Gama, Federal District
|Administrative Region of
Localization of Gama in Federal District
|Founded||October 12, 1960|
|• Regional administrator||Márcio Palhares de Oliveira|
|• Total||276,34 km2 (10,670 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,000 m (3,000 ft)|
|• Density||4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|Postal Code (CEP)||72400-000|
|Area code(s)||+55 61|
In August 1746, a pioneer called Antônio Bueno de Avezedo left Paracatu, state of Minas Gerais leading a large group to the northwest. After having going through rivers, tablelands and large brooks, on August 13 he arrived at a brook where he found gold. So, he decided to found a village, which he named “Santa Luzia”, paying homage to the saint of the day. This brook was known as “Rio Vermelho” (Red River), as its waters were all loamy due to gold washing. Santa Luiz village became what today is Luziânia, state of Goiás. In the beginning of 1747 the first clergyman, Luís da Gama Mendonça, arrived at Santa Luiz, under request of Bueno. It’s supposed that, paying homage to the clergyman, the large brook was baptized as “Gama”. The lands that today compose the Administrative Division of Gama, in which the satellite city of Gama is located, belonged to some farms.
When the capital of Brazil was transferred to the upcountry, the lands that belonged to the farms were dispossessed by the government of Goiás, between 1956 and 1958, under the responsibility of a Commission organized to transfer the capital of Brazil, having as its president Altamiro de Moura Pacheco. The headquarters of a farm called “Gama” was close to the Catetinho (first official residence of Juscelino Kubitschek), nevertheless the city was settled 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) away from its reference point. So, president of the republic Juscelino Kubitschek visited the Farm Gama on October 2, 1956, his first visit to the region where the new capital would be built. The city, just like the others, was created to shelter people resident in invasions or provisional shelters. And it was the solution found to shelter people that would work on Brasília’s construction, emerging then the called “satellite citys”, in accordance with the law no. 3,751, created on April 13, 1960. An architect called Paulo Hungria, in May 1960, developed the blueprint of the city, which would have the form of a beehive, dividing it in five sectors: North, South, East, West and Centre. The Centre Sector (for trade activities) was not so detailed due to future needs. Notwithstanding, engineer José Maciel de Paiva, by order of mayor Israel Pinheiro (ex-president of Novacap), was in charge to settle a pioneer nucleus and promote the first transferences, initiated from September 1960 on. He was assisted by another engineer, José Carlos Godoy, by an inspector, Agnelo Dias Correia (who together with his wife are considered the first inhabitants of the city) and by a master-builder, Joaquim Santana and others. The initial settlement was carried out by removing 30 families resident in the “Barragem do Paranoá”, in 1960. Later, the city received a great part of the residents of “Vila Amaury” and “Vila Planalto”. In 1970, the inhabitants settled in the Industry Sector of Taguatinga were transferred.
- "Pesquisa Distrital por Amostra de Domicílios - 2010/2011" (in Portuguese). Codeplan. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
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