Do-Aklin

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Do-Aklin
Founder of the ruling dynasty of the Kingdom of Dahomey
Reign c. 1600
Successor Dakodonou
House Aladaxonou

Do-Aklin or Gangnihessou (Ganye Hessou) or Dogbari is claimed as the founder of the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey in present-day Benin and the first person in the royal lineage of the Kings of Dahomey (the Aladaxonou dynasty). In many versions he is considered the first king of Dahomey even though the kingdom was founded after his death. Very little is known about Do-Aklin and most of it is connected to folklore, but it is generally claimed that he settled a large group of Aja people from Allada on the Abomey plateau amongst the local inhabitants in c. 1620. His son Dakodonu would eventually build a palace on the plateau and began forming the Kingdom of Dahomey.

Settled in Abomey[edit]

According to oral tradition, the Aja were led to Allada by King Agassu from the city of Tado. Agassu was the son of a Tado princess and a leopard (or in some versions a brave Yoruba hunter).[1] When Agassu tried to take over Tado he was defeated and so instead moved with his followers to found the city of Allada.

Around 1600, three brothers (two in some versions) in the lineage of Agassu fought over the succession to the throne and it was decided that each would settle a new territory. The agreement was reached at Houégbo that Teagbanlin would found a state at what is now Porto-Novo, another son would take control in Allada, and Do-Aklin would settle on the Abomey plateau to the north.[2] It is said that Do-Aklin brought significant gifts for the local population and so was allowed to live amongst them, the mixing of the local population with the Aja from Allada created the new ethnic group, the Fon.[1]

Do-Aklin's son (or grandson in some versions) Dakodonu became the founder of the palace and the kingdom of Dahomey around 1640 by defeating a local chieftain. Anthropologist J. Cameron Monroe contends that the lineage connections to royalty at Allada is probably a later creation used to legitimate the conquest of Allada and other aspects like Dahomey's rivalry with Porto-Novo.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Halcrow, Elizabeth M. (1982). Canes and Chains: A Study of Sugar and Slavery. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishing. 
  2. ^ a b Monroe, J. Cameron (2011). "In the Belly of Dan: Space, History, and Power in Precolonial Dahomey". Current Anthropology 52 (6): 769–798. doi:10.1086/662678. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
--
King of Dahomey
c. 1600-1625
Succeeded by
Dakodonu