Tsandryphsh

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Tsandrypsh
Цандрыҧшь (Abkhaz)
განთიადი (Georgian)

Gantiadi
Urban-type settlement
Basilica in Tsandryphsh (6th century AD)
Basilica in Tsandryphsh (6th century AD)
Location in Abkhazia
Location in Abkhazia
Tsandrypsh is located in Georgia (country)
Tsandrypsh
Tsandrypsh
Location in Georgia
Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083
Country Georgia (Abkhazia[note 1])
District Gagra
Government
 • Mayor Albert Tarkil[1]
 • First Deputy Mayor Karapet Karagozyan[1]
 • Second Deputy Mayor Grigori Kasparyan[1]
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,170
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)

Tsandryphsh (Abkhaz: Цандрыҧшь; Georgian: წანდრიფში; Russian: Цандрыпш) or Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი; Russian: Гантиади), is an urban-type settlement on the Black Sea coast in the Gagra District of Abkhazia,[note 1] 5 km from the Russian border.

Name[edit]

Basilica

Tsandrypsh derives its current name from the princely family Tsanba. In historical times, it was known as Sauchi (Russian: Саучи). Then, until 1944 as Yermolov, after the Russian general Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov. From 1944 until 1991, Tsandrypsh was known as Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი, Russian: Гантиади), from the Georgian word for Dawn. This latter name is still used informally.[2]

History[edit]

Tsandrypsh is said to be the historical capital of the principality of Saniga before the 6th century AD. It later became the capital of Sadzen.[2]

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2011 Census, Tsandrypsh had a population of 5,170. Of these, 55.9% were Armenians, 19.6% Abkhaz, 18.4% Russians, 1.2% Ukrainians, 0.9% Georgians and 0.7% Greeks.[3]

Main sights[edit]

Tsandryphsh houses 6th century Georgian Christian church.[4] Joseph Stalin's personal residence is also located here.[citation needed]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Администрация городов, сёл и посёлков Гагрского района". Gagra DistrictAdministration. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Pashkov, O.V. (2010). Поселок Цандрипш (Цандрыпш) (in Russian). Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  3. ^ 2011 Census results
  4. ^ V. Jaoshvili, R. Rcheulishvili, Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, V. 2, p. 680, Tbilisi, 1977.