 8,835 8,849 9,487        
Fianna Fáil Thomas Hussey 14.2 6,345 6,398 6,641 6,737 6,959 9,881  
Fine Gael John Donnellan 13.4 5,985 6,156 6,415 8,855 8,911 9,082  
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Jnr 12.8 5,714 5,855 5,928 5,962 6,021 7,963 8,872
Fine Gael Paul Connaughton, Snr 13.3 5,914 6,241 6,499 7,477 7,534 7,960 8,010
Fianna Fáil Michael P. Kitt 12.0 5,361 5,389 5,571 5,640 5,780    
Fine Gael Brigid Hogan-O'Higgins 7.5 3,353 3,401 3,867        
Independent Norman Morgan 5.0 2,225 2,281          
Labour Party Harold Campbell 2.0 876            
Electorate: 56,064   Valid: 44,608   Spoilt: 304 (0.7%)   Quota: 8,922   Turnout: 44,912 (80.1%)[24]

1965 general election[edit]

1965 general election: Galway East[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael John Donnellan 11,109 26.6 1
Fine Gael Brigid Hogan-O'Higgins 4,309 10.3 2
Fianna Fáil Michael F. Kitt 5,458 13.1 3
Fianna Fáil Anthony Millar 5,790 13.9 4
Fianna Fáil Michael Carty 4,656 11.2 5
Fianna Fáil Thomas Hussey 4,276 10.3
Fianna Fáil Patrick Fahey 2,468 5.9
Independent Pádraig Ó Ceallaigh 1,607 3.9
Fine Gael Sean Purcell 1,381 3.3
Fine Gael Gus Hynes 650 1.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 41,704   Quota: 6,951   Turnout:

1964 by-election[edit]

1964 by-election: Galway East[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fine Gael John Donnellan 20,920 49.8 1
Fianna Fáil Thomas Hussey 19,612 46.6
Sinn Féin Pádraig Ó Ceallaigh 1,497 3.6
Electorate: 53,823   Valid: 42,029   Quota: 21,015   Turnout: 78.1%

1961 general election[edit]

1961 general election: Galway East[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Michael F. Kitt 5,750 14.4 1
Clann na Talmhan Michael Donnellan 5,903 14.7 2
Fianna Fáil Anthony Millar 6,325 15.8 3
Fianna Fáil Michael Carty 6,266 15.7 4
Fine Gael Brigid Hogan-O'Higgins 4,988 12.5 5
Fine Gael Sean Purcell 3,729 9.3
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 5,714 12.8
Sinn Féin Pádraig Ó Ceallaigh 3,478 8.7
Electorate: ?   Valid: 39,986   Quota: 6,665   Turnout:

1944 general election[edit]

1944 general election: Galway East[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Frank Fahy Automatically returned N/A 1
Fianna Fáil Patrick Beegan 11,475 35.2 2
Clann na Talmhan Michael Donnellan 10,235 31.4 3
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 8,449 25.9 4
Independent Edward Stankard 2,484 7.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 32,643   Quota: 8,161   Turnout:

1943 general election[edit]

1943 general election: Galway East[6]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Frank Fahy Automatically returned N/A 1
Clann na Talmhan Michael Donnellan 9,226 25.6 2
Fianna Fáil Patrick Beegan 8,638 23.9 3
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 7,424 20.6 4
Labour Party Robert Burke 5,029 13.9
Fianna Fáil Stephen Jordan 1,745 4.84
Fine Gael Seán Broderick 1,729 4.8
Fine Gael Patrick Cawley 1,127 3.1
Independent Sean O'Kelly 1,101 3.1
Electorate: ?   Valid: 36,019   Quota: 9,005   Turnout:

1938 general election[edit]

1938 general election: Galway East[5]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Frank Fahy Automatically returned N/A 1
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 9,526 27.2 2
Fianna Fáil Patrick Beegan 8,804 25.1 3
Fine Gael Seán Broderick 6,339 18.1
Fine Gael Patrick Cawley 4,140 11.8
Fianna Fáil Martin Regan 3,468 9.9
Labour Party Robert Burke 2,753 7.9
Electorate: ?   Valid: 35,030   Quota: 8,758   Turnout:

1937 general election[edit]

1937 general election: Galway East[3]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Frank Fahy Automatically returned N/A 1
Fianna Fáil Patrick Beegan 7,978 23.5 2
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea, Snr 8,067 23.80 3
Fine Gael Seán Broderick 5,867 17.3 4
Fine Gael Patrick Cawley 4,275 12.6
Fianna Fáil Stephen Jordan 4,033 11.9
Labour Party Robert Burke 3,672 10.8
Electorate: ?   Valid: 33,892   Quota: 8,474   Turnout:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286. 
  3. ^ a b "General election 1937: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  4. ^ As Ceann Comhairle, Frank Fahy was returned automatically in each of the four elections held in Galway South from 1937 to 1944.
  5. ^ a b "General election 1938: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "General election 1943: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  7. ^ a b "General election 1944: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "General election 1961: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "By-election 1964: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "General election 1965: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "General election 1977: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "General election 1981: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  13. ^ a b "General election February 1982: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "By-election 1982: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  15. ^ a b "General election November 1982: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  16. ^ a b "General election 1987: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  17. ^ a b "General election 1989: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  18. ^ a b "General election 1992: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  19. ^ a b "General election 1997: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  20. ^ a b "General election 2002: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  21. ^ a b "General election 2007: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 24 February 2009. 
  22. ^ a b "General election 2011: Galway East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 27 February 2011. 
  23. ^ The Irish Times, 15 June 1981, p10–14
  24. ^ The Irish Times, 20 June 1977, p7–10

External links[edit]