|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,963 km2 (758 sq mi)|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Gaoyou (simplified Chinese: 高邮; traditional Chinese: 高郵; pinyin: gāoyóu; literally "high post (stop)", also called Qinyou (simplified Chinese: 秦邮; traditional Chinese: 秦郵; pinyin: qínyóu); "Qín post stop") is a cultural city with a long history in the centre of China's Jiangsu province, located in the Yangtze River Delta on the north side of the Yangtze River. In 2000, it had a total topulation of 830,000 residing in 1,963 km2 (758 sq mi).
- Lingtang Hui Ethnic Township (菱塘回族乡)
Gaoyou was founded in 223 BC, but recent archaeological finds at the Longqiuzhuang site in Gaoyou has found evidence of rice growing dating back 5,500-7,000 years. In 1375, early in the Ming Dynasty by the Hongwu Emperor, a post office was constructed called Yucheng You. At that time, it was one of the 46 important mail posts along the Grand Canal between Beijing and Nanjing. It was in use until the 1911 Revolution.
The profound history and culture of Gaoyou fostered Qin Shaoyou, the well-known poet in the Song Dynasty, Wang Nianshun and Wang Yinzhi (father and son), the celebrated classics interpreters in the Qing Dynasty, Sun Yunzhu, the modern paleontologist and Wang Chenqi, the contemporary writer.
Gaoyou is located at 32° 47' N, 119° 25' E in the southern part of the Jianghuai Plain, 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Yangzhou on the east shore of Gaoyou Lake, while its administrative area reaches into the northern end of Shaobo Lake (邵伯镇). The Beijing-Shanghai expressway and the Grand Canal of China run though the city center from the north to the south.
1. The Yucheng Post and Museum (in Chinese) A postal stop in Qing dynasty (221 BC). It was built as a post station in AD 1375. Largest and oldest historic post-office in the world.picture.
4.People's Plaza (AD 2002), Kuixing Pavilion (AD 971, high 20 m, 3 stories) and City Wall (AD 1623), Jingtusi Pagoda (Built in AD 1612, height 30 meters, 7 stories) and Zhenguosi Pagoda (Built in AD 873-889, height 34 m, 7 stories). An odd number of stories is considered yang based on the philosophy of Yin and Yang.
Gaoyou has a very fast growing economy. It is home to approximately 3,000 industrial enterprises, most of which belong to the following sectors: machinery, light industry, textile, mechanical industry, building materials, and electronics.
Agriculture plays a large part in the overall economy of the region. The well-known feature product is "double yolk duck egg".
- Gaoyou Information Website
- Gaoyou City English guide
- (English) (Chinese) "Illustrated Album of Yangzhou Prefecture", from 1573-1620, has illustrations of Gaoyou