Garcinia atroviridis

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Garcinia atroviridis
BungaAsamKeping.jpg
Flowering Garcinia atroviridis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Genus: Garcinia
Species: G. atroviridis
Binomial name
Garcinia atroviridis
Griff. ex T.Anderson

Garcinia atroviridis, known as Asam Gelugur, asam gelugo, or asam keping in Malay, (Thai: ส้มแขก) is a large rainforest tree native to peninsular Malaysia.[1] This species grows wild throughout peninsular Malaysia but is also widely cultivated, especially in the northern states, owing to its economic and medicinal value. Garcinia is a large perennial plant commonly found in evergreen forests in the southern region of Thailand and Malaysia.

Description[edit]

Tree of Garcinia atroviridis

The Asam Geluger tree grows to a height of more than 20 m and has a long trunk, smooth grey bark and drooping branches. The leaves are dark green, shiny, long and narrow with a pointed tip and upturned edges. The flowers are dark red. The round fruits are borne singly on twig ends about 7–10 cm in diameter. The ripe fruits are bright orange yellow, which are sliced, dried and used in curries or stewed in plenty of sugar to be eaten.

Uses[edit]

Fruits of Garcinia atroviridis

The fruit contains citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid and ascorbic acid, hydroxycitric acid, and flavonoids.[2]

Ripe Asam fruit is bright-yellow orange. Sun-dried slices of the fruits, locally known as "asam keping", are commercially available and are popularly used as a vegetable salad and is considered extremely sour. The fruit is sliced, dried then stewed and used as a common ingredient in Asian dishes such as curries and soups.

Asam Gelugor is a perennial fruit tree native to the tropical climate in Malaysia. The trees can also be found in other parts of South East Asia, particularly in Thailand where demand for the Asam fruit is increasing.

Dried Asam Gelugor ready for cooking

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hassan, Dr. W. E. (2006). Healing Herbs of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Federal Land Development Agency. ISBN 978-983-99544-2-5
  2. ^ Muensritharam, L; Tolieng, V; Chaichantipyuth, C; Petsom, A; Nhujak, T (2008). "Capillary zone electrophoresis for separation and analysis of hydroxycitric acid and hydroxycitric acid lactone: Application to herbal products of Garcinia atroviridis Griff". Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 46 (3): 577–82. doi:10.1016/j.jpba.2007.11.008. PMID 18160244. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hassan, Dr. W. E. (2006). Healing Herbs of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Federal Land Development Agency. ISBN 978-983-99544-2-5
  • Bodeker, G. (2009). Health and Beauty from the Rainforest: Malaysian Traditions of Ramuan. Kuala Lumpur: Didier Millet. ISBN 978-981-4217-91-0