Cover of the first tankōbon, released in Japan by Shueisha.
|Genre||Action, Science fiction, Horror, Thriller|
|Written by||Hiroya Oku|
|English publisher||Dark Horse|
|Magazine||Weekly Young Jump|
|Original run||July 2000 – ongoing|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Ichiro Itano|
|Original run||April 12, 2004 – June 26, 2004|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Ichiro Itano|
|Original run||August 26, 2004 – November 18, 2004|
Gantz (ガンツ Gantsu ) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Hiroya Oku. Gantz tells the story of Kei Kurono and his friend Masaru Kato who die in a train accident and become part of a semi-posthumous "game" in which they and several other recently deceased people are forced to hunt down and kill aliens armed with a handful of futuristic items, equipment, and weaponry. Both the manga and anime are noted for their heavy violence and sexual content.
The Gantz anime adaptation, directed by Ichiro Itano and animated by Gonzo, ran for 13 episodes and had a direct sequel called Gantz: Second Stage, which continued the series for another 13 episodes. Both seasons make up the 26 episode series. It was licensed in North America by ADV Films. The anime series is distributed in the United Kingdom by MVM Films, and in Australia and New Zealand by Madman Entertainment. Dark Horse Comics started releasing the manga in English in June 2008. A series of two live action movies based on the manga were produced and released in January–April 2011.
A pair of high school students, Kei Kurono and Masaru Kato, are hit by a subway train in an attempt to save the life of a drunk homeless man who had fallen onto the tracks. Following their deaths, Kurono and Kato find themselves transported to the interior of an unfurnished Tokyo apartment. The pair soon realize others are present and find that they are not able to leave the apartment. At one end of the room there is a large black sphere known as "Gantz".
After some time in the room, the Gantz sphere opens up, revealing a bald naked man with a breathing mask and wires attached to his head, with three racks protruding from it, that offer various items for them to use. These include the custom fitting black suits Gantz made for each of them, giving them super-human strength, speed, stamina and relative invincibility, a controller which acts as a radar and stealth unit, and three types of weapons.
When the Gantz sphere opens, green text appears on its surface, informing those present that their "lives have ended and now belong to him". A picture and brief information is shown of some of the Gantz' targets; Gantz orders them to go and kill them. All but one target shown thus far have been aliens living on Earth, which take on a wide variety of forms. After a period of time which varies between missions, everyone except Gantz is transported to the location of the mission. Those sent cannot return from the mission until all enemies have been killed, or the time limit has run out. If they survive a successful mission, each individual is awarded points for the aliens they have killed. Once a participant has scored 100 points, a "100 point menu" will appear. The menu offers three options. The first option allows the participant to return to their normal life, not to be summoned by Gantz again. Their memories of Gantz and the missions will be erased. The second option grants the participant an extremely powerful weapon. The third and final option allows the participant to revive someone who has died during a mission from Gantz' memory. After a mission has been completed, and points have been tallied up, the participants are then allowed to leave, and live their lives as they see fit until Gantz summons them back again for the next mission. During the third mission that Kurono and Kato participate in, almost all of the participants are killed, including Kato, which leaves Kurono as the sole surviving member of the "Gantz team". As the series continues, Kurono participates with the objective to revive his deceased friends with the 100 points he can obtain throughout the missions.
After several missions, a boy named Nishi, who knows a lot about how Gantz works, opens the "catastrophe countdown" which the other players were unaware of. The countdown reveals that there is one week left until "catastrophe". A week later, a massive alien force invades the Earth and begins exterminating the human race, while Kurono and his companions try their best to make use of Gantz' advanced technology and weaponry in defense. The Japanese also learn of the existence of Gantz teams all around the world. After a long battle, the humans armed with Gantz weaponry manage to stop the alien invasion and soon after, it is revealed that it was another, highly advanced alien species who provided mankind with the means to defend itself against the invaders.
Hiroya Oku first thought of Gantz's story when he was in high school. He was inspired by the Jidaigeki program Hissatsu, and the Robert Sheckley novel Time Murderer. However, he did not decide to make Gantz until after writing the manga Zero One; Zero One had a similar setting, but Oku ended the series, noting it was not very entertaining and that it was too expensive to develop.
When creating the chapters for the manga, Oku starts with a thumbnail of the pages. He then creates 3D models of the characters and backgrounds on his computer. Once done, Oku prints the characters and backgrounds he made in 3D, adds tone and color to the pages, and finishes with sound effects and dialogue. This style was already used in Zero One, but for that title, there was little work in hand drawing; Oku decided to add more hand drawing to give Gantz a more realistic tone as well as reduce the budget. However, he still notes that such a method is time-consuming and that he has to work quickly in order to finish the chapters on time.
Oku tries to incorporate realism into Gantz and adds that some of the events occurring in the story are based on his opinions regarding the world. During violent or erotic scenes, Oku makes sure to not make them very long to avoid reducing the series' realism. However, he has mentioned that he does not autocensor and that all the drawings he has ever illustrated have been published in the manga. Some plot twists are meant to go against common events that happen in several manga such as the deaths of the major characters like Kei Kishimoto and Masaru Kato. Before the series started serialization, Oku told his assistants that with Kurono's exception, all the major characters from the series would die.
Written by Hiroya Oku, the manga chapters have been published in the Japanese magazine Weekly Young Jump since 2000 and is still ongoing; the individual chapters of the series are being released approximately every fifteen days. Gantz is divided into three main story arcs referred to as "phases". After the completion of Phase 1, the author put the series on hiatus for a short time to work on Phase 2, which is also known as "Katastrophe". Phase 1 consists of the first 237 chapters. On November 22, 2006, the first chapter of Phase 2, chapter 238, was released. Phase 2 consists of chapters 238 through 303. The third and final phase began on October 1, 2009, after a brief hiatus. As of May 15, 2013, the series is 381 chapters long. The individual chapters are collected by Shueisha in tankōbon format; the first volume was released on December 11, 2000. Currently, 36 volumes have been released by Shueisha. Publishing company Dark Horse Comics acquired the licensing rights for the release of English translations of Gantz on July 1, 2007, during the Anime Expo. The first English volume was released on June 25, 2008. While the first three are being published quarterly, the following volumes will be released on a bimonthly basis. The series is published by Glénat in Spain and by Planet Manga in Germany, Italy and Brazil. It is published by Tonkam in France, by Editorial Vid in Mexico and by Editorial Ivrea in Argentina.
Gantz/Osaka has been published in Japan (showing the stories of the Gantz Osaka team), while Gantz/Nishi has started publication (showing the life of Nishi), and Gantz no Moto has Hiroya Oku telling the story on how he got into the manga business and what films influenced him.
An anime adaptation, produced by Gonzo and directed by Ichiro Itano, aired in Japan on Fuji Television and AT-X. The Gantz anime is divided into two seasons: The first season is known as "The First Stage", while the second season is known as "The Second Stage", which is a direct continuation of the first season. The First Stage aired in Japan with several scenes censored due to inappropriate content such as violence or nudity. However, the DVDs from the series contained the scenes uncensored. The Second Stage aired on Japanese network AT-X on August 26, 2004. There are a total of 12 Japanese DVDs, released from August 28, 2004 to June 29, 2005. Additionally, the DVDs were compiled into box sets.
ADV Films announced and licensed the series for release in the United States. The series was released in uncut form, retaining the violence and nudity previously censored in Japan for broadcast. Ten DVDs were released by ADV Films from February 8, 2005 to January 17, 2006. They also compiled the series in two DVD box sets in 2006 and in a Perfect Score Collection packaged with a bag in the form of Gantz. On June 25, 2010, anime distributor Funimation Entertainment announced on their online FuniCon 4.0 panel, that they have acquired the rights to the series, along with 3 other former ADV titles after ADV's collapse in 2009.
Video game 
On March 17, 2005, Konami published a game for the PlayStation 2 in Japan named simply as Gantz: The Game. It features the characters and plot up to the Chibi Alien mission. The game mixes third-person shooter and role-playing game (RPG) elements together. The game also includes extras including Free Play mode, a Mini Mode, Magazine Browser mode, Gantz Rankings, a special preview movie and the scenario completion statistic. The game was never released overseas.
Gantz/Burst and Gantz MobileMission are cellphone games.
In July 2009, Weekly Young Jump, the seinen manga magazine, began publishing a novel from the series named Gantz/Minus. It is written by Masatoshi Kusakabe and illustrated by Yusuke Kozaki. The stories take place before the start of the manga, with the focus being on the characters Shion Izumi and Joichiro Nishi, who participate in Gantz's missions. On the cover of each Gantz/Minus issue, it describes itself as a "hyper solid action novel".
Gantz/EXA is the second Gantz novel published. It was first serialized in Jump magazine, then printed as a complete collection in January 2011.
Live action films 
On November 24, 2009, it was announced that two live-action Gantz films were in production. The films star Kazunari Ninomiya and Kenichi Matsuyama in the roles of Kurono and Kato respectively, and were directed by Shinsuke Sato. The films were released in January and April 2011.
The first film, titled simply as Gantz, was released in Japan on January 29, 2011. A special North American screening took place on January 20, 2011, during which the film was simulcast in theaters across 46 states. At the end of this special Los Angeles showing, which took place at the Mann's Chinese 6 theatre, there was a discussion and live interview with both the male leads, as well as a teaser trailer for the second installment, Gantz: Perfect Answer, which is released in Japan on April 23, 2011. Gantz and Gantz 2: Perfect Answer were screened in San Diego, California as part of Comic-Con International at the Gaslamp 15 Theater on July 22 & 23.
A companion book titled Gantz/Manual was published by Shueisha on December 17, 2004. The book features episode summaries, character overviews, and additional background details on the Gantz universe.
Japanese sales from the Gantz manga have led several of the volumes to be featured in lists of best seller volumes from Japan. As of November 2010, the Gantz manga had sold over ten million units in Japan, while during January 2011 the sales increased to over fifteen million volumes. During 2008, Dark Horse Comics informed that the Gantz' sold 175,000 copies in America. Volume 4 of the manga has appeared in The New York Times's "Manga Best Seller List" ranking at 8th. About.com's Deb Aoki listed Gantz as the best new seinen of 2008 along with Black Lagoon. Gantz issue 365 states the series has sold over 19 million copies.
DVD sales of Gantz have been particularly strong. According to Anime News Network, Gantz volume three surpassed DVD sales of its predecessor, volume one, by a significant margin. Owing to strong DVD sales, ADV films has continuously released successive volumes and was one of the most successful anime franchises of 2005.
The Gantz anime has also received praise and has been critically acclaimed as being extremely "violent", "gory" and "sadistic" and yet is also very "addictive", even when it was censored during broadcast.
See also 
- Backs of Gantz volume collections call it action
- Backs of Gantz volume collections call it scifi
- "Gantz" a Japanese horror action landed on Hollywood Archived at WebCite
-  Archived at WebCite
- "Gantz, Maria-sama, Mori no Asagao Promos Streamed". Anime News Network. October 2, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
- Oku, Hiroya (2004). Gantz Manual. Shueisha. pp. 227–247. ISBN 4-08-876735-7.
- Oku, Hiroya (2008). Gantz, Volume 1. Dark Horse Comics. pp. 216–219. ISBN 978-1-59307-949-9.
- Migoya, Hernan (June 17, 2009). "Hiroya vs. Migoya" (in Spanish). Glénat. Retrieved August 5, 2009.Archived at WebCite
- "Gantz Returns! Gantz: 2nd Phase". comipress.com. 2006-11-22. Retrieved 2008-10-24.Archived at WebCite
- "Gantz 2nd Phase to Begin Serialization This November". comipress.com. 2006-07-19. Retrieved 2008-10-24.Archived at WebCite
- "Gantz 1" (in Japanese). Shueisha. Retrieved 2008-07-18.Archived at WebCite
- "Gantz 29" (in Japanese). Shueisha. Retrieved September 14, 2010.Archived at WebCite
- "Dark Horse Licenses Gantz, Blood+, More". Anime News Network. 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2008-10-21.Archived at WebCite
- "Dark Horse Nabs 'Gantz' Manga". ICv2. 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2008-11-20.Archived at WebCite
- "Gantz Volume 1". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved 2008-07-18.Archived at WebCite
- "Michael Gombos on Gantz". Dark Horse Comics. 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2008-11-20.Archived at WebCite
- "Gantz vol 1" (in Spanish). Glénat. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- "Gantz 1 Ristampa In fumetteria e online Planet Manga" (in Italian). Panini Comics. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- "Hantz vol 3" (in German). Panini Comics. Retrieved 2008-11-20.Archived at WebCite
- http://www.editions-tonkam.com/serie.php?id=22 Archived at WebCite
- http://mundovid.com/buscador.asp?busqueda=gantz&tipo_busq=0 Archived April 13, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- http://www.editorialivrea.com/ARG/manga_gantz.htm Archived January 3, 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Gantz Official Site". Gantz.net. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
- "Gantz (Fuji TV)". Fuji Television. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
- "Gantz Season 1 Boxset". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
- "Gantz DVDs Unedited". Anime News Network. 2004-07-13. Retrieved 2009-04-12.Archived at WebCite
- "Second Gantz TV series Announced". Anime News Network. 2004-07-15. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
- "全話見るなら「GANTZ BOX 1&2」がお得です!" (in Japanese). Official Gantz website. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "ADV Releases Gantz Details". Anime News Network. 2004-12-14. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
- "Gantz - Game of Death (Vol. 1)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "Gantz, Vol. 10 - Endgame (2006)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "Gantz Season 1 Box Set (2006)". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "Gantz Season 2 Box Set". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "Gantz: Perfect Score Collection". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "Funimation Adds Chrono Crusade, Gantz, Kaleido Star, Peacemaker". Anime News Network. 2010-06-25.
- Anoop Gantayat (2005-02-22). "New From Konami: Gantz". IGN. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- "Gantz Sci-Fi Manga To Be Adapted in Two Live-Action Films". Anime News Network. 2009-10-07.
- "Info dump: list of US theaters to screen Gantz in 2011". Japanator. 2010-12-16.
- "World Premiere of Gantz on January 20". Asia Pacific Arts. 2001-01-19.
- "GANTZ/MANUAL" (in Japanese). Shueisha. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "Japanese Comic Ranking, June 22–28". Anime News Network. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Japanese Comic Ranking, October 21–27". Anime News Network. 2008-10-29. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "Gantz U.S. Showings to Add Live Interview with 2 Stars". Anime News Network. November 29, 2010. Retrieved November 29, 2010.
- "Manga Movie GANTZ Brings Out the Stars at Hollywood Premiere". About.com. January 24, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
- "New York Times Manga Best Seller List, April 5–11". Anime News Network. 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- Aoki, Deb. "2008 Best New Manga". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
- "New ADV Announces 2nd Season of GANTZ". Anime News Network. July 8, 2005. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Official website (Japanese)
- Official Gantz: The Game website (Japanese)
- Official Gantz live-action films website (Japanese)
- Gantz (manga) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- Gantz (anime) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- Gantz at the Internet Movie Database