Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Gander, Newfoundland)
Jump to: navigation, search
Gander
Town
Official seal of Gander
Seal
Coat of arms of Gander
Coat of arms
Motto: "Volet Gander"  (Latin)
"May Gander soar"
Gander is located in Newfoundland
Gander
Gander
Location of Gander in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 48°57′25″N 54°36′32″W / 48.95694°N 54.60889°W / 48.95694; -54.60889
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division Division No. 6, Newfoundland and Labrador
Settled 1936
Incorporated 1958
Government
 • Type Gander Town Council
 • Mayor Claude Elliot
Area
 • Total 104.25 km2 (40.25 sq mi)
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 11,054
 • Density 106.0/km2 (275/sq mi)
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Postal code span A1V
Area code(s) 709
Highways Route 1, Route 330
Website Town of Gander (official site)

Gander is a Canadian town located in the northeastern part of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Gander Bay, 100 km (62 mi) south of Twillingate and 90 km (56 mi) east of Grand Falls-Windsor. Located on the northeastern shore of Gander Lake, it is the site of Gander International Airport, formerly an important refuelling point for transatlantic aircraft, and, to this day, a preferred stopping point for transatlantic aircraft that need to land because of on-board medical or security emergencies.

Most of the streets in Gander are named after famous aviators, including Amelia Earhart, Alcock and Brown, Charles Lindbergh, Eddie Rickenbacker, Marc Garneau and Chuck Yeager.[2]

History[edit]

Gander was chosen for the construction of an airport in 1935 because of its location close to the northeast tip of the North American continent. In 1936, construction of the base began, and the town started to develop. On January 11, 1938, Captain Douglas Fraser made the first landing at "Newfoundland Airport", now known as Gander International Airport, or "CYQX", in a single-engine biplane, Fox Moth VO-ADE.

During the Second World War, as many as 10,000 Canadian, British and American military personnel resided in Gander. The area became a strategic post for the Royal Air Force Air Ferry Command, with approximately 20,000 American- and Canadian-built fighters and bombers stopping at Gander en route to Europe. After the war, the airbase became a civilian airport, and the location of the town was moved a safe distance from the runways. Construction of the present town site began in the 1950s, and the present municipality was incorporated in 1958; the settlement around the airport was eventually abandoned.[3]

After the Second World War, the town grew as the airport was used as a refuelling stop for transatlantic flights, earning its name "Cross-roads of the world". Efforts have been made to diversify the economy from being dependent on the airport, particularly as new aircraft designs permitted longer-range flights without the need for landing to refuel.

Gander was the site of a major aircraft accident, Arrow Air Flight 1285, on December 12, 1985. 256 people were killed in the disaster, making it the deadliest air crash to happen in Canada.

Gander International Airport played an integral role in world aviation in the hours immediately following the September 11 attacks when all of North America's airspace was closed by Transport Canada and the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). As part of Operation Yellow Ribbon, 38 civilian and 4 military flights bound for the United States were ordered to land at the airport—more flights than any Canadian airport other than Halifax International. More than 6,600 passengers and airline crew members, equivalent to 66 percent of the local population—third highest number of passengers, behind Vancouver International, which received 8,500, and Halifax—found themselves forced to stay in the Gander area for up to six days until airspace was reopened and flights resumed. Residents of Gander and surrounding communities volunteered to house, feed, and entertain the travelers in what became known as Operation Yellow Ribbon. This was largely because Transport Canada and NAV CANADA asked that transatlantic flights avoid major airports in central Canada, such as Lester B. Pearson in Toronto and Montréal-Dorval.

Subsequently, Lufthansa named one of its Airbus A340 aircraft Gander/Halifax to thank both cities for their handling of rerouted travellers on September 11. In addition, a book called The Day The World Came to Town was published by Reagan Books, and several stories and segments about Gander's role during that and subsequent days have been featured on various educational and news programs. A radio play, The Day the Planes Came by Caroline and David Stafford, dealt with the effect on Gander of the September 11 passengers. The play was first broadcast in June 2008 on BBC Radio 4, and was repeated in October 2009.[4] A TV movie, Diverted, was made in 2009. In February 2010, NBC aired a report by Tom Brokaw on Gander's role in the displacement of hundreds of planes on 9/11 during their coverage of the Olympic Games in Vancouver. The broadcast showed the generosity and warm-heartedness of the town as it helped each passenger on that day.

The Town of Gander continues to play an important role in aerospace and Gander has retained an experienced United States Representative[clarification needed] to attract and retain valid business opportunities in the aerospace industry.

In May 2007, MoneySense ranked Gander as the 10th best place to live in Canada. The magazine ranked communities strictly by crunching numbers relating to 12 measurable factors including weather, real estate values, income levels, unemployment rates, discretionary income, murder rates and signs of prosperity such as the percentage of late-model vehicles.

Demographics[edit]

According to Statistics Canada 2011 census, the current population of the town of Gander is 11,054, an 11.1% increase from 2006. There are a total of 4,751 private dwellings and the town's total area is 104.25 km2 (40.25 sq mi), with a population density of 106.0 /km2 (275 /sq mi).

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1961 5,725 —    
1981 10,404 +81.7%
1991 10,339 −0.6%
1996 10,364 +0.2%
2001 9,651 −6.9%
2006 9,951 +3.1%
2011 11,054 +11.1%
[5][6]
Visible minorities and Aboriginal population
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[7]
South Asian 10 0.1
Chinese 15 0.2
Black 50 0.5
Filipino 0 0
Latin American 0 0
Southeast Asian 10 0.1
Arab 10 0.1
West Asian 10 0.1
Korean 0 0
Japanese 0 0
Mixed visible minority 0 0
Other visible minority 0 0
Total visible minority population 85 0.9
Aboriginal group
Source:[7]
First Nations 70 0.7
Métis 30 0.3
Inuit 10 0.1
Total Aboriginal population 165 1.7
White 9,435 97.4
Total population 9,685 100

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gander International Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex 16.5 13.4 17.5 24.8 29.6 37.0 40.4 39.0 34.6 29.8 25.7 18.0 40.4
Record high °C (°F) 14.2
(57.6)
13.4
(56.1)
18.1
(64.6)
22.6
(72.7)
28.3
(82.9)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96.1)
33.3
(91.9)
29.1
(84.4)
24.7
(76.5)
20.6
(69.1)
15.2
(59.4)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −3.1
(26.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
0.2
(32.4)
5.6
(42.1)
12.0
(53.6)
17.1
(62.8)
21.6
(70.9)
21.1
(70)
16.4
(61.5)
9.9
(49.8)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.6
(47.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
−3.9
(25)
1.6
(34.9)
7.0
(44.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.3
(61.3)
16.2
(61.2)
11.9
(53.4)
6.3
(43.3)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.2
(39.6)
Average low °C (°F) −11.0
(12.2)
−11.3
(11.7)
−8.0
(17.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.9
(35.4)
6.1
(43)
11.0
(51.8)
11.3
(52.3)
7.4
(45.3)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
Record low °C (°F) −27.2
(−17)
−31.1
(−24)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−17.6
(0.3)
−8.9
(16)
−2.8
(27)
0.6
(33.1)
−1.1
(30)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.2
(19)
−15.7
(3.7)
−26.1
(−15)
−31.1
(−24)
Wind chill −43.4 −46.7 −44.7 −29.1 −16.7 −8.7 0.0 0.0 −6.5 −14.9 −28.0 −40.2 −46.7
Precipitation mm (inches) 111.9
(4.406)
104.6
(4.118)
112.6
(4.433)
94.8
(3.732)
89.8
(3.535)
88.3
(3.476)
95.4
(3.756)
104.2
(4.102)
114.8
(4.52)
114.1
(4.492)
113.0
(4.449)
126.7
(4.988)
1,270.2
(50.008)
Rainfall mm (inches) 26.7
(1.051)
26.4
(1.039)
29.5
(1.161)
51.0
(2.008)
77.9
(3.067)
85.7
(3.374)
95.4
(3.756)
104.2
(4.102)
114.7
(4.516)
102.3
(4.028)
75.2
(2.961)
48.9
(1.925)
837.8
(32.984)
Snowfall cm (inches) 95.8
(37.72)
84.3
(33.19)
85.9
(33.82)
42.2
(16.61)
10.7
(4.21)
2.0
(0.79)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
11.2
(4.41)
37.3
(14.69)
82.4
(32.44)
451.9
(177.91)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.5 18.4 19.6 17.6 18.4 16.8 17.1 15.8 16.8 20.1 20.2 21.9 223.2
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 6.7 6.8 9.5 12.0 16.9 16.8 17.1 15.8 16.8 18.9 14.2 10.6 162.0
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 18.8 16.2 15.9 10.6 4.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 4.0 11.0 17.8 99.2
 % humidity 73.1 69.6 67.7 66.2 63.4 62.9 62.6 62.5 66.0 71.4 76.0 79.0 68.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 93.7 105.4 117.2 130.5 163.2 183.7 218.7 208.1 148.5 110.4 72.6 72.4 1,624.2
Percent possible sunshine 34.6 36.8 31.9 31.8 34.5 38.0 44.8 46.7 39.2 32.9 26.3 28.1 35.5
Source: [8]

Services[edit]

Gander offers all the conveniences of a major centre. The newest development is a continually-expanding business park with big box stores such as Walmart and Kent Building Supplies. There are two malls: the Gander Mall, with stores such as Canadian Tire, SportChek, Dollarama, Claire's, Pseudio, Eclipse, and Nan's Pantry and the Fraser Mall with a Foodland (Sobey's), Buddytoad Comics, and various government offices. Town Square at the intersection of Elizabeth Drive and Airport Boulevard has several local businesses, including Riff's, and a Co-op grocery store.

All five major Canadian banks have branches in Gander. TD Canada Trust and RBC Royal Bank are located in Town Square, CIBC at the Fraser Mall, as well as Bank of Montreal and Scotiabank on Airport Boulevard and Roe Avenue, respectively. There are two credit unions Newfoundland and Labrador Credit Union and Hamilton Sound Credit Union both on Roe Avenue.

Medical services are provided by the James Paton Memorial Health Centre, on the Trans-Canada Highway. The hospital opened in May 1964 and has undergone many changes since then, making it a prominent hospital in the central region. The hospital has a rated beds capacity of 92.[9]

Telephone services are provided by Bell Aliant, formerly NewTel Communications. Bell Aliant also provides DSL high-speed internet service and is bringing FibreOp high-speed internet to the community. Rogers Communications is the cable TV and cable internet provider for the town. Cellular phone service is also available through Telus, its subsidiary Koodo, and Bell's Virgin Mobile.

The Gander Public Library is currently located at 6 Bell Place as of 1987.

Planetary nomenclature[edit]

In 1991, the International Astronomical Union's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (IAU/WGPSN) officially named a crater on Mars after Gander. Gander Crater lies at latitude 31.5° south, longitude 265.9° west; its diameter is 38 kilometres.[10][11]

Public parks, walking and ski trails[edit]

  • Cobbs Pond Rotary Park: a small park located within the heart of the Gander. Amenities include: picnic area, washrooms, wharf, playground and a 3km boardwalk trail. It is also the site of the town’s annual festival, The Festival of Flight, which occurs on the first Monday of August. The site recently reopened with renovations.
  • Thomas Howe Demonstration Forest: an interpretive demonstration forest located 2km east of Gander on the TCH. Amenities include: three walking trails with interpretive panels, a picnic area, washrooms and snowshoe trails.
  • The Old Town Site: meander through the streets of the old town site near Gander International Airport. Look for remnants of old building foundations, benches and interpretive panels.
  • Newfoundland Trailway: the old Canadian National Railway that passed through Gander has been developed for walking, biking, snowmobiling and cross-country skiing. Some sections between Cobb’s Pond Rotary Park and the Old Town Site have been paved.
  • The Airport Nordic Ski Club: located 3km west of Gander, Newfoundland & Labrador on the Trans Canada Highway. The club has 16km of trails groomed for both diagonal stride and skating by a Pisten Bully Groomer, and 5.5km of dedicated snowshoe trails. Ski 4km of lighted trails nightly from dusk until 10 PM (weather and snow conditions permitting). The club is a non-profit, volunteer-run organization, deeply rooted in the community of Gander and the surrounding area. The Club strives to maintain a fun, family-oriented environment, and the club organizes many activities and programs including family fun days, socials and fundraising events, Jack Rabbit ski program, and the Gander Invitational. In addition the club has hosted a number of provincial events including the KidsFest, Midget and High School Championships.
  • Gander Heritage Memorial Park: a park planned to be located in central Gander on Airport Boulevard. It is planned to hold various monuments to aviators and soldiers from Gander and from elsewhere in Newfoundland, and the town describes it as being "envisaged as a place of quiet thought and contemplation".[12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°57′25″N 54°36′32″W / 48.95694°N 54.60889°W / 48.95694; -54.60889