Location in Odisha, India
|• Collector||Shri Krishna Kumar, IAS|
|• Member of Parliament||Siddhanta Mahapatra, BJD|
|• Member of Parliament||Nityananda Pradhan, BJD|
|• Total||8,070.6 km2 (3,116.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||429/km2 (1,110/sq mi)|
|• Official||Oriya, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||OR-07/ OD-07|
|Nearest city||Brahmapur, Bhubaneswar|
|Sex ratio||981 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Berhampur
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||13|
|Precipitation||1,295.6 millimetres (51.01 in)|
Ganjam district (Oriya: ଗଞ୍ଜାମ ଜିଲ୍ଲା), is a district in the Indian state of Odisha located on the border of Andhra Pradesh. Ganjam's total area is 8,070 km² (3,116 mi²). Its population is approximately 2,704,056. Ganjam is known for its beaches bordering the Bay of Bengal, the most famous ones being Gopalpur (a famous tourist destination) and Dhavaleshwar. The most populous city in Ganjam, Berhampur, is famous for silver filigree and silk sarees woven with gold and silver threads.
The district headquarters is Chhatrapur. Ganjam is divided into three sub-divisions Chhatrapur, Berhampur, and Bhanjanagar. The The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Ganjam, along with the Thanjavur and South Canara districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins were most numerous. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Odisha (out of 30).
Undivided Ganjam district included present Gajapati district and also parts of Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh before 1950. In 1950, Srikakulam district was organised by separating Srikakulam and Tekkali areas from Ganjam district and Palakonda area from Visakhapatnam district. In 1992, Paralakhemundi, Kasinagar and Ramagiri Udayagiri areas were separated from Ganjam district and organised as Gajapati district. At first, Ganjam has been headquarters of Ganjam district and later Chhatrapur was made as headquarters.
=== Major towns === Asika, Ballipadar, Belaguntha, B.D.Pur Sasan, Bhanjanagar, Brahmapur, Buguda, Chhatrapur, Chikitigarh, Dengadi, Dharakote, Digapahandi, Gandola, Ganjam, Gopalpur, Hinjilicut, Jagannath Prasad, Kabisuryanagar, Khallikote, Kodala, Konkorada, Kukudakhandi, Makundapur, Nuagam, Patrapur, Polasara, Purusottampur, Sanakhemundi, Sheragada, Surada, Rambha, Bhismagiri.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Ganjam one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Notable residents of the past
- Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja.
- Sashi Bhusan Rath: born in Surada. He was a great personality and a social reformer at that period. He had elected to the vice-chairman of former "Berhampur Municipality" and to "Madras Assembly Council". He was the founder-cum-editor of the 1st Oriya daily "ASHA".
- Biju Patnaik.
- Aneppu Parasuramdas Patro: Justice Party leader and Education Minister in the Raja of Panagal government who is remembered for bringing about Communal G. O. 613 which introduced caste-based communal reservations for the first time in British India.
- V. V. Giri: former President of India.
- Biswanath Das:- He was the Prime Minister of Odisha Province of British India 1937–39, the Governor of Uttar Pradesh 1962–67 and later the Chief Minister of Odisha 1971–72.
Notable residents of the present
- Siddhanta Mahapatra, Film Actor, Politician
Places of interest
- Maa Singhasani
- Sri Jagannath Temple at Dharakote
- Jaugada (Historical place of Ashok raja), Pandia.
- Panchanan Temple, Surada
- Mausimaa Temple
- Maa Taratarini Temple, Purusottampur
- Taptapani (hot spring)
- Bhetanai near Aska for the famous Black Bucks
- Balunkeswar Temple, B.D Pur
- Budhakhol, Buguda
- Dhabaleswar Temple
- Mahuri Kalua
- Siddha Bhairavi Temple and Sonpur beach (15 km from temple)
- Kanaka Durga Thakurani Temple at Kodola Athagarh.
- Maa Mahamayee Thakurani Temple at (Kabisurya Nagar)
- Maa Khambeswari Temple,Aska.
- Maa Narayani Temple.
- Maa Kali Temple,Nuagam.
- Maa Narayani Temple,Konkorada.
- Brahmeswar temple, Brahman Chhai
- Panchama Ganesh Temple
- Lord Lakshmi Nrusingh Temple, Bellaguntha
- Maa Bahada Thakurani, Manikyapur Gahira Mala, Kanheipur
- Shiridi Sai Temple, Bhanjanagar
- Lord Beleswar at Bhanjanagar Reservoir
- Biju Patnaik Children's Park at Bhanjanagar Reservoir
- Ujeleswar Temple,Khamarigaon.
- Pottagada,a historcal place
- Olliferidly tortle beedind area on River Rusukulya mouth(Rive & sea connecting area).
- Maa annapurneswari temple, Chikarada (about 10 km from bramhapur)
According to the 2011 census Ganjam district has a population of 3,520,151, roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 83rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 429 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,110 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.37%. Ganjam has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.88%.
Vidhan sabha constituencies
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)||Member of 14th Assembly||Party|
|123||Bhanjanagar||None||Bhanjanagar (NAC), Bhanjanagar, Jagannathprasad||Bikram Keshari Arukha||BJD|
|124||Polasara||None||Buguda (NAC), Polasara (NAC), Buguda, Polasara||Niranjan Pradhan||BJD|
|125||Kabisuryanagar||None||Kabisuryanagar (NAC), Kodala (NAC), Beguniapada, Kabisuryanagar (part), Purusottampur (part)||Smt. V. Sugnana Kumari Deo||BJD|
|126||Khalikote||SC||Khalikote(NAC), Purusottampur (NAC), Khalikote, Purusottampur (part)||Purna Chandra Sethy||BJD|
|127||Chhatrapur||SC||Chhatrapur (NAC), Ganjam (NAC), Rambha (NAC), Ganjam, Chhatrapur||Adikanda Sethi||CPI|
|128||Asika||None||Asika (NAC), Asika, Kabisuryanagar (part)||Debaraj Mohanty||BJD|
|129||Surada||None||Surada (NAC), Belaguntha (NAC), Surada, Belaguntha,||Purna Chandra Swain||BJD|
|130||Sanakhemundi||None||Sanakhemundi, Dharakote||Ramesh Chandra Jena||INC|
|131||Hinjili||None||Hinjilicut (NAC), Hinjilicut, Hinjili Sheragada||Naveen Patnaik||BJD|
|132||Gopalpur||None||Gopalpur (NAC), Rangailunda, Kukudakhandi (part), Berhampur (M) (part)||Pradeep Kumar Panigrahy||BJD|
|133||Berhampur||None||Berhampur (M) (Part),||Ramesh Chandra Chyau Patnaik||BJD|
|134||Digapahandi||None||Digapahandi (NAC), Digapahandi, Kukudakhandi (Part)||Surjya Narayana Patro||BJD|
|135||Chikiti||None||Chikiti (NAC), Chikiti, Chikiti Patrapur||Smt. Usha Devi||BJD|
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "Sidha Vairabi | Ganjam | BerhampurInfo.com". myberhampur.com. 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2013. "The shrine dedicated to Maa Siddha Vairabi is located at village Mantridi of Ganjam district"
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Connecticut 3,574,097"
- Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
- Seats of Odisha
- "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 19 February 2013. "MEMBER NAME"
||Kandhamal district||Nayagarh district||Khordha district|
|Gajapati district||Puri district|
|Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh||Bay of Bengal|