The Gandaberunda (also known as the Berunda) is a two-headed mythological bird of Hindu mythology thought to possess magical strength. It is used as the official emblem by the Karnataka government and it is seen as an intricately sculptured motif in Hindu temples.
The bird is generally depicted as clutching elephants in its talons and beaks demonstrating its immense strength. In a coin (kasu) found in Madurai, its shown holding a snake in its beak. All 2-dimensional depictions show a symmetrical image similar to the Double-headed_eagle, other images show the long tail feathers resembling a peacock which is the national bird of India.
After Narasimha had slain demon Hiranyakashipu, through the taste of blood, Narasimha did not let go of his dreadful form. Demigods were even more afraid of the supreme lord now, than before of the demon. Shiva, the best friend of Vishnu, thus incarnated himself as Sharabha, a part-lion and part-bird beast. With his wings, representing Goddess Durga and Kali, he embraced Narasimha and pacified him. But out of Narasimha (Vishnu) emerged an even more fearful form: Gandaberunda, having two heads, fearful rows of teeth, black in complexion and with wide blazing wings. The destructive energy of Narasimha (Vishnu) in the form of the two-headed bird, began to fight fiercely with Sharabha (Shiva) for eighteen days. After the eighteenth day, Narasimha (Vishnu) was finally able to overcome his infinite fierce energy, and regained control over it. In order to save the universe from Vishnu and Shiva's fiercest forms (Berunda and Sharabha), Vishnu stopped the fight, and Sharabha easily tore apart the two-headed bird. Narasimha (Vishnu) himself displayed now his peace, and Shiva finally transformed back in his usual form.
An alternative ending is that Sharabha (Shiva) manifested the goddess Durga, who devoured the bird.
However, the motive of Lord Shiva as Sharabha was to pacify the ferocious Narasimha avatar of Lord Vishnu. Keeping this very motive as central, Sharabha succeeds in pacifying the Lion avatar, by subduing the energies of Vishnu which at that point of time were manifested as Narasimha and Berunda. The very purpose of Sharabha was to bring a sense of calm and well-being to the three worlds which were frightened by Narasimha.
A roof sculpture depicting a Gandaberunda is found on the roof of the Rameshwara temple in the temple town of Keladi in Shimoga District(now Shivamogga). The Gandaberunda was used by the Wodeyar dynasty of Mysore as the Royal emblem. The Karnataka Government adopted this symbol as the state symbol and can be found on bus terminals and tickets issued by Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation. Coins(Gold pagoda or gadyana) from the rule of Achyuta Deva Raya are thought to be the first to use the Gandaberunda on currency. 
Historically it has been used in the crests and official seals of the:
- Keladi Chiefs
- Nandyalas (Vijayanagara Empire)
- Gobburis (Vijayanagara Empire)
- Wodeyars of Mysore
State emblem of Karnataka, India
- "Mystical Bird Gandaberunda". Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- Ganesh Coins of Tamilnadu, 13.48
1.Brahma took the avatar of Gandaberunda & not vishnu[clarification needed]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gandaberunda.|
- "Evolution of Gandabherunda"-article by S. Srikanta Sastri
- A unique sculpture of Gandaberunda or berunda from Balligavi: