Gandhi Jayanti

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Gandhi Jayanti
Observed by India
Significance Honours Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's role in Indian Independence.
Observances Community, historical celebrations.
Date 2 October
Next time 2 October 2014 (2014-10-02)
Related to Republic Day
Independence Day

Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated in India to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the "Father of the Nation". The United Nations General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.[1]

Background[edit]

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated yearly on 2 October. It is one of the three official declared National Holidays of India, and is observed in all of its states and union territories. The other two are Independence Day (15 August) and Republic Day (26 January).

Gandhi Jayanti is marked by prayer services and tributes all over India, especially at Raj Ghat, Gandhi's memorial in New Delhi where he was cremated. Popular celebration includes prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies in different cities by colleges, local government institutions and socio-political institutions. Painting and essay competitions are conducted and best awards are granted for projects in schools and the community[2] on themes of glorifying peace, non-violence and Gandhi's effort in Indian Freedom Struggle. Gandhi's favourite devotional song, Raghupathi Raghava Rajaram, is usually sung in memory of him.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Introduction of the draft resolution on International Day of Non-Violence". United Nations. 
  2. ^ "Gandhi Jayanti". Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 15 April 2006. 
  3. ^ "Several programmes mark Gandhi Jayanti celebrations in Mysore". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 November 2006. 

External links[edit]