Gao Xiang (Three Kingdoms)

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This article is about the Shu Han general of the Three Kingdoms period. For the Qing Dynasty painter, see Gao Xiang.
Gao Xiang
Traditional Chinese 高翔
Simplified Chinese 高翔
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gao.

Gao Xiang was a military general of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history.

Biography[edit]

Gao Xiang served Shu as General of the Right (右将军). He followed Liu Bei on the Hanzhong Campaign between 217 and 219. Gao Xiang and Chen Shi camped at Yangping but were defeated by Cao Cao's general Xu Huang. In 228, Gao Xiang followed Zhuge Liang on the Northern Expeditions, serving as a subordinate of Ma Su, and they stationed at Liucheng. When Ma Su was defeated and Liucheng fell to the enemy general Guo Huai, Gao Xiang retreated. In 231, Gao Xiang was appointed Front Commander (前部督), leading an army together with Wei Yan and Wu Ban, defeating the enemy commander Sima Yi. They collected 3,000 enemy heads, 5,000 suits of armour, and 3,100 crossbows. When the supply official Li Yan failed in his mission, Gao Xiang and Zhuge Liang proposed that Li be relieved of his duties.

In fiction[edit]

Gao Xiang is listed in chapter 91 of Luo Guanzhong's historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms as a Center Army Right General, and he fills a minor role in the following chapters, being stationed near Liliu, he joins with Wei Yan and Wang Ping to retake Jieting. However they fail and Ma Su is executed by Zhuge Liang for the defeat.

Later Gao Xiang is involved in Zhuge Liang's Northern Expeditions. In chapter 102, he leads 500 men disguised as soldiers of Shu. Their purpose is to capture the wooden oxen that are part of the Shu convoy.

See also[edit]