Garapan

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Paseo de Marianas

Garapan is the largest village and the center of the tourism industry on the island of Saipan, which is a part of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). Garapan, as a census-designated place, has an area of 1.2 km² [1] and a population of 3,588 (census of population, 2000).[2]

Description[edit]

Garapan is located on Saipan’s west coast and is home to the majority of the island’s major hotels and the American Memorial Park, which honors American soldiers who died during the Battle of Saipan.[3] Numerous shops, restaurants, and one of the CNMI's largest elementary schools, Garapan Elementary School, is located here. Garapan also has the Paseo De Marianas, a popular tourist attraction. One of the several churches on island is located in Garapan, just to the right of the Horiguchi Building is Kristo Rai Church.

Prior to its dissolution, Pacific Island Aviation was headquartered on the second floor of the Cabrera Center in Garapan.[4]

History[edit]

Garapan in the Japanese period

Garapan was a minor settlement during the Spanish colonial period of Saipan, and a location to which the Chamorros forcibly relocated from other islands in the Northern Marianas were housed before being transferred to Guam. During the German colonial period (1898-1914) a road was built connecting Garapan with Tanapang. The village was selected by the Empire of Japan when Japan acquired the South Seas Mandate from the League of Nations in 1920 to be the capital of their holdings in the Mariana Islands. Under the Nanyo Kohatsu Kabushiki Kaisha, the town rapidly developed, with a school, hospital, courthouse, bank, newspaper offices, cinema, and numerous public buildings constructed. By the mid 1930s, Garapan had a population of approximately 14,000 people, mostly Japanese and ethnic Koreans, Taiwanese and Okinawans, and was nicknamed “Tokyo of the South Seas”.

This prosperity came to an abrupt end in World War II. During the Battle of Saipan in 1944, Garapan was totally destroyed, and thousands of its civilian inhabitants were killed. The survivors were forcibly repatriated to the Japanese home islands after the surrender of Japan and the ruins of Garapan remained unpopulated until the late 1960s and 1970s, when the area was redeveloped into large resort hotels and condominiums for the tourist industry. Some of the few remaining structures from the Japanese period, such as the Nan'yo-cho Saipan Hospital, are preserved on the National Register of Historic Places.


References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ American Memorial Park
  4. ^ "Contact." Pacific Island Aviation. April 6, 2004. Retrieved on September 1, 2009.

Coordinates: 15°12′22″N 145°43′05″E / 15.20611°N 145.71806°E / 15.20611; 145.71806