Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Garzê Prefecture
甘孜州 · དཀར་མཛེས་ཁུལ།
Autonomous prefectures
甘孜藏族自治州
དཀར་མཛེས་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་
Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Seda County
Seda County
Location of Garzê Prefecture in Sichuan
Location of Garzê Prefecture in Sichuan
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Prefecture seat Kangding County (Lucheng)
Area
 • Total 151,078 km2 (58,332 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 880,000
 • Density 5.8/km2 (15/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website gzz.gov.cn
Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese name
Chinese 甘孜藏族自治州
Abbreviated as "Garzê Prefecture"
Chinese 甘孜州
Tibetan name
Tibetan དཀར་མཛེས་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་

Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Tibetan: དཀར་མཛེས་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་; Chinese: 甘孜藏族自治州) — is an autonomous prefecture occupying the western arm of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. It is sometimes spelled as "Kardze" and Garzin by non-government sources.

The prefecture's area is 151,078 square kilometres (58,332 sq mi). The population is approximately 880,000, with Tibetans accounting for 77.8% of the total population. The capital city of Garzê is Kangding (Dardo).

History[edit]

Garzê was traditionally part of the historical region of Kham.

During the period of rule by the Republic of China (1912–1949), Garzê became nominally part of Xikang province, which included parts of former Kham.

In 1930, the Tibetan army invaded Garzê, capturing it without much resistance. However, in 1932, the Tibetan army withdrew after suffering defeats elsewhere at the hands of the warlord of Qinghai, Ma Bufang. Chinese warlord Liu Wenhui reoccupied Garzê, and signed an agreement with the Tibetans formalizing his control of the area east of the upper Yangtze River (Chang Jiang), which corresponds roughly with eastern Kham.

In 1950, following the defeat of the Kuomintang forces by the People's Liberation Army, the area fell within the control of the People's Republic of China. Eastern Xikang was merged with Sichuan in 1955, where Garzê became an autonomous prefecture.

Population[edit]

According to the census of 2000, Garzê had a population of 897,239 (population density: 5.94 people/km²).

nationality population proportion
Tibetans 703,168 78.37%
Han Chinese 163,648 18.24%
Yi 22,946 2.56%
Qiang 2,860 0.32%
Hui 2,190 0.24%
Naxi 760 0.08%
Mongolians 477 0.05%
Bai 292 0.03%
others 898 0.11%

Languages[edit]

Garzê is highly linguistically diverse, and has many Qiangic languages.

Religion[edit]

Tibetan Buddhism is historically the predominant religion practiced in Garzê. Protests by monks supporting the autonomy of Tibet and Tibetan human rights have been increasingly occurring at temples and monasteries in the Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

Tibetan Buddhist monasteries here include:

Subdivisions[edit]

Garzê comprises 18 counties:

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
Garzi mcp.png
1 Kangding County 康定县 Kāngdìng Xiàn དར་མདོ་རྫོང་ dar mdo rdzong 130,142 11,486 11.33
2 Luding County 泸定县 Lúdìng Xiàn ལྕགས་ཟམ་རྫོང་ lcags zam rdzong 83,386 2,165 38.51
3 Danba County 丹巴县 Dānbā Xiàn རོང་བྲག་རྫོང་ rong brag rdzong 59,696 4,656 12.82
4 Jiulong County 九龙县 Jiǔlóng Xiàn བརྒྱད་ཟུར་རྫོང་ brgyad zur rdzong 62,133 6,766 9.18
5 Yajiang County 雅江县 Yǎjiāng Xiàn ཉག་ཆུ་རྫོང་ nyag chu rdzong 50,225 7,558 6.64
6 Dawu County 道孚县 Dàofú Xiàn རྟ་འུ་རྫོང་ rta 'u rdzong 55,396 7,053 7.85
7 Luhuo County 炉霍县 Lúhuò Xiàn བྲག་འགོ་རྫོང་ brag 'go rdzong 46,558 4,601 10.11
8 Garzê County 甘孜县 Gānzī Xiàn དཀར་མཛེས་རྫོང་ dkar mdzes rdzong 68,523 7,303 9.38
9 Xinlong County 新龙县 Xīnlóng Xiàn ཉག་རོང་རྫོང་ nyag rong rdzong 50,393 8,570 5.88
10 Dêgê County 德格县 Dégé Xiàn སྡེ་དགེ་རྫོང་ sde dge rdzong 81,503 11,025 7.39
11 Baiyü County 白玉县 Báiyù Xiàn དཔལ་ཡུལ་རྫོང་ dpal yul rdzong 56,290 10,386 5.41
12 Sêrxü County 石渠县 Shíqú Xiàn སེར་ཤུལ་རྫོང་ ser shul rdzong 80,834 24,944 3.24
13 Sêrtar County 色达县 Sèdá Xiàn གསེར་ཐར་རྫོང་ gser thar rdzong 58,606 9,332 6.28
14 Litang County 理塘县 Lǐtáng Xiàn ལི་ཐང་རྫོང་ li thang rdzong 69,046 13,677 5.04
15 Batang County 巴塘县 Bātáng Xiàn འབའ་ཐང་རྫོང་ 'ba' thang rdzong 48,649 7,852 6.19
16 Xiangcheng County 乡城县 Xiāngchéng Xiàn ཕྱག་འཕྲེང་རྫོང་ phyag 'phreng rdzong 33,170 5,016 6.61
17 Daocheng County 稻城县 Dàochéng Xiàn འདབ་པ་རྫོང་ 'dab pa rdzong 31,113 7,323 4.24
18 Dêrong County 得荣县 Déróng Xiàn སྡེ་རོང་རྫོང་ sde rong rdzong 26,209 2,916 8.98

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°02′58″N 101°57′45″E / 30.04944°N 101.96250°E / 30.04944; 101.96250 . Traditional folk houses in Garze, Sichuan