Western part of the Gandhamardan Mountains as visible from Paikmal Side.
|Elevation||3,250 ft (991 m)|
|Prominence||3,250 ft (991 m)|
|Location||Bargarh District, Orissa, India|
|Easiest route||Drive, Trekking|
Gandhamardan Hills or Gandhamardan parbat is a hill located in between Balangir and Bargarh district of Orissa. This hill is well known for medicinal plants. There is a Bauxite reserve which is planned for exploration by the State Govt. with private venture.
This hill also has a lot of historic importance as it was once a seat of Buddhist culture. Till to date many ruins found on the plateau at the hilltop. According to mythology, Lord Hanuman carried this hill on his shoulders from Himalayas to save the life of Lakshman. At northern slope of this hill the Nrusinghanath Temple is located; whereas on the southern slope of this hill is the famous Harishankar Temple located.
Glowing tributes is paid to Hiuen T’sang, the champion Chinese traveler, who was attracted by the scenic splendour of Gandhamardan, during his tour to Dakhin Kosal (part of which is current Chhatishgarh and the bewitching colourful zone of Western Orissa). He has spoken of the flowering Buddhist University of PARIMALGIRI (po-lo-mo-lo-ki-li), which had its campus on the picturesque Gandhamardan hills.
The Gandhamardan mountain ranges are a rich source of diversity for medicinal plants. The Botanical Survey of India has reported the existence of 220 plant species of medicinal value. Local people, however, claim that there are more than 500 species of medicinal plants in this area. The flora of the buffer zone is most vulnerable. Many medicinal plant species such as Clerodendron indicum, Rauvolfia serpentina and Plumbago zeylanica, which were once available in plenty, have become scarce. A study recorded 2,700 angiosperms and 125 species of important medicinal plants, out of a total of 220 species of medicinal and quasi-medicinal and economically vital plants.
Such is its richness in medicinal plants that more than 100 traditional healthcare practitioners live in and around the Gandhamardan hills. These practitioners provide medical facilities to about 50,000 tribal people. There are two ayurvedic colleges and hospitals on both side of Gandhamardan — one in Bargarh district and the other in Balangir.
Local people have great faith in ayurvedic practitioners and in many villages, their main occupation is to collect herbs and supply them to companies such as Dabur and Zandu. Some of these villages include Khandijharan, Manbhang, Magurmal and Cherenga jhanj. A study conducted by M Brahma and H O Saxena of the Regional Research Laboratory recorded the medicinal uses of nearly 200 species, out of which they found the uses of 77 to be new or "interesting'.