Gao Yao (minister)
Gao Yao (simplified Chinese: 皋陶; traditional Chinese: 臯陶; pinyin: Gao Yao; Wade–Giles: Kao Yao) was the Minister for Law of Emperor Shun in prehistorical China according to tradition. Gao Yao became a political senior advisor of Yu the Great. His father was Shaohao. He was considered the ancestor of the imperial house of Li of the Tang dynasty, which honoured him as Emperor Deming (德明皇帝).
He is cited admonishing his king: "Heaven can see and hear, and does so through the eyes and ears of the people; Heaven rewards the virtuous and punishes the wicked, and does it through the people." This admonition does not promote a democratic idea; it conforms to the Confucian principle of humane actions.
Some Chinese scholars have argued he is the same person as Ye the Great, said by Sima Qian to have been the father of Fei the Great who was later known as Boyi. Ye was reckoned as one of the ancestors of the House of Ying in the Qin and of the ruling house of Zhao. Gao Yao is sometimes considered the father of Boyi.
- «New Vitality from Cultural Regeneration», Taiwan Review, Vol. 57, No. 12, Dec. 2007
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