Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||15h 56m 27.2s|
|Declination||+15° 39′ 42″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||3.85|
|Spectral type||F6 V|
|U−B color index||-0.03|
|B−V color index||+0.48|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||7 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: +311.2 mas/yr
Dec.: -1,282.17 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||89.92 ± 0.72 mas|
|Distance||36.3 ± 0.3 ly
(11.12 ± 0.09 pc)
|Mass||1.30 ± 0.15 M☉|
|Radius||1.55 ± 0.05 R☉|
|Luminosity||3.02 ± 0.09 L☉|
|Surface gravity (log g)||4.23|
|Temperature||6,350 ± 310 K|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||−0.19 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||10.2 km/s|
Gamma Serpentis (γ Serpentis, γ Ser) is a star in the constellation Serpens, in its head (Serpens Caput). It was a member of indigenous Arabic asterism al-Nasaq al-Sha'āmī, "the Northern Line" of al-Nasaqān "the Two Lines", along with β Her (Kornephoros), γ Her (Hejian, Ho Keen) and β Ser (Chow).
According to the catalogue of stars in the Technical Memorandum 33-507 - A Reduced Star Catalog Containing 537 Named Stars, al-Nasaq al-Sha'āmī or Nasak Shamiya were the title for three stars :β Ser as Nasak Shamiya I, γ Ser as Nasak Shamiya II, γ Her as Nasak Shamiya III (exclude β Her). The star was later given the proper name Ainalhai, from the Arabic عين الحية ‘Ayn al-Ḥayyah "the Serpent's Eye".
In Chinese, 天市右垣 (Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán), meaning Right Wall of Heavenly Market Enclosure, refers to an asterism which is represent eleven old states in China which is marking the right borderline of the enclosure, consisting of γ Serpentis, β Herculis, γ Herculis, κ Herculis, β Serpentis, δ Serpentis, α Serpentis, ε Serpentis, δ Ophiuchi, ε Ophiuchi and ζ Ophiuchi. Consequently, γ Serpentis itself is known as 天市右垣四 (Tiān Shì Yòu Yuán sì, English: the Fourth Star of Right Wall of Heavenly Market Enclosure), represent the state Zheng (鄭) (or Ching), together with 20 Capricorni in Twelve States (asterism).
Gamma Serpentis is a yellow-white F-type main sequence dwarf with an apparent magnitude of +3.85. Occasionally Gamma Serpentis is listed as having two 10th magnitude companions, but it appears that these stars are just optical neighbours. The Gamma Serpentis system is approximately 36.3 light years from Earth.
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