Raban Gamliel VI

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Rabbinical Eras

Gamaliel VI (ca. 370 – ca. 425) was the last nasi of the ancient Sanhedrin.

Gamaliel came into office around the year 400. On 17 October 415, an edict issued by the Emperors Honorius and Theodosius II deposed Gamaliel as nasi[1] because he had disregarded an earlier decree by Honorius, which had curtailed his privileges and the ban on the building of new synagogues and had adjudicated disputes between Jews and Christians.

Gamaliel probably died in 425, as the Codex Theodosianus mentions an edict from the year 426, which transformed the patriarch's tax into an imperial tax after the death of the patriarch. Theodosius did not allow the appointment of a successor and in 429 terminated the Jewish patriarchate.[2]

Gamliel appears to have been a physician. Marcellus Empiricus, a medical writer of the fifth century, mentioned that "for the spleen there is a special remedy which was recently demonstrated by the patriarch Gamaliel on the basis of approved experiments."[3][4]

Preceded by
Judah IV
Nasi
c. 400 - 415
Succeeded by
office abolished

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Graetz, Heinrich (1898). History of the Jews 2. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. 
  • Pharr, Clyde (1952). The Theodosian Code and Novels and the Sirmondian Constitutions. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 
  • Niedermann, Maximillian; Liechtenhan, Eduard, eds. (1968). Marcelli De Medicamentis Liber. Corpus Medicorum Latinorum 5 (2nd ed.). Berlin: Akademie Verlag. 
  • van der Horst, Pieter Willem (2002). "The Last Jewish Patriarch(s) and Graeco-Roman Medicine". Japheth in the Tents of Shem: Studies on Jewish Hellenism in Antiquity. Contributions to Biblical Exegesis & Theology 32. Leuven: Peeters Publishers.