Ganina Yama

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Nicholas II with his family. (left to right) Olga Maria, Tsar Nicholas II, his spouse Alexandra, Anastasia, Aleksei and Tatiana.

Ganina Yama (Russian: Ганина Яма, "Ganya's Pit") was a 9' deep pit[1] in the Four Brothers mine near the village of Koptyaki, 15 km north from Yekaterinburg. On the night of 17 July 1918, after the shooting of the Romanov family, the bodies of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (who had been executed at the Ipatiev House) were secretly transported to Ganina Yama and thrown into the pit.

A week later, the White Army drove the Bolsheviks from the area and launched an investigation into the fate of the royal family. An extensive report [2] concluded that the royal family's remains had been cremated at the mine, since evidence of fire was found and charred bones, but no bodies. But the Bolsheviks, realizing that the burial site was no longer a secret, had returned to the site the night after the first burial to relocate the bodies to another area. The secret Bolshevik report on the execution and burial did not give the location of the second burial site, but the description provided clues.[3]

The second burial site, a field known as Porosenkov Ravine (Поросёнков лог) four and a half miles from Ganina Yama (56°54′41″N 60°29′44″E / 56.9113628°N 60.4954326°E / 56.9113628; 60.4954326), was discovered in the late 1970s through clandestine research but kept secret until the political climate changed in 1989.[4] In 1995, the remains found at the Porosenkov Ravine were identified as Romanovs using DNA from living relatives of Nicholas and Alexandra's parents. The Porosenkov Ravine burial pit is marked by a cross and simple landscaping of the burial pit. A second, smaller pit was located at the Porosenkov Ravine in 2007 containing the remains of two Romanov children missing from the larger grave. Further excavation is planned for the summer of 2009.[5]

The Russian Orthodox Church, relying on the White Army's reports in preference to Bolshevik reports, and doubting the DNA identification,[citation needed] declared the Ganina Yama site holy ground. (Romanov family descendants likewise have doubts about the DNA identification.[citation needed]) The royal family and their retinue had been canonized in 1981 by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. The grounds were therefore dedicated to honor the family's humility during capture and their status as political martyrs. With financial assistance from the Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company, the Church constructed the Monastery of the Holy Imperial Passion-Bearers at the site in 2001. A tall cross marks the edge of the mine shaft, visible as a depression in the ground.

Seven chapels were later constructed at the site, one for each member of the royal family. Each chapel is dedicated to a particular saint or relic. The katholikon is dedicated to the Theotokos Derzhavnaya, an icon particularly revered by the monarchists; it burnt to the ground on 14 September 2010 but is slated to be restored. On the anniversary of the murder, a night-long service is held at the Church of All Saints (Church on the Blood) on the site of the Ipatiev House. At daybreak, a procession walks four hours to Ganina Yama for another ceremony. The former mine pit is covered with lily plants for the ceremony.[6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Massie, Robert K., The Romanovs: The Final Chapter. Random House, New York (1995)
  2. ^ Sokolov, Nikolai A. Ubiistvo Tsarskoi Sem’i. Terra, Moscow (Reprinted 1996)
  3. ^ Yakov Yurovsky's account of the execution and burial of the Imperial Family, alexanderpalace.org
  4. ^ Search Foundation, Inc., searchfoundationinc.org
  5. ^ New excavations planned for Romanov family burial site, rian.ru, Novosti, October 27, 2008
  6. ^ Rappaport, Helen. The Last Days of the Romanovs. St. Martin's Press (2009)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 56°56′32″N 60°28′24″E / 56.94222°N 60.47333°E / 56.94222; 60.47333