Ganjam district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous city, see Ganjam.
Ganjam
District
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 19°22′59″N 85°03′00″E / 19.383°N 85.05°E / 19.383; 85.05Coordinates: 19°22′59″N 85°03′00″E / 19.383°N 85.05°E / 19.383; 85.05
Country  India
State Odisha
Headquarters Chatrapur
Government
 • Collector Shri Krishna Kumar, IAS
 • Member of Parliament Siddhanta Mahapatra, BJD
 • Member of Parliament Nityananda Pradhan, BJD
Area
 • Total 8,070.6 km2 (3,116.1 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,520,151
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 429/km2 (1,110/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Oriya, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 761 xxx
Vehicle registration OR-07/ OD-07
Nearest city Brahmapur, Bhubaneswar
Sex ratio 981 /
Literacy 71.88%
Lok Sabha constituency Berhampur
Aska
Vidhan Sabha constituency 13
Precipitation 1,295.6 millimetres (51.01 in)
Website www.ganjam.nic.in

Ganjam district (Oriya: ଗଞ୍ଜାମ ଜିଲ୍ଲା), is a district in the Indian state of Odisha located on the border of Andhra Pradesh. Ganjam's total area is 8,070 km² (3,116 mi²). Its population is approximately 2,704,056. Ganjam is known for its beaches bordering the Bay of Bengal, the most famous ones being Gopalpur (a famous tourist destination) and Dhavaleshwar. The most populous city in Ganjam, Berhampur, is famous for silver filigree and silk sarees woven with gold and silver threads.

The district headquarters is Chhatrapur. Ganjam is divided into three sub-divisions Chhatrapur, Berhampur, and Bhanjanagar. The The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Ganjam, along with the Thanjavur and South Canara districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins were most numerous. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Odisha (out of 30).[1]

History[edit]

Undivided Ganjam district included present Gajapati district and also parts of Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh before 1950. In 1950, Srikakulam district was organised by separating Srikakulam and Tekkali areas from Ganjam district and Palakonda area from Visakhapatnam district. In 1992, Paralakhemundi, Kasinagar and Ramagiri Udayagiri areas were separated from Ganjam district and organised as Gajapati district. At first, Ganjam has been headquarters of Ganjam district and later Chhatrapur was made as headquarters.

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

Geography[edit]

[3]=== Major towns === Asika, Ballipadar, Belaguntha, B.D.Pur Sasan, Bhanjanagar, Brahmapur, Buguda, Chhatrapur, Chikitigarh, Dengadi, Dharakote, Digapahandi, Gandola, Ganjam, Gopalpur, Hinjilicut, Jagannath Prasad, Kabisuryanagar, Khallikote, Kodala, Konkorada, Kukudakhandi, Makundapur, Nuagam, Patrapur, Polasara, Purusottampur, Sanakhemundi, Sheragada, Surada, Rambha, Bhismagiri.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Ganjam one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Culture[edit]

Notable residents of the past[edit]

Notable residents of the present[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Panchama Ganesh Temple
  • Lord Lakshmi Nrusingh Temple, Bellaguntha
  • Maa Bahada Thakurani, Manikyapur Gahira Mala, Kanheipur
  • Shiridi Sai Temple, Bhanjanagar
  • Lord Beleswar at Bhanjanagar Reservoir
  • Biju Patnaik Children's Park at Bhanjanagar Reservoir
  • Ujeleswar Temple,Khamarigaon.
  • Pottagada,a historcal place
  • Olliferidly tortle beedind area on River Rusukulya mouth(Rive & sea connecting area).
  • Maa annapurneswari temple, Chikarada (about 10 km from bramhapur)

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Ganjam district has a population of 3,520,151,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania[6] or the US state of Connecticut.[7] This gives it a ranking of 83rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 429 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,110 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.37%.[1] Ganjam has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 71.88%.[1]

Politics[edit]

Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the 13Vidhan sabha constituencies[8][9] of Ganjam and the elected members[10] of those area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
123 Bhanjanagar None Bhanjanagar (NAC), Bhanjanagar, Jagannathprasad Bikram Keshari Arukha BJD
124 Polasara None Buguda (NAC), Polasara (NAC), Buguda, Polasara Niranjan Pradhan BJD
125 Kabisuryanagar None Kabisuryanagar (NAC), Kodala (NAC), Beguniapada, Kabisuryanagar (part), Purusottampur (part) Smt. V. Sugnana Kumari Deo BJD
126 Khalikote SC Khalikote(NAC), Purusottampur (NAC), Khalikote, Purusottampur (part) Purna Chandra Sethy BJD
127 Chhatrapur SC Chhatrapur (NAC), Ganjam (NAC), Rambha (NAC), Ganjam, Chhatrapur Adikanda Sethi CPI
128 Asika None Asika (NAC), Asika, Kabisuryanagar (part) Debaraj Mohanty BJD
129 Surada None Surada (NAC), Belaguntha (NAC), Surada, Belaguntha, Purna Chandra Swain BJD
130 Sanakhemundi None Sanakhemundi, Dharakote Ramesh Chandra Jena INC
131 Hinjili None Hinjilicut (NAC), Hinjilicut, Hinjili Sheragada Naveen Patnaik BJD
132 Gopalpur None Gopalpur (NAC), Rangailunda, Kukudakhandi (part), Berhampur (M) (part) Pradeep Kumar Panigrahy BJD
133 Berhampur None Berhampur (M) (Part), Ramesh Chandra Chyau Patnaik BJD
134 Digapahandi None Digapahandi (NAC), Digapahandi, Kukudakhandi (Part) Surjya Narayana Patro BJD
135 Chikiti None Chikiti (NAC), Chikiti, Chikiti Patrapur Smt. Usha Devi BJD

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  3. ^ Lenkakhali
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Sidha Vairabi  | Ganjam | BerhampurInfo.com". myberhampur.com. 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2013. "The shrine dedicated to Maa Siddha Vairabi is located at village Mantridi of Ganjam district" 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Connecticut 3,574,097" 
  8. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  9. ^ Seats of Odisha
  10. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 19 February 2013. "MEMBER NAME" 

External links[edit]