Ganjam

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This article is about the city. For its eponymous district, see Ganjam district.
Ganjam
ଗଞ।ମ
Town
Ganjam is located in Odisha
Ganjam
Ganjam
Location of Ganjam in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 19°23′N 85°04′E / 19.38°N 85.07°E / 19.38; 85.07Coordinates: 19°23′N 85°04′E / 19.38°N 85.07°E / 19.38; 85.07
Country  India
State Odisha
District Ganjam
Named for Ganjam Fort
Government
 • Body Government of Odisha
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 11,747
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website ganjam.nic.in

Ganjam is a town and a notified area council in Ganjam district in the state of Odisha, India.

Geography[edit]

Ganjam is located at 19°23′N 85°04′E / 19.38°N 85.07°E / 19.38; 85.07 in the Ganjam district of Odisha with an elevation of 3 metres (9 feet). Ganjam has been blessed with beautiful and mineral rich coast line which is extended over 60 km. It provides unique opportunity for fishing and port facility at Gopalpur for international trade. The rivers like Rushikulya, Dhanei, Bahuda, Ghoda Hada are the source of agriculture and power sectors of the town. Economic wise, Ganjam is a sub industrial town. The Chilika Lake which attracts international tourists, known for its scenic beauty and a marvelous birds sanctuary is situated in the eastern part of district, near the City of Ganjam. Ganjam shares its boundary with Andhra Pradesh.

Ganjam is an ideal choice for its scenic beauty, monuments, rivers and religious spots. A mix of moist peninsular high and low level Sal forests, tropical moist and dry deciduous and tropical deciduous forest types provide a wide range of forest products and unique lifestyle to wild lives. Bhairabi which consists of 108 God and Goddesses temples, and is a place of worship and usual destination for tourists. Taptapani is also a tourist destination which consist of a hot sulphur spring that is 56 km from Berhampur, near Ganjam. Tara Tarini Temple, n the top of Taratirini Hill near Purusottampur is also a famous destination for tourists. Twin Goddess Tara and Tarini are worshipped there. Rushikulya flows at the foot of the Taratirini Hill. The Mahuri Kalua is a famous Picnic Spot located at the center of the town and Temple of Goddess Mahuri Kalua is also near it.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Ganjam had a population of 11,787. Ganjam has an average literacy rate of 73% while male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 63%. Total Child Population (Age between 0–6 years)are 1,127. Sex ratio is 981 and density of the overall population is 429 (persons per km2).

Economy[edit]

The district has own international reputation for its cottage industries and handicrafts. The main crafts are brass, appliqué, bamboo craft, stone carving, wood carving, terracotta, textile toys etc. and thousands of artisans are operating individually and through co-operative societies. Cultivation is one of the major occupation in the town, which has engaged approximately 75% of the total workers. Livestock, forestry, fishing, mining, construction, trading and transport are few of the work-related categories being the source of income for another 25% of the workers. The major crops grown in the district are paddy, groundnut, cotton, sugarcane and green vegetables. The district has a prosperous live stock population and potentially is very rich in inland and brackish water fisheries. The Chilika coastal area and extended sea shore are the source of rich marine products which serves for the production of like shells and salt.

Ganjam Fort[edit]

The Ganjam Fort Map

Located at 19°13′N 85°29′E / 19.22°N 85.49°E / 19.22; 85.49, the Ganjam Fort is the main spot for tourist in Ganjam. This fort is located 8 km from Chatrapur. Until the beginning of the 18th century the fort was the main town and headquarters of the [Ganjam district]]. The fort had a customs house and a harbour. The Odisha State Archaeology Department restored the fort over the years. Visible are the star-shaped bastions and moat. The main structure seems to have been constructed by British architects. It is also believed that the king and queen were residing inside the fort, before the Britishers invaded Ganjam. After the British invasion the king fled the town along with his queen. There is also another tale of Ganjam, that before the British came here, the French were ruling the region.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.