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Gamaliel Bailey (December 3, 1807 – June 5, 1859) was an American journalist, editor and publisher, working primarily in Cincinnati, Ohio and Washington, DC; an abolitionist, he supported journalism that promoted the cause, persisting despite violent mob attacks on his offices in both cities during the 1840s.
In 1831, Bailey moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he set up a medical practice. He also lectured on physiology at the Lane Theological Seminary. Attending the Lane Seminary debates in February 1834 between pro-slavery and the anti-slavery students, he became an ardent abolitionist. The anti-slavery students withdrew from the seminary in protest for its refusal to condemn slavery.
In 1836, Bailey joined James G. Birney in the editorial control of the Philanthropist; the following year he succeeded Birney as editor. He directed the paper in publishing anti-slavery articles until 1847, in spite of threats and acts of violence–the printing office of the Philanthropist was wrecked three times by pro-slavery mobs.
Beginning in 1843, Bailey also edited a daily paper, the Herald. In 1847 he assumed control of the new abolitionist publication, the National Era, in Washington, D.C. His offices were attacked by pro-slavery mobs; in 1848, he and his printers were under siege for three days as a mob held them hostage. This paper had a considerable circulation nationally. In 1851—1852, it published Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, in serial form.
In 1859 Bailey died at sea in the course of a trip to Europe. He was 51.
- Folsom, Joseph Fulford; and Ogden, Mary Depue. Cyclopedia of New Jersey biography, memorial and biographical, p. 321, American Historical Society, 1921. Accessed March 1, 2011. "Gamaliel Bailey, an early advocate of slave abolition doctrines, was born at Mount Holly, New Jersey, Dece,ber 3rd, 1807. His parents removed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when he was nine years old."
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bailey, Gamaliel". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press