Garcia-class frigate

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A Garcia-class frigate: USS Albert David (FF-1050) in in December 1975.
USS Albert David (FF-1050) underway in December 1975.
Class overview
Builders: Various
Operators:  United States Navy
 Brazilian Navy
Naval Jack of Pakistan.svg Pakistan Navy
Preceded by: Bronstein class frigate
Succeeded by: Knox class frigate
Subclasses: Brooke class frigate
Built: 1962–1968
In commission: 1964–1990 (USN)
Completed: 10 + Glover
Laid up: 1 (as Para D27 in Brazilian service)
Retired: 9 + Glover
General characteristics
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 2,624 tons (light)
Length: 414 ft 6 in (126.34 m)
Beam: 44 ft 1 in (13.44 m)
Draft: 24 ft 6 in (7.47 m)
Propulsion: 2 Foster-Wheeler boilers, 1 steam turbine, 35,000 shp, single screw
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
Range: 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 16 officers
231 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
AN/SPS-40 air search radar
AN/SPS-10 surface search radar
AN/SQS-26 bow mounted sonar[1]
Armament: 2 × 5"/38 Mk 30 (127mm)(2 × 1)
1 8-tube ASROC Mk16 launcher (16 missiles)
6 × 12.75 in (324mm) Mk 32 (2 × 3) torpedo tubes, Mk 46 torpedoes
2 × MK 37 torpedo tubes (fixed, stern) (removed later)
Aircraft carried: Gyrodyne QH-50 (planned) / SH-2 LAMPS

Garcia-class frigates were United States Navy warships. These frigates were originally ocean escorts bearing the hull classification DE or DEG until 1975. The ships were commissioned between 1964 to 1968 and decommissioned between 1988 and 1990.

Description[edit]

Frigates fulfill a Protection of Shipping (POS) mission as anti-submarine warfare (ASW) combatants for amphibious expeditionary forces, underway replenishment groups and merchant convoys.

The Garcia class was a larger version of the Bronstein class.

The Bronstein ocean escort was a response to the development of high speed nuclear submarines in the late 1950s. They were powered by steam engines instead of diesel engines and incorporated a first class anti-submarine warfare (ASW) weapon system: the SQS-26BX sonar, MK 112 ASROC rocket launcher, and MK 32 torpedo tubes. Gun (naval artillery) armament (MK 33 3 inch/50 caliber) was changed in the Garcia class to two MK 30 5 inch/38 caliber guns.

There were two distinct breeds of ships bearing the DE hull classification, the World War II destroyer escorts (some of which were converted to DERs) and the postwar DE/DEG classes, which were known as ocean escorts despite carrying the same type symbol as the World War II destroyer escorts. All DEs, DEGs, and DERs were reclassified as FFs, FFGs, or FFRs on June 30, 1975 by the United States Navy 1975 ship reclassification.

After decommissioning, USS Bradley (FF-1041), USS Davidson (FF-1045), USS Sample (FF-1048), and USS Albert David (FF-1050) were transferred to the Brazilian Navy, as the Pernambuco (D 30), Paraíba (D 28), Paraná (D 29), and Pará (D 27), respectively. Only Pará (D 27) remains in active reserve as of 2009.

USS Glover (FF-1098) was a Garcia class modified for research use, commissioned as AGDE-1 in 1965, redesignated AGFF-1 in 1975, and redesignated FF-1098 in 1979.


Units[edit]

Ship Name Hull No. Builder Commission–
Decommission
Fate Link
Garcia FF-1040 Bethlehem Steel, San Francisco 1964–1989 Disposed of by Navy title transfer to the Maritime Administration, 28 March 1994 [1]
Bradley FF-1041 Bethlehem Steel, San Francisco 1965–1988 Sold to Brazil as Pernambuco (D 30) [2]
Edward McDonnell FF-1043 Avondale Shipyard, Louisiana 1965–1988 Disposed of by scrapping, dismantling, 21 August 2002 [3]
Brumby FF-1044 Avondale Shipyard, Louisiana 1965–1989 Disposed of by Navy title transfer to the Maritime Administration, 28 September 1994 [4]
Davidson FF-1045 Avondale Shipyard, Louisiana 1965–1988 Sold to Brazil as Paraiba (D28) [5]
Voge FF-1047 Defoe Shipbuilding Company, Michigan 1966–1989 Disposed of by scrapping, dismantling, 19 January 2001 [6]
Sample FF-1048 Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company, Seattle 1968–1988 Sold to Brazil as Paraná (D 29), 2001 [7]
Koelsch FF-1049 Defoe Shipbuilding Company, Michigan 1967–1989 Disposed of by Navy title transfer to the Maritime Administration, 28 September 1994 [8]
Albert David FF-1050 Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company Seattle 1968–1989 Sold to Brazil as Pará (D 27), 2001 [9]
O'Callahan FF-1051 Defoe Shipbuilding Company, Michigan 1968–1988 Disposed of by Navy title transfer to the Maritime Administration, 28 March 1994 [10]
Glover FF-1098 Bath Iron Works 1965–1990 Disposed of, sold by DRMS for scrapping, 15 April 1994 [11]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Polmar, Norman "The U.S. Navy: Sonars, Part 1" United States Naval Institute Proceedings July 1981 p.119

External links[edit]