Gammel Holtegård

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Gammel Holtegård
Gammel Holtegaard 2011.jpg
General information
Architectural style Baroque
Town or city Holte
Country Denmark
Coordinates 55°49′44″N 12°31′03″E / 55.8289°N 12.5175°E / 55.8289; 12.5175Coordinates: 55°49′44″N 12°31′03″E / 55.8289°N 12.5175°E / 55.8289; 12.5175
Construction started 1755
Completed 1757
Client Architect's own use
Design and construction
Architect Lauritz de Thurah

Gammel Holtegård is a former country house in Rudersdal Municipality north of Copenhagen, Denmark, today operated as an art exhibition space. It was built by the Danish Baroque architect Lauritz de Thurah for his own use in 1757. Its original Baroque gardens were reconstructed in 2003.

History[edit]

In 1755 Lauritz de Thurah acquired an agricultural property, a former tenant farn, in order to establish a suitable country house for himself outside Copenhagen. Simultaneously he was also building a town house for himself in Amaliegade in Copenhagen's new Frederiksstaden district, the responsibility of which he had been assigned after Nicolai Eigtved's death the previous year. Prior to that, he had lived some years at his Børgum Estate to which he had retired when his Baroque style fell out of favour and most of the prestigious assignments in the capital went to Eigtved.

To begin with he demolished the old farmhouse and laid out a large garden à la française with symmetrical plantings of fruit trees and flowering plants, bounded by lime tree avenues. When the new buildings were completed, it included farm buildings and a royal privileged inn.

The house was completed in 1757. It was a single-storey, three-winged building with a hip roof topped by a flèche. Lauritz de Thurah had the two clocks specially cast for the building. The estate also included agricultural buildings and a royal privileged inn. However, de Thurah died just two years after his new house was completed.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the estate was owned by Hans Niels Andersen, founder of the East Asiatic Company. He conducted a thorough restoration of the main building with the assistance of the architect Vilhelm Holck. Holch also added a frontispiece to the main wing.[1]

In 1976 Søllerød Municipality, now part of Rudersdal Municipality, acquired the main building and after an Europa Nostra-awarded adaption into an exhibition space from 1979–83, Gammel Holtegård opened to the public in 1982. In 1994 Gammel Holtegård was taken over by a foundation which now owns and operates the place.[1]

Architecture and gardens[edit]

From the outside, the main building appears largely as it did when it was completed in 1757, save the frontispiece added in 1900. The Baroque gardens were reconstructed in 2004. The lime tree avenues are those originally planted by de Thurah. A group of beech trees of an unusual cultivar with palmately lobed leaves is also from his day.

Gammel Holtegård today[edit]

Gammel Holtehård is mainly a venue for temporary exhibitions. It also houses a local historic archive and a collection of Stone Age findings from nearby Vedbæk.

The agricultural buildings and most of the land was sold off in 1897. It was acquired by Søllerød Municipality in 1934 and has since 1975 been used for a golf course among other things.[1]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gammel Holtegård". Gyldendal. Retrieved 2010-01-23.