|• Revised Romanization||Gangneung-si|
Cherry blossoms along Gyeongpo Lake.
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||1 eup, 7 myeon, 13 dong|
|• Total||1,040 km2 (400 sq mi)|
|• Density||221/km2 (570/sq mi)|
Gangneung is a city in Gangwon-do, on the east coast of South Korea. It has a population of 229,869 (as of 2006). Gangneung is the economic centre of the Yeongdong region of Gangwon Province. Gangneung has many tourist attractions, such as Jeongdongjin, a very popular area for watching the sun rise. There is a ROK airbase south of downtown Gangneung which formerly doubled as a civil airport.
On 18 September 1996 a North Korean submarine ran aground near Gangneung in an attempted infiltration mission, spurring a 49-day manhunt for the escaped passengers. For more details, refer to the 1996 Gangneung submarine infiltration incident.
Symbols of Gangneung
The flag of the city shows a red sun in the centre and blue wave in front, on a white background. The sun represents the sunrise, the wave the sea. The flower of the city is the crepe myrtle, the tree of the city is the pine tree, its bird the swan. The animal of Gangneung is the tiger.
Gangneung is considered special in that it has both access to a lake and the sea. Gyeongpodae is a pavilion overlooking a Gyeongpo lake. It is said that one can see the moon five times when at Gyeongpodae. One sees the moon once in the sky, once reflected in the lake, once reflected in the sea, once reflected in the drinking glass, and once more in the eyes of a lover. The site of Gyeongpodae is known for its location east of the centre of the city.
Inside the Gyeongpodae pavilion, built with 28 pillars, is the Gyeongpodaebu, a poem by Yul Gok. Gyeongpodaebu describes the movement of the heavens and the moon. The best view of the moon is on the 15th of the lunar month.
Sunrises, especially the first in the New Year, are important in traditional Korean culture. The Jeongdongjin and Gyeongpo beaches in Gangneung are popular places to enjoy a sunrise.
Gangneung has numerous festivals. The biggest and most famous is the Gangneung Dano Festival (강릉단오제) at the Dano fairground near the Namdae River. In 1967, the Gangneung Dano Festival was designated Korean National Immaterial Cultural Heritage No. 13. On November 11, 2005 it was designated by UNESCO as a "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". Nowadays, it is a combination of several commemoration rites and traditional plays. A highlight is the traditional Gwanno Mask Dance (Gwanno Gamyeongeuk) which is only performed at this festival.
In addition to well established festivals like the Dano, there are several newer festivals in Gangneung, such as the IJAF (International Junior Art Festival) enjoys great popularity. The IJAF is a cultural festival for youth from all over the world. The festival includes both performances of the participating groups and a diversified cultural program demonstrating the essence of Korean culture. Since 2002, the IJAF takes place at Gyeongpo Beach in the end of July. Also, the Gyeongpo Rock Festival was established in 2006. This festival, mostly attracting young people, offers young Korean bands from the Gangneung area a stage for their performances.
There are a number of historical remains and museums in Gangneung. The most prominent being the Ojukheon Museum, which is named after a special black bamboo growing in this area. It is the birthplace of the famous Korean scholar Yulgok (1536–1584) (whose image is on the South Korean 5,000 Won note) and his mother Saimdang (1504–1551) (whose image is on the 50,000 Won note.) In 1963, the Ojukheon Museum was designated as National Cultural Heritage No. 165. It includes one of the oldest wooden buildings in Korea. Several shrines and old residential buildings deliver insight into the lives of these famous Koreans. Next to the Ojukheon Museum there is the Gangneung Municipal Museum which shows folklore and antique pieces from the history of the city. Located in the hills surrounding Gangneung City, there is the revealing Daegwallyeong Museum. It consists of a private collection with more than 1000 artifacts and shows the agricultural history of the region.
Gangneung experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with cool to cold winters and hot, humid summers. Since Gangneung is coastal city, the city is generally milder winters and relatively cooler summers than the rest of Korea.It is bordered by mountains to the west and the sea to the east.
|Climate data for Gangneung (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||55.1
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.8||6.4||8.9||8.3||9.3||11.3||15.6||15.6||11.1||7.1||7.2||4.5||111.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||183.8||172.6||186.5||203.8||209.1||165.0||138.2||147.9||157.2||188.3||170.6||183.3||2,106.3|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration|
2018 Winter Olympics
- Gangneung Hockey Centre – Ice Hockey (men competition)
- Kwandong Hockey Centre - Ice Hockey (women competition)
- Gangneung Curling Centre – Curling
- Gyeongpo Oval – Speed skating
- Gangneung Ice Arena – Short track speed skating and Figure skating
The city will also host an Olympic Village for the athletes and a media village.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gangneung.|
The birth house of Heo Nanseolheon, a famous Korean poet of the 17th century.
The birthplace of Yul Gok.
- Chichibu, Saitama Prefecture since February 16, 1983
- Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province since May 11, 1999
- Chattanooga, Tennessee since October 30, 2003
- Jingzhou, Hubei Province since October 19, 2004
- Irkutsk, Irkutsk Oblast since October 4, 2011
- Ust-Kamenogorsk, East Kazakhstan since 2011
- Deyang, Sichuan Province since November 28, 2013
- Gangneung City (2003). Population & Households. Retrieved January 14, 2006.
- US Forces Korea (2004). Alphabetical Listing. Retrieved January 14, 2006.
- Gangneung City (2003). Symbols. Retrieved January 14, 2006.
- Korea Tourism Organization (2005). Gyeongpodae. Retrieved January 14, 2006.
- Best spots to usher in the New Year (2009) Korea Herald Retrieved June 23. 2010.
- "Gangneung, where travel on the east coast begins". visit korea. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- "평년값자료(30년) 강릉(105)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-04-30.