Jha was born in a Maithil Brahmin family of the Sarisab Pahi,village of Madhubani district. He was first taught using the Persian script then, when his family moved to Benares when he was aged seven, he learned Sanskrit. In 1880, he returned to his relatives in Darbhanga and was admitted to an English medium school. After completing his school education, in 1886, he returned to Benares for further studies and was admitted to the Government Sanskrit College there. He gained his Master of Arts degree with first rank in 1892.
At the age of 24, he was appointed a librarian of Darbhanga state by its Maharaja. In 1902, he was appointed a Professor of Sanskrit at Muir College in Prayag, which he left in 1918 to become the first Indian principal of the Government Sanskrit College in Benares. Between 1920-1923 he served as a member of the Council of State in the Central British Government of India.[full citation needed]
He was vice-chancellor of University of Allahabad (Prayag University) during 1923-32. University of Allahabad established the Ganganath Jha Hostel in his honor.
Dr. Amarnath Jha.He is known for his excellent academic and teaching career.Being topper of Allahabad University,he even served as a chancellor for the university.
Dr. Aditya Nath Jha.Aditya Nath Jha being an eminent scholar Cracked Indian Civil Services Exam with top rank during British Government Reign,When even cracking such Exam was very precious.He also served as a Director of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration.
In 1945, after his death, his five sons established the Ganganath Jha Research Institute in Allahabad. The institute publishes books and journals on oriental studies, as well as producing a journal. Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan (Ganganatha Jha Campus), formerly known as Ganganath Jha Research Institute (from 1943-1971) and Ganganatha Jha Kendriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth (from 1971-2002 under the Ministry of HRD, Government of India) was founded on November 17, 1943 with a view to perpetuate the name and works of M. M. Dr. Sir Ganganatha Jha (b. 1871 & d.1941), a renowned International figure of Orientology and Indology.