Gardanne

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Gardanne
View of Gardanne by Cézanne
View of Gardanne by Cézanne
Coat of arms of Gardanne
Coat of arms
Gardanne is located in France
Gardanne
Gardanne
Coordinates: 43°27′19″N 5°28′34″E / 43.4553°N 5.476°E / 43.4553; 5.476Coordinates: 43°27′19″N 5°28′34″E / 43.4553°N 5.476°E / 43.4553; 5.476
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Gardanne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Roger Meï
Area
 • Land1 27.02 km2 (10.43 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 21,121
 • Population2 density 780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13041 / 13120
Elevation 170–387 m (558–1,270 ft)
(avg. 205 m or 673 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

( I nic nie rozumiem. )

Gardanne is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France.

Geography[edit]

It is close to Aix-en-Provence and Marseille and lies on the rail link connecting the two cities.

History[edit]

Walls dating back to the first century AD have been found.[1]

In 1454 René d'Anjou bought the estate and would go there until 1480.[1] In 1482 it was bought back by the Forbins[1] and in 1676 the villagers themselves bought back their own land.[1]

In the 1860s a railway was built[1] and a little later mines were dug, thus attracting Italian, Armenian, Polish, Czech, Spanish and African workers to the village.[1] The deep mine, one of the last surviving in France, was closed down in 2003.[1]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 2,253 —    
1800 2,353 +4.4%
1806 2,428 +3.2%
1821 2,823 +16.3%
1831 3,234 +14.6%
1836 2,795 −13.6%
1841 2,609 −6.7%
1846 2,869 +10.0%
1851 2,837 −1.1%
1856 2,710 −4.5%
1861 2,739 +1.1%
1866 2,570 −6.2%
1872 2,566 −0.2%
1876 3,062 +19.3%
1881 2,781 −9.2%
1886 2,657 −4.5%
1891 2,797 +5.3%
1896 3,062 +9.5%
1901 3,593 +17.3%
1906 4,062 +13.1%
1911 4,242 +4.4%
1921 5,301 +25.0%
1926 6,460 +21.9%
1931 7,128 +10.3%
1936 7,334 +2.9%
1946 7,979 +8.8%
1954 8,973 +12.5%
1962 11,261 +25.5%
1968 12,601 +11.9%
1975 14,120 +12.1%
1982 15,122 +7.1%
1990 17,864 +18.1%
1999 19,323 +8.2%
2008 21,121 +9.3%

Politics[edit]

The commune of Gardanne has been controlled by the Parti Communiste Français under Roger Meï since 1977. Voting is usually towards the left-wing, although rather uncharacteristically Nicolas Sarkozy gained 53.1% of the vote in the second round of the French presidential election, 2007.[citation needed]

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]