Gamma Eridani (γ Eri, γ Eridani) is a star in the constellation Eridanus. It has the traditional name Zaurak, which means "the boat." [2 ]
Chinese, 天苑 ( Tiān Yuàn), meaning , refers to an asterism consisting of γ Eridani, Celestial Meadows δ Eridani, π Eridani, ε Eridani, ζ Eridani, η Eridani, π Ceti, τ, 1 Eridani τ, 2 Eridani τ, 3 Eridani τ, 4 Eridani τ, 5 Eridani τ, 6 Eridani τ, 7 Eridani τ and 8 Eridani τ. 9 Eridani Consequently, γ Eridani itself is known as [3 ] 天苑一 ( Tiān Yuàn yī, English: the First Star of Celestial Meadows.) [4 ]
Structure [ edit ]
Zaurak has an
apparent magnitude of +2.95 and is of spectral type M0.5IIICa-ICr -. As determined by the Hipparcos astrometry satellite, [5 ] it lies at a distance of about 150 [6 ] light years from Earth.
Coordinates (equinox 2000):
Namesakes [ edit ]
USS Zaurak (AK-117) was a United States Navy Crater class cargo ship named after the star.
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d SIMBAD, Gamma Eridani (accessed 2012-03-20)
^ Star Name - R.H. Allen p. 218
^ (Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
^ (Chinese) 香港太空館 - 研究資源 - 亮星中英對照表, Hong Kong Space Museum. Accessed on line November 23, 2010.
^ Perryman, M. A. C.; Lindegren, L.; Kovalevsky, J. et al. (July 1997), "The Hipparcos Catalogue", Astronomy and Astrophysics 323: L49–L52, Bibcode: 1997A&A...323L..49P
^ Perryman, Michael (2010), The Making of History's Greatest Star Map, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-11602-5