Gaoli bangzi

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Gaoli bangzi (Chinese: 高麗棒子; pinyin: gāolì bàngzi) (Hangul: 고려봉자) is a common Chinese slang term for Koreans,[1] and has a long history of being used as a deprecatory racial insult.[2]


Chinese anti-Japanese poster published after the revenge by Koreans.

The term gaoli (高麗, Goryeo) is used to express one of the ancient Korean kingdoms. The term bangzi (棒子) is used to express billy club.

One of the popular yet incorrect beliefs is that the term is originated from the baton-wielding Korean guards during the Japanese occupation of Manchuria. Not trusted by the Japanese, the Korean guards were not given firearms, only batons[citation needed]. The guards often enjoyed teasing Chinese people and beating them with batons, earning enmity among the Chinese[citation needed]. But the use of this slang is seen as early as Emperor Kangxi's time, so the above explanation doesn't work. At the moment no one knows the exact origin of Gaoli Bangzi.

Terry Gou, the president of Hon Hai Precision referred to Koreans as gaoli bangzi in the general meeting of shareholders on June 18, 2012.[1]

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