Gandara, Samar

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Gandara
Municipality
Gandara Poblacion.jpg
Official seal of Gandara
Seal
Map of Samar with Gandara highlighted
Map of Samar with Gandara highlighted
Gandara is located in Philippines
Gandara
Gandara
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°01′N 124°49′E / 12.017°N 124.817°E / 12.017; 124.817Coordinates: 12°01′N 124°49′E / 12.017°N 124.817°E / 12.017; 124.817
Country Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Samar
Congr. district 1st district of Samar
Barangays 69
Government[1]
 • Mayor Eufemio Delos Santos Oliva
Area[2]
 • Total 573.49 km2 (221.43 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 31,943
 • Density 56/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6706
Dialing code 55

Gandara is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Samar, Philippines. According to the 2010 Philippine Census, it has a population of 31,943.[3] The town was formerly named Bangahon, but its population was resettled to its current location on September 29, 1902. After settling in its new location, the name Gandara was given to it in commemoration of the former Governor General José de la Gándara y Navarro.

Current Weather[edit]

From Accuweather.communications, click here

History[edit]

Gandara's colonial past is evident from the solitary watchtower, the Friars returned after the remaining crew of Magellan came back from Spain, and situated along the Village called Dapdap and their Shrine called Tinago in 1596, and created a Cabecera called Catbalogan, and the Bangahon Church, the relics of the church and fragmented artworks. Townspeople quarried the stones from Napalisan cliff or scree carried to Dapdap and then formed and constructed the Tinago Shrine and the church from what they called Galut or a sticky clay used to make a pot or in a pottery business in Bangahon for the church of Bangahon. These are remants from the old Gandara, named Bangahon due to its geographical location in the forked of the Gandara River. "Guin babanga han wala ug too nga salug". The book Conquestas de las Islas Filipinas by San Agustin the Bangahon states it was already a Pueblo or town in 1729, and was made a parish by the Spanish Jesuits Missionaries with St. Michael the Archangel as patron saint.

The Eighteenth Century ended with Bangahon at the height of abundance and prosperity being a trading center complemented with its fertile soil producing plentiful and ample harvest every year. However, when the American battleships landed at Calbayog on February 9, 1900, the municipal officials of Bangahon burned their town to avoid being captured by American soldiers. The problem of where to build a new town was solved during a conference of July 25, 1901, at barrio San Pelayo wherein Dumalo-ong was unanimously chosen due to its ideal location being at the center and midway of the left river, right river and downstreams barrios. Furthermore, the site was located almost halfway between Calbayog City and Catbalogan City. Gandara's foundation anniversary is February the 29th.

Established in 1902 and named after the surname of Spanish Governor General José de la Gándara y Navarro, the first captain was Jose Dionesio Mendiola, who died during the year's cholera epidemic and replaced by Jose Piczon on June 15, 1902, serving until June 15, 1903. Succeeded by Ramon Mendiola (1903–1906) who was remembered for celebrating the first Gandara town fiesta on September 29, 1903. From the year 1907, town executives were called Presidents. During World War II, there are two Mayors in this municipality, Filadelfo Aliman for the Japanese Government and Teodoro Bisnar for the Philippine Government the Pulahanes.

The town's new poblacion was built on some six hectares of farmland donated by Martino Reyes. The donation was executed on January 12, 1909. The school site covered by certificate of title no. 95 dated July 20, 1912, and that of the parish under lot no. 146-CAD-444-D dated August 31, 1976, further supported by an extra judicial donation dated March 20, 1908.

Article 960 dated October 23, 1903, transferred the jurisdiction of barangays Bangon, Buenas Aires, Calanyugan, Cambaye, San Luis, Pangi and Pagsanghan to the Municipality of Tarangnan.

In December 6, 1978, Pagsanghan and San Jorge were created as a new municipalities out of Gandara.

Baranggays[edit]

Barangays of Gandara

Gandara is politically subdivided into 69 barangays, listed here with its Philippine Standard Geographic Code.[2]

  • Adela Heights (Pob.) - 000094
  • Arong - 000095
  • Balocawe - 000002
  • Bangahon - 000093
  • Beslig - 000006
  • Burabod I - 000008
  • Burabod II (Poblacion) - 000009
  • Buao - 000010
  • Bunyagan - 000014
  • Calirocan - 000018
  • Canhumawid - 000020
  • Caparangasan - 000023
  • Caranas - 000024
  • Carmona - 000025
  • Casab-ahan - 000026
  • Casandig - 000027
  • Catorse De Agosto (Pob.) - 000096
  • Caugbusan - 000028
  • Concepcion - 000029
  • Diaz - 000097
  • Dumalo-ong (Poblacion) - 000031
  • Elcano - 000032
  • Gerali - 000034
  • Gereganan - 000098
  • Giaboc - 000035
  • Hampton - 000039
  • Hetebac - 000099
  • Himamaloto - 000100
  • Hinayagan - 000041
  • Hinugacan - 000042
  • Hiparayan (Kinonongan) - 000101
  • Jasminez - 000044
  • Lungib - 000048
  • Mabuhay - 000049
  • Macugo - 000050
  • Malayog - 000102
  • Marcos (Epay) - 000092
  • Minda (Poblacion) - 000052
  • Nacube - 000054
  • Nalihugan - 000055
  • Napalisan - 000056
  • Natimonan - 000057
  • Ngoso - 000058
  • Palambrag - 000059
  • Palanas - 000060
  • Pinaplata - 000061
  • Pizarro - 000062
  • Pologon - 000063
  • Purog - 000064
  • Rawis - 000067
  • Rizal - 000068
  • Samoyao - 000070
  • San Agustin - 000071
  • San Antonio - 000072
  • San Enrique - 000073
  • San Francisco - 000074
  • San Isidro (Dao) - 000076
  • San Jose - 000078
  • San Miguel - 000079
  • San Pelayo - 000080
  • San Ramon - 000081
  • Santa Elena - 000082
  • Santo Nino - 000083
  • Senibaran (Villa Leona) - 000085
  • Sidmon - 000103
  • Tagnao - 000087
  • Tambongan - 000088
  • Tawiran - 000090
  • Tigbawon - 000091

Geographics[edit]

Gandara is strategically located on the western coast of the province of Samar, in the Eastern Visayas region (Region VIII). It is bounded to the west by the municipalities of Santa Margarita and City of Calbayog, to the southwest by the municipality of Pagsanghan, to the north by Matuguinao and to the east by the municipality of San Jose de Buan. The Pan-Philippine Highway (Maharlika Highway) now called 1 Asian Highway 26 traverses Gandara at Kilometer Post 763 and 764 from Baranggay Tambongan at Kilometer Post 754 from Lunetas Kilometer Zero road to the north to Baranggay San Agustin at Kilometer Post 768 road to the south. Catbalogan City is about 37 kilometres southeast of Gandara, and 763 kilometers from Luneta, Maniula, the capital of the Philippines.

Area (Hectares) Percent
Area Below 100m Elevation 29,953.983 60.60%
Area 100m to 200m Elevation 10,683.023 21.60%
Area 200m to 300m Elevation 2,969.738 6.00%
Area 300m to 400m Elevation 2,101.837 4.30%
Area 400m to 500m Elevation 1,966.722 4.00%
Area 500m to 600m Elevation 860.920 1.70%
Area 600m to 700m Elevation 271.645 0.50%
Area 700m and above Elevation 0.232 0.01%

Land use[edit]

  • Agricultural
    • Cultivated: 6,567.4352 Hectares (13.28%)
    • Uncultivated: 18,005.7802 Hectares (32.42%)
  • Built-Up Area: 583.3246 Hectares (1.18%)
  • Grass Land: 4,142.00 Hectares (8.38%)

Sub-ground use[edit]

Aquatic use[edit]

  • Wetland: 1,013.87 Hectares (2.05%)
  • Seas and Rivers

The Gandara River is the major river flowing through the municipality with the coverage of Napalisan Seas.

Others[edit]

  • Reservation: 19,129.59 Hectares (38.69%)

Soil Types[edit]

Soil Type Area in Hectares  % Total
Catbalogan Clay 34,241 69.25%
Faraon Clay 8,426 17.04%
Bigaa Loam 5,126 10.37%
San Miguel Clay Loam 892 1.10%
Hydrosol 542 1.10%
San Miguel Loam 215 0.43%

Flood Prone Areas[edit]

Area in Hectares  % Total
Torrential Flooding 356 0.72%
Extreme Flooding 12,064 24.40%
Moderate Flooding 4,972 10.06%
Mild Flooding 6,879 13.91%
No Flooding 25,171 50.91%

Erosion Potential[edit]

Area in Hectares  % Total
No Apparent Erosion 12,419.8304 25.12%
Slightly Eroded 5,023.3072 10.16%
Moderately Eroded 6,877.3822 13.91%
Severely Eroded 8,835.2854 17.87%
Extremely Eroded 16,286.1948 32.94%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Gandara
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 23,673 —    
1995 27,263 +2.68%
2000 28,866 +1.23%
2007 31,222 +1.09%
2010 31,943 +0.83%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]

Based on latest 2014 survey, the total population was 33,264, consisting of 17,046 males and 16,218 females. The number of households was 6,653, with an average household size of 4.87 persons and a density of 68/km2. Built-up Area population density at town proper 6,652 along Carline Area is 4,992, Coastal Area is 5,751 and Rural Area is 5,748.

Energy and Water[edit]

Energy[edit]

Number Percent in Total
With Hydro Electricity  ??%a  ??%a
Without Electricity 2655 46.51%
Number Percent in Total
With Solar Electricity 2  ??%a
Without Electricity 2655 46.51%
Number Percent in Total
With Geothermal Electricity 3053 53.49%a
Without Electricity 2655 46.51%

Water[edit]

Household with Main Source of Water Supply

Number Percent in Total
Owned Water System 108 1.64%
Shared Water System 2591 39.56%
Owned Deep Well 55 0.84%
Shared Deep Well 866 13.22%
Owned artesian Well 23 0.35%
Shared Artesian Well 1150 17.55%
Owned Shallow Well 11 0.17%
Shared Shallow Well 33 0.51%
River, Stream, Spring 999 15.25%
Bottled Water 399 6.10%
Peddler 259 3.95%
Other Sources 57 0.87%

Average of Water Demand/Requirement per Month: (Source:click here)

12 Cubic Meters per mOnth

Transportation[edit]

Gandara can be reached from Manila or Tacloban City by land, air or sea.

Air[edit]

Currently, no commercial flights to Gandara are available. However, the Calbayog City Airport is accessible to private and charter jets from Manila, Cebu and other destinations.

River[edit]

The Port or called rumpi of Gandara is classified as a municipal port and managed by the Municipal Officials of the town. It is a major port that can handle passengers and cargoes to and from Matuguinao and Pagsanghan including riverside barrios. Bankeros or river boat which is manually driven/propelled by a saddle (Bugsay) traverses the Old Maharlika Road Ferry Route.

Land[edit]

Bus transit is the dominant public land transport to Catbalogan City from Manila or Tacloban City passing Gandara through the Pan-Philippine Highway (Maharlika Highway)now called 1 Asian Highway 26. The public mode of transportation within Gandara is by tricycles or pedicabs and passenger jeeps.

VSGRANDTours - Catbalogan City-based company providing transportation services to GANDARA and from major cities and towns in Samar and Leyte provinces. With fixed routes: Catbalogan to Tacloban, Catbalogan to Calbayog, Tacloban to Ormoc, etc.

Bus companies that ply the 24-hour Manila-Zamboanga City route or the south road including the 2-hour ferry from Matnog, Sorsogon to Allen, Northern Samar and 2 hour Liloan-Lipata ferry terminal that traverses Gandara are the following:

Del Monte Land Transport Bus (DLTB) CUL Transport Eagle Star Transit Corp. Goldline Tours Philtranco Silver Star Ultra Bus

Communication[edit]

Postal Service[edit]

ZIP Code 6706

Office Employee/s Mail Courrier
Philippine Postal Office 2 1

Posted Mails 3,104 mails per year

Delivered Mails 24,071 mails per year

Telecommunication Services[edit]

Wired Communication Service

West-Samar Telecoms Incorporated (PLDT) (Main:Calbayog City)

107 Subscribers

Wireless Networks

Globe:Covering 26 Barrios

Smart:Covering 35 Barrios

Economy[edit]

Income:

  • Maximum Household Income: Php 22,552.16/month
  • Minimum Household Income: Php 1,436.50/month
  • Average Household Income: Php 5,366.25/month
  • Average Farm Household Income: Php 2,159.30/month
  • Poverty Threshold: Php 8,484.68/month
  • Poverty Incidence: 94.21%

Employment:

  • Employment Rate: 470 per 1,000 Population
  • Major Fields of Employment
    • Agriculture and Forestry: 21.06%
    • Mining and Quarrying: 0.06%
    • Manufacturing: 2.47%
    • Construction: 1.10%
    • Electrical, Gas and Water: 0.07%
    • Transportation, Etc.: 1.24%
    • Trade: 12.05%
    • Finance, Dwelling and Real Estate: 0.07%
    • Community, Social and Personal: 4.97%
    • Other not adequately defined: 4.92%

The Internal Revenue Allotment for Gandara was PHP 28,202,218 as of 2006.

Agriculture[edit]

Area Planted (Hectares) Farm Household Involved Annual Production (MT)
Rice Irrigated 147.88 83 828.13
Rice Rainfed 1,297.11 1,148 4,280.45
Rice Upland 977.66 1,139 1,173.20
Corn 436.52 899 1,091.04
Leafy Vegetable 46.17 333 184.67
Fruit Vegetable 67.41 498 337.06
Sweet Potato 209.80 845 734.30
Cassava 238.01 899 833.04
Gabi 345.85 1019 1,210.47
Ubi 114.69 346 401.40
Banana 457.82 1,601 6,768.53
Abaca 338.92 496 576.16
Coconut 2,021.13 1,395 1,263.21
Jackfruit 252.15 1,109 806.87
Mango 76.80 367 153.60
Lanzones 116.27 325 290.68
Other Fruits 213.76 618 384.78
Coffee 11.48 35 20.66
Cacao 164.33 811 328.67

Social Profile[edit]

Education and Literacy[edit]

Number of Persons Attended Schools 11,304
Number of Persons Attended in Public Schools 10,999
Number of Persons Attended in Private Schools 305
No Grade Completed 2,047
Elementary Graduate 1,138
High School Graduate 1,368
College Graduate 1,059
Post Graduate 38

Number of Persons Involved in an Organizations: 1,509

Nutrition Status[edit]

Above Normal:284

Normal:4,214

Below Normal (Moderate):39

Below Normal (Severe):9

Health[edit]

Number of Households availed Medical Treatment:2,307

Married couple who are still reproductive:2,242

Arts and Festival[edit]

Kiseyo

The town of Gandara is noted for its Kiseo, Kalinayan, Tableya, Pulahanes, Lingganay, Bangahon Church Ruins, the Wacthtower.

Gandara's Carabao Festival is a colorful festival that includes street dancing and celebrates the varied usefulness of the carabao in the farming activities of Gandareno peasants although the word Gandara from their Coat of Arms is a Gander "a duck" Mayors are apologizing the Coat of Arms of the late Jose dela Gandara y Navarro where they are now thru this webpage.

It is also a homage to catholic St. Michael the Archangel to pay tribute to the Spanish colonization, the patron saint of the townspeople.

Enchantment and Studies[edit]

The sub-River Rock formation or SCREE of Gandarenos called Correche Beach is somewhat they called mystical and if you are a Historian, Geologist or a Geographer you will be challenged with the flow of the river origins how would it be formed.[5]

Municipal Officials[edit]

Elected[edit]

Source: lgugandarasamar.gov.ph

Municipal Mayor Eufemio Delos Santos Oliva
Municipal Vice-Mayor Jonathan Yulo Isanan

Sangguniang Bayan Members

Municipal Councilor Raul Ynto Bucatcat
Municipal Councilor Beatriz Oliva Romo
Municipal Councilor Robert Diodoco Dy
Municipal Councilor Beatriz D. Alvarez
Municipal Councilor Gamor Llacer Saripada
Municipal Councilor Felomina R. Cabuenos
Municipal Councilor Rey Cinco Bernales
Municipal Councilor Orlando Doroja Estrelles
League of Baranggays Councilor Rex. M. Delector

Appointed[edit]

Mayor's Office Salvador Geroca Tan Staff 13
Vice-Mayor's Office Jonathan Yulo Isanan Staff 15
Sangguniang Bayan Office Pilar Velarde Delector Staff 13
Human Resource and Management Office Maximo Arcos(Designated) Staff 3
Municipal Planning and Development Center Manuel Felix Volfanggo Yangzon Staff 3
Local Civil Registry Office Marilou Tan Cac Staff 3
General Services Office Maximo A. Arcos Staff 17
Municipal Budget Office Perpetua Magpayo Gabon Staff 4
Municipal Accounting Office Illuminada Baldo De Guia Staff 11
Municipal Treasury Office Arsenio Uy Aliman Staff 19
Municipal Assessment Office Salvador T. Tan Jr.Officer In Charge Staff 9
Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office Lydia Tan Badiola Staff 10
Municipal Health Office Dr. Criselda Tiston Aguilar Staff 16
Municipal Aquatic and Agriculture Office Adelfa Uy Gabejan (OfficerInCharge) Staff 14
Municipal Engineering Office Consorcio Volfanggo Ricalde Jr. Staff 9

Total Numbers of Local Government Unit of Gandara Officials and Registered Employees : 184

Total Numbers of Contractual Employee : 6

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Samar (Western Samar)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province of Western Samar". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  5. ^ https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BwZByOnqXPIaRE9oMGdNN1BTVGc/edit?usp=sharing

Gandara Municipal Planning and Development Officer: Mr. Manuel Felix V. Yangzon

External links[edit]