Garda Síochána Ombudsman Commission
The Garda Síochána Ombudsman Commission (GSOC) is an independent statutory body in the Ireland charged with overseeing the Garda Síochána, the national police force. It is a three member body established under the Garda Síochána Act, 2005 to deal with complaints from members of the public about the conduct of Gardaí (police officers).
The commission was established in December 2005, and replaced the Garda Síochána Complaints Board. The Commission has more powers than its predecessor and, unlike the Complaints Board, it is not made up of members of the force. The first three commissioners were appointed in May 2006 and the commission commenced hearing complaints in May 2007.
Powers, functions and membership
It is empowered to:
- Directly and independently investigate complaints against members of the Garda Síochána.
- Investigate any matter, even where no complaint has been made, where it appears that a garda officer may have committed an offence or behaved in a way that would justify disciplinary proceedings.
- Investigate any practise, policy or procedure of the Garda Síochána with a view to reducing the incidence of related complaints.
The GSOC is to provide an independent and effective civilian oversight of policing. It is to deal with the public's complaints concerning Gardaí fairly and efficiently so that everyone can have confidence in the complaints system.
Three people make up the GSOC. As of December 2012, they were Carmel Foley (former Director of Consumer Affairs, first appointed in 2006), Simon O'Brien (a former London police officer, appointed in 2011) and Kieran FitzGerald (formerly a journalist, appointed in 2011). Past members include Conor Brady (former editor of The Irish Times and author of a book on the history of the Gardaí) and Dermot Gallagher (former secretary general of the Department of Foreign Affairs) who replaced the late Judge Kevin Haugh as chairman.
2007 Annual Report
According to its 2007 Annual Report, in its first year the GSOC received 2,084 complaints from members of the public and 294 referrals from the Garda Commissioner. A total of 556 allegations were deemed inadmissible. Since the inception of the office, the GSOC had sent nine files to the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), five of which the director decided not to proceed with prosecution. A decision on the other four were pending.
Complaints arising from Corrib gas protests
Because of the large number of complaints in 2007 from County Mayo, arising from protests at the Corrib gas project, the Commission wrote to then Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform Brian Lenihan requesting a review of how the protests were policed under section 106 of the Garda Síochána Act. The minister said he "did not feel it was appropriate to proceed". His successor Dermot Ahern gave a similar answer in the Dáil when the request was repeated by Sinn Féin two months later.
The GSOC recommended that disciplinary action be taken against an unnamed senior member of An Garda Síochána in relation to the handling of a protest over Corrib gas in north Mayo. The GSOC investigation was undertaken under section 95 of the Garda Síochána Act, 2005, after receipt of complaints over Garda handling of a protest at Pollathomas pier in June 2007. Some 20 civilians and two Gardaí were injured when a landowner objected to trespass on his property by contractors for Shell EP Ireland. Some 68 Gardaí were contacted by the GSOC – a move criticised by the Association of Garda Sergeants and Inspectors.
The GSOC had received up to October 2009 a total of 111 complaints in regard to policing of the protests, of which 78 were deemed admissible. The Director of Public Prosecutions was sent seven files but did not authorise criminal prosecution of Gardaí in any of the seven cases.
2008 Annual Report
In 2008, a total of 4,227 allegations arose from 2,681 complaints. Allegations of abuse of authority, neglect of duty and discourtesy constituted 75 per cent of complaints received. Assault accounted for 13 per cent. A total of 1,360 allegations were deemed inadmissible. The 2008 report revealed that 31 files were sent to the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), identifying 44 potential defendants. The DPP gave 11 directions for prosecution. One Garda was convicted of dangerous driving, arising from a GSOC investigation of an incident in 2007. Ten others were awaiting court dates at the end of 2008, the report said. The DPP gave 30 directions for no prosecution. The GSOC received 129 referrals from the Garda Commissioner, in cases in which it appeared to the commissioner that the conduct of a Garda may have resulted in the death of, or serious harm to, a person.
In February 2011 the Commission rejected allegations by a group representing almost 12,000 Gardaí that it behaved in an "excessive and oppressive" manner when gathering evidence in the case of a Garda who was charged with assault.
In December 2012 the GSOC exercised its powers of arrest for the first time, detaining a County Galway Garda for questioning in relation to an allegation of sexual assault.
- GSOC website biographies
- Annual Report, 2007
- Hickey, Shane (2 May 2008). "Complaints range from discourtesy to alleged assault". Irish Independent.
- Mayo ranks top on Garda complaints
- Irish Times, 16 May 2008
- "Watchdog recommends disciplining senior garda – The Irish Times – Fri, Oct 30, 2009". The Irish Times. 30 October 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- "DPP sent seven files on Corrib policing – The Irish Times – Tue, Nov 03, 2009". The Irish Times. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- "Abuse of authority is main complaint to Garda watchdog – The Irish Times – Fri, May 29, 2009". The Irish Times. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- Crime, CONOR LALLY (9 February 2011). "Ombudsman rejects gardai 'heavy-handed' claims". The Irish Times.
- "Ombudsman rejects behaviour claims from GRA". RTÉ News. 8 February 2011.
- "Garda watchdog makes its first arrest", The Irish News, 12 December 2012