Gambrinus Liga

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Gambrinus Liga
Gambrinusliga.png
Country  Czech Republic
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1993
Number of teams 16
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Czech 2. Liga
Domestic cup(s) Czech Cup
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions FC Viktoria Plzeň
Most championships AC Sparta Prague (11 titles)
TV partners ČT, Nova,
Website www.gambrinusliga.cz
2013–14 Gambrinus liga

The Gambrinus liga is a Czech professional league for football clubs. At the top of the Czech football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. It is contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the Czech 2. Liga. Seasons run from August to May, with teams playing 30 games each. It is sponsored by Pilsner Urquell Brewery, and is therefore officially known as the Gambrinus liga, after Gambrinus, one of the best-selling beers in the Czech Republic. The league is currently ranked 17th in Europe in the UEFA league rankings.

The history of the Czech football Liga began at the end of the 20th century. It was reorganized for the 1993/1994 season, after the dissolution of former Czechoslovakia and therefore of the Czechoslovak League. Having won more than half of league titles, Sparta Prague are the most successful team in Gambrinus liga history. Other clubs who have won the title are Slavia Prague, Slovan Liberec, Baník Ostrava and Viktoria Plzeň.

Competition format[edit]

Competition[edit]

There are 16 clubs in the 1. Liga. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 30 games. In the inaugural season, two points were awarded for a win, before switching to three points for a win in 1994.[1] Teams receive one point for a draw and no points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, in the case of two or more teams finishing with equal points, the head-to-head record between the teams is used for ranking, counting points in relevant games, then goal difference and then goals scored. The two lowest placed teams are relegated to the Czech 2. Liga.

European qualification (as of 2012–13)[edit]

  • 1st place: Second qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League
  • 2nd place: Second qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League.
  • 3rd place: Second qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League.
  • Czech Cup winner: Third qualifying round of the UEFA Europa League, regardless of league position.
    • If the Cup winner qualifies for European competition through the league, the Cup winner's place in the Europa League goes to the defeated Cup finalist if it is not already qualified for European competition.
      • If both Cup finalists qualify for the European competition through the league, an extra Europa League berth is granted to the highest finisher in the Gambrinus liga not already qualified for Europe.
  • An additional place in the Europa League may also be granted via the UEFA Fair Play mechanism. This rule was maintained from the UEFA Cup. The last (and, as of 2012, only) Gambrinus liga team to gain entry to the UEFA Cup via the fair play rule was Sigma Olomouc in 2002–03.[2]

The number of Czech clubs which may participate in UEFA competitions is determined by UEFA coefficients, which take into account the results of a particular nation's clubs in UEFA competitions over the preceding five years.

Participating teams in 2013–14[edit]

The following 16 clubs are competing in the 2013–14 Gambrinus liga.

Club Stadium Capacity 2012–13 Position
1. FC Slovácko Městský stadion 8,121 9th
1. FK Příbram Na Litavce 9,100 11th
1. SC Znojmo Městský stadion (Brno) 12,550 2.L 1st
AC Sparta Prague Generali Arena 19,784 2nd
FC Baník Ostrava Bazaly 17,372 14th
Bohemians 1905 Ďolíček 7,500 2.L 2nd
FC Slovan Liberec Stadion u Nisy 9,900 3rd
FC Viktoria Plzeň Stadion ve Štruncových sadech 11,700 1st
FC Vysočina Jihlava Stadion v Jiráskově ulici 4,075 10th
FC Zbrojovka Brno Městský stadion (Brno) 12,550 13th
FK Baumit Jablonec Stadion Střelnice 6,280 4th
FK Dukla Prague Stadion Juliska 8,150 6th
FK Mladá Boleslav Městský stadion 5,000 8th
FK Teplice Na Stínadlech 18,221 12th
SK Sigma Olomouc Andrův stadion 12,566 5th
SK Slavia Prague Synot Tip Arena 21,000 7th

Sponsorship[edit]

Since 1993, the league has been sponsored.[citation needed] The sponsor is able to determine the league's sponsorship name. Since 1997 the league has been sponsored by Plzeňský Prazdroj, a. s. and been known as the Gambrinus liga.[3] In 2008, the sponsorship was extended until the end of the 2013–14 season.[4] The list below details who the sponsors have been and what they called the competition:

Champions[edit]

Gambrinus liga trophy

Year By Year[edit]

Season Champions Runner-up Third Place Top Goalscorer Club
1993–94 Sparta Prague (1) Slavia Prague Baník Ostrava Czech Republic Horst Siegl (20) Sparta Prague
1994–95 Sparta Prague (2) Slavia Prague FC Brno Czech Republic Radek Drulák (15) Drnovice
1995–96 Slavia Prague (1) Sigma Olomouc Jablonec Czech Republic Radek Drulák (22) Drnovice
1996–97 Sparta Prague (3) Slavia Prague Jablonec Czech Republic Horst Siegl (19) Sparta Prague
1997–98 Sparta Prague (4) Slavia Prague Sigma Olomouc Czech Republic Horst Siegl (13) Sparta Prague
1998–99 Sparta Prague (5) Teplice Slavia Prague Czech Republic Horst Siegl (18) Sparta Prague
1999–00 Sparta Prague (6) Slavia Prague Drnovice Czech Republic Vratislav Lokvenc (21) Sparta Prague
2000–01 Sparta Prague (7) Slavia Prague Sigma Olomouc Czech Republic Vítězslav Tuma (15) Drnovice
2001–02 Slovan Liberec (1) Sparta Prague Viktoria Žižkov Czech Republic Jiří Štajner (15) Slovan Liberec
2002–03 Sparta Prague (8) Slavia Prague Viktoria Žižkov Czech Republic Jiří Kowalík (16) 1. FC Synot
2003–04 Baník Ostrava (1) Sparta Prague Sigma Olomouc Czech Republic Marek Heinz (19) Baník Ostrava
2004–05 Sparta Prague (9) Slavia Prague Teplice Czech Republic Tomáš Jun (14) Sparta Prague
2005–06 Slovan Liberec (2) Mladá Boleslav Slavia Prague Slovakia Milan Ivana (11) FC Slovácko
2006–07 Sparta Prague (10) Slavia Prague Mladá Boleslav Czech Republic Luboš Pecka (16) Mladá Boleslav
2007–08 Slavia Prague (2) Sparta Prague Baník Ostrava Czech Republic Václav Svěrkoš (15) Baník Ostrava
2008–09 Slavia Prague (3) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec Croatia Andrej Kerić (15) Slovan Liberec
2009–10 Sparta Prague (11) Jablonec Baník Ostrava Czech Republic Michal Ordoš (12) Sigma Olomouc
2010–11 Viktoria Plzeň (1) Sparta Prague Jablonec Czech Republic David Lafata (19) Jablonec
2011–12 Slovan Liberec (3) Sparta Prague Viktoria Plzeň Czech Republic David Lafata (25) Jablonec
2012–13 Viktoria Plzeň (2) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec Czech Republic David Lafata (20) Jablonec / Sparta Prague

Performance by Club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years
Sparta Prague
11
6
1993–94, 1994–95, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2009–10
Slavia Prague
3
9
1995–96, 2007–08, 2008–09
Slovan Liberec
3
0
2001–02, 2005–06, 2011–12
Viktoria Plzeň
2
0
2010–11, 2012–13
Baník Ostrava
1
0
2003–04
Sigma Olomouc
0
1
Teplice
0
1
Mladá Boleslav
0
1
Jablonec
0
1

Regions[edit]

The following table lists the Czech football champions by region.

Region Titles Winning Clubs
 Prague
14
Sparta Prague (11), Slavia Prague (3)
 Liberec
3
Slovan Liberec (3)
 Plzeň
2
Viktoria Plzeň (2)
 Moravia-Silesia
1
Baník Ostrava (1)

Attendance[edit]

Year By Year[edit]

Season Total Average Highest Home Av. Club
1993–94 1,116,885 4,653 23,111 9,501 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1994–95 1,380,060 5,750 34,770 20,523 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1995–96 1,225,755 5,107 26,872 12,283 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1996–97 1,710,045 7,125 44,120 21,659 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1997–98 1,477,515 6,156 31,730 15,365 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1998–99 1,447,875 6,033 24,400 13,207 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1999–00 1,433,355 5,972 23,800 11,280 SFC Opava
2000–01 1,091,882 4,549 16,350 7,718 Sigma Olomouc
2001–02 1,113,325 4,722 16,300 7,490 Baník Ostrava
2002–03 935,927 3,899 18,228 6,175 Sparta Prague
2003–04 1,158,523 4,827 20,032 15,376 Baník Ostrava
2004–05 921,658 3,840 15,419 8,028 Baník Ostrava
2005–06 980,633 4,085 20,318 7,211 Sparta Prague
2006–07 1,173,869 4,891 20,565 11,848 Sparta Prague
2007–08 1,237,660 5,156 20,698 11,022 Baník Ostrava
2008–09 1,119,410 4,664 20,500 11,971 Slavia Prague
2009–10 1,177,014 4,924 19,370 10,766 Sparta Prague
2010–11 1,073,690 4,473 18,873 8,665 Sparta Prague
2011–12 1,130,540 4,710 18,299 10,322 Sparta Prague
2012–13 1,151,464 4,797 19,410 10,046 Viktoria Plzeň

[5]

Managers[edit]

Name Club Appointed
Czech Republic Uhrin, Jr., DušanDušan Uhrin, Jr. Viktoria Plzeň 17 December 2013
Czech Republic Kozel, LubošLuboš Kozel Dukla Prague 14 December 2009
Czech Republic Šilhavý, JaroslavJaroslav Šilhavý Slovan Liberec 6 June 2011
Czech Republic Weber, JozefJozef Weber Bohemians 1905 7 March 2012
Czech Republic Kalvoda, LeošLeoš Kalvoda Znojmo 1 June 2012
Czech Republic Lavička, VítězslavVítězslav Lavička Sparta Prague 1 June 2012
Czech Republic Habanec, SvatoplukSvatopluk Habanec Slovácko 20 August 2012
Czech Republic Jarolím, KarelKarel Jarolím Mladá Boleslav 3 January 2014
Czech Republic Ščasný, ZdeněkZdeněk Ščasný Teplice 2 October 2012
Czech Republic Skuhravý, RomanRoman Skuhravý Jablonec 5 May 2013
Czech Republic Psotka, ZdeněkZdeněk Psotka Sigma Olomouc November 2013
Czech Republic Kotal, VáclavVáclav Kotal Brno 3 September 2013
Czech Republic Koubek, MiroslavMiroslav Koubek Slavia Prague 18 September 2013
Czech Republic Komňacký, FrantišekFrantišek Komňacký Baník Ostrava December 2013
Czech Republic Čuhel, PetrPetr Čuhel Příbram 4 November 2013
Czech Republic Rada, PetrPetr Rada Vysočina Jihlava 26 November 2013

All time Gambrinus Liga table[edit]

1993/94 - 2012/13

Pos Team Seasons Matches Wins Draws Defeats GF GA GD Points
1 AC Sparta Prague 20 600 374 127 99 1107 470 637 1249
2 SK Slavia Praha 20 600 309 164 127 967 556 411 1091
3 FC Slovan Liberec 20 600 269 170 161 821 615 206 971
4 SK Sigma Olomouc 20 600 241 165 194 761 652 109 879
5 FC Banik Ostrava 20 600 218 182 200 809 725 84 836
6 FK Baumit Jablonec 19 570 217 161 192 723 656 67 812
7 FK Teplice 17 510 198 150 162 643 569 74 744
8 FC Zbrojovka Brno 19 570 197 148 225 685 735 -50 739
9 FC Viktoria Plzen 16 480 179 129 172 623 601 22 666
10 SK Dynamo Ceske Budejovice 17 510 146 146 218 522 726 -204 584
11 FK Viktoria Žižkov 14 420 144 106 170 478 509 -31 538
12 1. FK Pribram 15 450 135 124 191 471 585 -114 529
13 FK Drnovice 10 300 114 67 119 392 398 -6 409
14 FK Mlada Boleslav 9 270 111 71 88 379 330 49 404
15 1. FC Slovácko 11 330 104 90 137 350 397 -47 389
16 FC Hradec Kralove 12 360 91 88 103 319 498 -179 376
17 Bohemians 1905 11 330 88 154 166 315 478 -163 352
18 FC Tescoma Zlin 10 300 84 87 129 271 388 -117 339
19 FK Chmel Blsany 8 240 67 63 110 255 350 -95 264
20 SFC Opava 8 240 63 64 113 260 354 -94 247
21 SK Kladno 4 120 28 30 62 99 173 -74 114
22 FK Hvězda Cheb 3 90 29 26 35 95 121 -26 113
23 FK Dukla Praha 3 90 23 30 37 111 140 -29 99
24 FK Banik Most 3 90 19 30 41 96 140 -44 87
25 FC Vysocina Jihlava 2 60 13 26 21 56 78 -22 65
26 MFK Karvina 2 60 12 12 36 53 105 -52 48
27 FK Bohemians Praha (Strizkov) 2 60 14 8 38 60 111 -51 35
28 FK Usti nad Labem 1 30 4 7 19 22 67 -45 19
29 FC JOKO Slovacka Slavia Uherske Hradiste 1 30 3 8 19 19 65 -46 17
30 FC Vitkovice 1 30 3 7 20 22 64 -42 16
31 SK Benesov 1 30 3 3 24 23 78 -55 12
32 AFK Atlantic Lázně Bohdaneč 1 30 2 5 23 18 61 -43 11

[6]

Point deductions:

  • 2004-05: 1. FC Slovacko -12
  • 2004-05: SFC Opava -6
  • 2004-05: Slovan Liberec -6
  • 2009-10: Bohemians Praha -15
  • 2011-12: Sigma Olomouc -9

UEFA league coefficient ranking[edit]

(As of 27 February 2014)[7]

Rank League Points
13 Switzerland Swiss Super League 31.625
14 Austria Austrian Football Bundesliga 30.325
15 Czech Republic Gambrinus liga 28.100
16 Romania Liga I 27.257
17 Israel Israeli Premier League 26.875

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Recap: Red Cards, TV Woes, Goodbye Dukla". Prague Post. 3 August 1994. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Roundup". Prague Post. 5 June 2002. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Gambrinus zůstává u fotbalu dalších šest let". fotbal.cz (in Czech). 28 July 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Gambrinus liga se bude hrát dalších šest let". idnes.cz (in Czech) (Mladá fronta DNES). 28 July 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  5. ^ http://historiegambrinusligy.cz/historie/93-94.html
  6. ^ http://www.gambrinusliga.cz/historicka-tabulka.html
  7. ^ http://www.uefa.com/memberassociations/uefarankings/country/index.html

External links[edit]