Gandhinagar (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Gandhinagar (Lok Sabha constituency)
Existence 1967–present
Current MP L. K. Advani
Party Bharatiya Janata Party
Elected Year 2014
State Gujarat
Total Electors 1,733,972[1]
Most Successful Party Bharatiya Janata Party (9 times)
Assembly Constituencies Gandhinagar Uttar, Kalol, Sanand, Ghatlodiya, Vejalpur, Naranpura, and Sabarmati.[2]

Gandhinagar Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 26 Lok Sabha (lower house of Indian Parliament) constituencies in Gujarat, a state in western India. It first held elections in 1967 and its first member of parliament (MP) was Somchandbhai Solanki of the Indian National Congress (INC). Solanki represented the Indian National Congress (Organisation) party for the next elections in 1971 and was re-elected. In the 1977 election, Purushottam Mavalankar (son of the first Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar) of the Janata Party was elected.[3] Mavalankar was defeated in the next election in 1980 by INC candidate, Amrit Mohanal Patel. G. I. Patel also of the INC was elected in 1984. Since 1989, this constituency has been represented by a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Shankersinh Vaghela won the 1989 election and the next election saw L. K. Advani elected in 1991. Atal Bihari Vajpayee won this seat in 1996 but chose to resign it so that he could represent Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh.[4] This forced a by election which was won by Vijay Patel, who defeated among other candidates, film actor Rajesh Khanna (INC).[5] As of 2014, Advani represents this constituency having won five consecutive elections since 1998. The most successful party in this constituency is the BJP whose members have been elected nine times out of the fourteen elections held as of 2014.

Assembly segments[edit]

As of 2014, Gandhinagar Lok Sabha constituency comprises seven Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) segments. These are:[2]

Assembly Segment No Name of Assembly Seat Reserved for
36 Gandhinagar Uttar None
38 Kalol None
40 Sanand None
41 Ghatlodiya None
42 Vejalpur None
45 Naranpura None
55 Sabarmati None

Members of Parliament[edit]

Former Deputy Prime Minister L. K. Advani has represented this constituency since 1998[6]
Lok Sabha Duration Member Party
Fourth 1967–71 Somchandbhai Solanki Indian National Congress
Fifth 1971–77 Somchandbhai Solanki Indian National Congress (Organization)
Sixth 1977–80 Purushottam Mavalankar Janata Party
Seventh 1980–84 Amrit Patel Indian National Congress (Indira)
Eighth 1984–89 G. I. Patel Indian National Congress (Indira)
Ninth 1989–91 Shankersinh Vaghela Bharatiya Janata Party
Tenth 1991–96 Lal Krishna Advani Bharatiya Janata Party
Eleventh 1996–96 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
1996–98 Vijay Patel Bharatiya Janata Party
Twelfth 1998–99 Lal Krishna Advani Bharatiya Janata Party
Thirteenth 1999–2004 Lal Krishna Advani Bharatiya Janata Party
Fourteenth 2004–09 Lal Krishna Advani Bharatiya Janata Party
Fifteenth 2009–14 Lal Krishna Advani Bharatiya Janata Party
Sixteenth 2014–Incumbent Lal Krishna Advani Bharatiya Janata Party

Election results[edit]

General election 1967[edit]

Indian general election, 1967: Gandhinagar[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Somchandbhai Solanki 156,148 46.87 N/A
RPI K. U. Parmar 126,308 37.91 N/A
Independent S. J. Makwana 50,702 15.22 N/A
Margin of victory 29,840 8.96 N/A
Turnout 354,758 68.75 N/A
INC win (new seat)

General election 1971[edit]

Indian general election, 1971: Gandhinagar[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
NCO Somchandbhai Solanki 139,417 47.61 N/A
INC N. K. Makwana 135,915 46.42 -0.45
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) Karshndas Ukabhai Parmar 11,979 4.09 N/A
Independent Narendrabhai Nagardas Desai 5,499 1.88 N/A
Margin of victory 3,502 1.19 -7.77
Turnout 303,113 54.13 -14.62
NCO gain from INC Swing

General election 1977[edit]

Indian general election, 1977: Gandhinagar[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Janata Party Purushottam Mavalankar 221,967 57.41 N/A
INC Govindbhai C. Patel 161,850 41.86 -4.56
Independent Jaydev Desai 2,812 0.73 N/A
Margin of victory 60,117 15.55 +14.36
Turnout 394,699 63.69 +9.56
Janata Party gain from INC Swing

General election 1980[edit]

Indian general election, 1980: Gandhinagar[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC Amrit Mohanal Patel 241,694 54.45 +12.59
Janata Party Purushottam Mavalankar 192,477 43.36 -14.05
Independent Gohil Manilal Varubhai 3,357 0.76 N/A
Independent Chimanbhai Amin 3,036 0.68 N/A
Independent Daridranarayan Sharma 2,129 0.48 N/A
Independent Singrotiya Muljibhai Mohanbhai 1,171 0.26 N/A
Margin of victory 49,217 11.09 -4.46
Turnout 454,433 57.39 -6.30
INC gain from Janata Party Swing

General election 1984[edit]

Indian general election, 1984: Gandhinagar[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC G. I. Patel 250,126 46.84 -7.61
Janata Party Indubhai Chaturbhai Patel 247,372 46.33 +2.97
Independent R. P. Parmar 6,762 1.27 N/A
Independent Thakor Fulsinh Jugatsinh 6,089 1.14 N/A
Independent Zaveri Sureshbhai Saubhagyachand 5,490 1.03 N/A
Independent B. H. Yadav 2,593 0.49 N/A
Independent M. J. Trivedi 2,460 0.46 N/A
Independent Anilbhai Dolatram 1,780 0.33 N/A
Independent Induprasad Kacchia 1,779 0.33 N/A
Independent Haribhai Keshavlal Rathod 1,721 0.32 N/A
Independent Laxmanbhai Dhirubhai Pattani 1,637 0.31 N/A
Doordarshi Party Bipin C. Desai 1,301 0.24 N/A
Independent Umedbhai Chhotabhai Patel 1,270 0.24 N/A
Independent Gupta Harikrishn Shivcharn 959 0.18 N/A
Independent Patel Rameshbhai Shankarlal Sabalpuryala 807 0.15 N/A
Independent Ratilal Chhaganbhai Patel 601 0.11 N/A
Independent Chimanbhai H. Gokalpura 468 0.09 N/A
Independent Shankarbhai Visdas Patel 434 0.08 N/A
Independent Mursinh Mohansinh Singrotiya 314 0.06 N/A
Margin of victory 2,754 0.51 -10.58
Turnout 554,174 59.62 +2.23
INC hold Swing

General election 1989[edit]

Indian general election, 1989: Gandhinagar[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Shankersinh Vaghela 495,383 66.22 N/A
INC Kokila Vyas 226,891 30.33 -16.51
All India Dalit Muslim Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh Nilamben Rajnikant 10,181 1.36 N/A
Independent Pradyotkumar Kripashankar Pandit 2,928 0.39 N/A
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) Vanol Manganbhai Kalidas 1,792 0.24 N/A
Doordarshi Party Pandya Kamleshbhai Balkrishan 1,659 0.22 -0.02
Gujarat Janta Parishad Pandy Pardumanbhai Dahyabhai 1,577 0.21 N/A
Independent Naginbhai Dantani (Deviputra) 1,240 0.17 N/A
Independent B. H. Yadav 1,097 0.15 -0.34
Independent Dahyabhai Mohanlal Patel 783 0.10 N/A
Independent Umedbhai Chhotabhai Patel 755 0.10 -0.14
ABJS Biharilal Chunilal Sharma 721 0.10 N/A
Independent Pathan Mohmad Yusuf Mohmad Sidiq 693 0.09 N/A
Independent Thakore Rameshbhai Karshanji 639 0.09 N/A
Independent K. P. Vora 596 0.08 N/A
Independent Shaikh Mohmad Shakil Janmohmad 379 0.05 N/A
Independent Pathan Shaifulla Rahmadkhan 292 0.04 N/A
Independent Patel Ramanlal Vithaldas 279 0.04 N/A
Independent Vyas Manharkumar Ramniklal 233 0.03 N/A
Margin of victory 268,492 29.89 +29.38
Turnout 763,015 57.87 -1.75
BJP gain from INC Swing

General election 1991[edit]

Indian general election, 1991: Gandhinagar[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP L. K. Advani 356,902 57.97 -8.25
INC G. I. Patel 231,223 37.56 +7.23
Janata Party Sendhaji Thakor 6,635 1.08 N/A
Independent Purushottam Mavalankar 4,757 0.77 N/A
Janata Dal Dixit Narendra 4,441 0.72 N/A
Socialist League of India Satyandranath (Moni) Chaturvedi 1,920 0.31 N/A
Yuva Vikas Party Ajmeri Rafik Jamalbhai 1,210 0.20 N/A
Independent Parikh Mahesh Amrutlal 1,190 0.19 N/A
Independent Dabhi Gopalji Chhaguji 1,144 0.19 N/A
Independent Ramubhai Manilal Patni 809 0.13 N/A
Doordarshi Party Kamlesh B. Pandya 498 0.08 -0.14
Independent Shah Nagindas Chimanlal 479 0.08 N/A
Independent Pradeep Sagar 459 0.07 N/A
ABJS Kanani Purushottambhai Devjibhai 432 0.07 -0.03
Independent Prajapati Ramanbhai Ramabhai 416 0.07 N/A
Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Das B. H. Yadav 411 0.07 N/A
Independent Yagnik Bechardas Govindram 409 0.07 N/A
Independent Lallubhai Bhikhabhai Yadav 381 0.06 N/A
Independent Thakkersuresh Dulabhaji 329 0.05 N/A
Independent Indumati Chimanlal Surana 307 0.05 N/A
Independent Prasad B. Khgej 305 0.05 N/A
Independent Batuk G. Patel 297 0.05 N/A
Independent Thakor Ramchandra Naranji 192 0.03 N/A
Independent Rajkumar Verma 189 0.03 N/A
Independent Kishanji Genji Jadeja 132 0.02 N/A
Independent Ramanlal Moltilal Patel 132 0.02 N/A
Independent Rajora Rajendraprasad Shankerlal 91 0.01 N/A
Margin of victory 125,679 20.41 -9.48
Turnout 625,226 45.46 -12.41
BJP hold Swing

General election 1996[edit]

Indian general election, 1996: Gandhinagar[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Atal Bihari Vajpayee 323,583 66.38 +8.41
INC Popatlal V. Patel 134,711 27.63 -9.93
All India Indira Congress (Tiwari) Patni Laxmanbhai Fuljibhai 3,621 0.74 N/A
Rashtriya Surajya Parishad Dinesh Shah 3,477 0.71 N/A
Janata Dal Pandya Yogeshbhai Ramanbhai 2,432 0.50 -0.22
ABJS Kanani Purushottambhai Devjibhai 1,736 0.36 +0.29
Independent Sanjay Maganbhai Barot 1,708 0.35 N/A
BSP Babubhai Galubhai Patni 1,677 0.34 N/A
Bhoomijotak Samooh Arvindbhai Umedbhai Patel 1,627 0.33 N/A
SP Ramprashad Shantilal Yadav 1,445 0.30 N/A
Independent Natvarbhai Thakor 1,430 0.29 N/A
Independent Shaikh Ikbal Abdulhuq 955 0.20 N/A
Samata Party R. R. Prajapati 898 0.18 N/A
Independent Nayana Bhatt 892 0.18 N/A
Independent Fulsing Jugatsinh Thakor 698 0.14 N/A
Independent Faridabanu Jahangirkhan Pathan 663 0.14 N/A
Independent Jayantibhai Mangalbhai Parmar 613 0.13 N/A
Independent Dipakkumar Purushottamdas Brahamaniya 582 0.12 N/A
Independent Ratilal Chunilal Patel 546 0.11 N/A
Independent Bharatkumar Rasiklal Shah 525 0.11 N/A
Independent Ramchandra Narayanji Thakor 474 0.10 N/A
Manav Sewa Sangh Rana Ghanshayamsinh Bharthusinh 434 0.09 N/A
Independent Sunilbhai Shah 393 0.08 N/A
Independent Prahaladbhai Ratilal Gupta 353 0.07 N/A
Independent Dinesh Kishanlal Rathi 353 0.07 N/A
Independent Kirtikumar Dasharathlal Modi 326 0.07 N/A
Gujarat Janta Parishad Pradhuman Dahyabhai Pandya 266 0.05 N/A
Independent Pravinchandra Jivanlal Sanghvi 247 0.05 N/A
Independent Sureshchandra Laljibhai Patel 240 0.05 N/A
Independent Dabhi Shivubha Jawansing 225 0.05 N/A
Independent Jagdeepbhai Arvindbhai Marchant 204 0.04 N/A
Independent Kesarben Manojbhai Tiwari 162 0.03 N/A
Margin of victory 188,872 38.75 +18.74
Turnout 498,010 28.41 -17.05
BJP hold Swing

By election 1996[edit]

By election, 1996: Gandhinagar[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Vijay Patel 258,589 51.88 -14.50
INC Rajesh Khanna 197,425 39.63 +12.02
All India Rashtriya Janata Party Narin Bhai P. Patel 33,166 6.65 N/A
ABHM Meena Ben Jain 1,143 0.23 N/A
Margin of victory 61,164 12.27 -26.45
Turnout 498,400 28.43 +0.02
BJP hold Swing

General election 1998[edit]

Indian general election, 1998: Gandhinagar[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP L. K. Advani 541,340 59.86 +7.98
INC P. K. Datta 264,639 29.26 -10.37
All India Rashtriya Janata Party Chaitanya Shambhumaharaj 90,290 9.98 -3.33
Ajeya Bharat Party Sanjiv Mani Shanker Pandya 4,003 0.44 N/A
Independent (politician) Keshavaji Devashi Harijan Bhagat Bhalavala 1,408 0.16 N/A
Savarn Samaj Party Narayan Digwani 1,031 0.11 N/A
Independent (politician) Prahaladbhai Ratilal Gupta 870 0.10 N/A
Independent (politician) Kaka Jogindersinh 758 0.08 N/A
Margin of victory 276,701 30.60 +18.33
Turnout 929,643 52.13 +23.70
BJP hold Swing

General election 1999[edit]

Indian general election, 1999: Gandhinagar[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP L. K. Advani 453,299 61.14 +1.28
INC T. N. Seshan 264,285 35.65 +6.39
Independent Sunilbhai Nareshchandra Shah 9,938 1.34 N/A
SP Mod Shankarbhai Daljibhai 5,256 0.71 N/A
Independent Mehmudaben Riyazbhai Munshi 3,591 0.48 N/A
Independent Prajapati Kantibhai Harjivandas 2,463 0.33 N/A
Independent Ramchandra Narayanji Thakor 1,309 0.18 N/A
Independent Prahlad Ralliram Agarwal 1,189 0.16 N/A
Margin of victory 189,014 25.49 -5.11
Turnout 741,283 40.42 -11.71
BJP hold Swing

General election 2004[edit]

Indian general election, 2004: Gandhinagar[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP L. K. Advani 516,120 61.04 -0.10
INC Gabhaji Mangaji Thakor 298,982 35.36 -0.29
Independent Sunil Shah 8,412 0.99 -0.35
Independent Vitthalbhai Pandya 8,395 0.99 N/A
BSP L. N. Medipally 6,660 0.79 N/A
Independent Brahmbhatt Sanjaybhai Amarkumar 1,234 0.15 N/A
SP Nizami Mahammad Salim 1,091 0.13 -0.58
ABJS Dipakkumar Gopaldas Patel 975 0.12 N/A
Independent Arunbhai Swarupji Maru 793 0.09 N/A
Independent Jivraj Mansukhbhai Parmar 767 0.09 N/A
Independent Imran Gulamnabi Ajmeri 767 0.09 N/A
Independent Khodabhai Laljibhai Desai 695 0.08 N/A
Independent Mukundbhai Govindbhai Dudhatra 685 0.08 N/A
Margin of victory 217,138 25.68 +0.19
Turnout 845,576 54.42 +14.00
BJP hold Swing

General election 2009[edit]

Indian general election, 2009: Gandhinagar[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP L. K. Advani 434,044 54.89 -6.15
INC Sureshkumar Chaturdas Patel 312,297 39.49 +4.13
Independent Mallika Sarabhai 9,268 1.17 N/A
Independent Rahul Chimanhbhai Mehta 7,305 0.92 N/A
Independent Mahantshri Dharamdasbapu 6,612 0.84 N/A
BSP Rakesh Pandey 5,907 0.75 -0.04
Independent Sukhdevsinh Parbatsinh Vaghela 4,348 0.55 N/A
Independent Mukesh Shah 2,539 0.32 N/A
Independent Anilkumar Somabhai Makwana 1,201 0.15 N/A
Maha–Gujarat Janta Party Sunilbhai Manubhai Trivedi 1,061 0.13 N/A
Bharatiya National Janta Dal Ashokkumar Ishvarbhai Patel 967 0.12 N/A
Independent Brahmbhatt Sanjaybhai Amarkumar 882 0.11 N/A
Independent Siddhesh Dineshbhai Patel 789 0.10 N/A
Independent Kalpeshkumar Rajanikant Modi 677 0.09 N/A
Independent Parikh Heta Kumarpal 663 0.08 N/A
LSWP Khalifa Samsuddin Nasiruddin 627 0.08 N/A
Independent Rakeshbhai Rajdevsingh Thakur 550 0.07 N/A
Indian Justice Party Fatamaben Farukbhai Memon 504 0.06 N/A
AIMF Firoz Dehlvi 496 0.06 N/A
Margin of victory 121,747 15.40 -10.28
Turnout 790,737 50.83 -3.59
BJP hold Swing

General election 2014[edit]

Indian general election, 2014: Gandhinagar[1][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP L. K. Advani 773,539 68.12 +13.23
INC Kiritbhai Ishvarbhai Patel 290,418 25.58 -13.91
AAP Rituraj Mehta 19,966 1.76 N/A
Independent Rahul Chimanhbhai Mehta 9,767 0.86 -0.06
Independent Kishorsinh Mahobatsinh Vaghela 6,705 0.59 N/A
BSP Niranjan Ghosh 6,068 0.53 -0.22
Independent M. K. Shah 3,767 0.33 N/A
Independent Raj Prapati 3,177 0.28 N/A
BMP Ajmalbhai Ramabhai Vaniya 1,639 0.14 N/A
Independent Brahmbhatt Sanjaybhai Amarkumar 1,474 0.13 +0.02
Independent Birjusinh Motisinh Kshatriya 984 0.09 N/A
Independent Pagi Ganpatbhai Mavjibhai 924 0.08 N/A
Vishwa Hindustani Sangathan Ravaji Juhaji Thakor 809 0.07 N/A
Independent Khodabhai Laljibhai Desai 793 0.07 N/A
Independent Dipikaben Sutariya 684 0.06 N/A
Loktantrik Rashtrawadi Party Manoj J. Nayak 683 0.06 N/A
Independent Chandrasinh Javansinh Thakor 668 0.06 N/A
National Youth Party Piyushkumar Dasrathlal Patel 653 0.06 N/A
NOTA None of the above 12,777 1.13 N/A
Margin of victory 483,121 42.54 +27.14
Turnout 1,135,495 65.49 +14.26
BJP hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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