Game design is the design of games. It is the art of elaborating rules and mechanics to facilitate interaction between players for playful, educational or simulation purposes. Game design can be applied to different media, such as board games, card games, casino games, role-playing games, video games, war games or to itself, an example of metadesign. It is scientifically underpinned in game studies and to a lesser extent in game theory.
Board games [ edit ]
Board games like
mancala or chess are hundreds or thousands of years old; yet in the case of chess new variants are developed constantly, to focus on certain aspects of the game, or just for variation's sake. A modern adaptation of figure games are miniature wargames like . Traditional boardgames like Warhammer 40,000 date from the 19th or early 20th century. A recent development in modern board game design is the increased popularity of " Monopoly German-style board games", or "Eurogames".
Card games [ edit ]
The design of card games is constricted by the type of the
deck of cards, like Tarot or the four-suited Latin decks. Card games can be played for fun, like Go Fish, or for profit like Poker.
A sub-type of wargames are
was the first Magic: The Gathering collectible card game (or "trading card game") in 1993.
Casino games [ edit ]
The central aim of casino game design is to optimise the
house advantage and maximise revenue from gamblers.
Role-playing games [ edit ]
Gary Gygax designed the first role-playing game, , in 1974. Dungeons & Dragons
Video game design [ edit ]
An important aspect of video game design is
human-computer interaction. They also come with many sub-catogories from Massive Multiplayer Online Games to Massive Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games
War game design [ edit ]
The first military war games, or
Kriegsspiel, were designed in Prussia in the 19th century to train staff officers. They are also played as a hobby for entertainment.
Modern war games are designed to test
doctrines, strategies and tactics in full scale exercises with opposing forces at venues like the NTC, JRTC and the JMRC, involving NATO countries.
References [ edit ]
Complete Kobold Guide to Game Design. Open Design LLC 2012. ISBN 978-1936781065 Burgun, Keith.
Game Design Theory: A New Philosophy for Understanding Games. Publisher: A K Peters/CRC Press 2012. ISBN 978-1466554207 Costikyan, Greg.
Uncertainty in Games. MIT Press 2013. ISBN 978-0262018968 Elias, George Skaff.
Characteristics of Games. MIT Press 2012. ISBN 978-0262017138 Hofer, Margaret.
The Games We Played: The Golden Age of Board & Table Games. Princeton Architectural Press 2003. ISBN 978-1568983974 Huizinga, Johan.
Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-Element in Culture. Beacon Press 1971. ISBN 978-0807046814 Kankaanranta, Marja Helena.
Design and Use of Serious Games (Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering). Springer 2009. ISBN 978-9048181414. Norman, Donald A.
The Design of Everyday Things. Basic Books 2002. ISBN 978-0465067107. Peek, Steven.
The Game Inventor's Handbook. Betterway Books 1993. ISBN 978-1558703155 Peterson, Jon.
Playing at the World. Unreason Press 2012. ISBN 978-0615642048. Schell, Jesse.
The Art of Game Design: A book of lenses. CRC Press 2008. ISBN 978-0123694966 Salen Tekinbad, Katie.
Rules of Play: Game Design Fundamentals. The MIT Press 2003. ISBN 978-0262240451. Tinsman, Brian.
The Game Inventor's Guidebook: How to Invent and Sell Board Games, Card Games, Role-Playing Games, & Everything in Between! Morgan James Publishing 2008. ISBN 978-1600374470 Woods, Stewart.
Eurogames: The Design, Culture and Play of Modern European Board Games. McFarland 2012. 978-0786467976