Garden Grove, California

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Garden Grove, California
City
City of Garden Grove
Flag of Garden Grove, California
Flag
Official seal of Garden Grove, California
Seal
Official logo of Garden Grove, California
Logo
Orange County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Garden Grove Highlighted.svg
Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028Coordinates: 33°46′44″N 117°57′37″W / 33.77889°N 117.96028°W / 33.77889; -117.96028
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Orange
Founded 1874
Incorporated June 18, 1956[1]
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Bruce Broadwater
Steve Jones
Dina Nguyen
Kris Beard
Chris Phan
 • City Manager Matthew J. Fertal
 • City Clerk Kathleen Bailor
Area[2]
 • Total 17.959 sq mi (46.513 km2)
 • Land 17.941 sq mi (46.467 km2)
 • Water 0.018 sq mi (0.046 km2)  0.10%
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 170,883
 • Rank 5th in Orange County
25th in California
137th in the United States
 • Density 9,500/sq mi (3,700/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92840-92846
Area code(s) 714/657
FIPS code 06-29000
GNIS feature ID 1660662
Website www.Ci.Garden-Grove.CA.US
Crystal Cathedral in Garden Grove

Garden Grove is a city located in northern Orange County, California. The population was 170,883 at the 2010 U.S. Census. State Route 22, also known as the Garden Grove Freeway, passes through the city in an east-west direction. Garden Grove has the second-largest Vietnamese American population (47,331 (2010)) and second highest concentration (27.7%) of any city in the nation.

History[edit]

Garden Grove was founded by Alonzo Cook in 1874. A school district and Methodist church were organized that year. It remained a small rural crossroads until the arrival of the railroad in 1905. The rail connection helped the town prosper with crops of orange, walnuts, chili peppers and later strawberries. In 1933, much of the town's central business district was destroyed by the Long Beach earthquake, and one person was killed at the high school. The post-World War II boom led to rapid development, and Garden Grove was incorporated as a city in 1956 with about 44,000 residents.

By 1960, the population had grown to 85,000; by 1970 it was 120,000. After the Fall of Saigon in 1975, there was a large influx of Vietnamese refugees settling in Garden Grove, especially in the late 1970s and throughout the 80s, forming a large percentage of Asian Americans in the city.

Strawberry Festival[edit]

An annual event held over Memorial Day weekend, the Garden Grove Strawberry Festival is one of the largest community festivals in the western United States, attracting an estimated 250,000 visitors.[3][4] It began in 1958 and celebrates the city's agricultural past, which includes cultivating crops such as chili peppers, oranges, walnuts and strawberries. Part of the festivities include the cutting of the world's largest strawberry shortcake, carnival rides and vendors and a celebrity-filled parade.[5] Numerous Garden Grove organizations, including the Miss Garden Grove Scholarship Program, are part of the Memorial Day weekend festivities every year. In commemoration of Garden Grove's 50th anniversary, the city painted some of its fire hydrants with a design that featured a strawberry, recognizing the festival as a big part of Garden Grove's history.l[6][7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.5 km2 (18.0 sq mi) 0.10% of which is water.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[8] reported that Garden Grove had a population of 170,883. The population density was 9,515.3 people per square mile (3,673.9/km²). The racial makeup of Garden Grove was 68,149 (39.9%) White, 2,155 (1.3%) African American, 983 (0.6%) Native American, 63,451 (37.1%) Asian, 1,110 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 28,916 (16.9%) from other races, and 6,119 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 63,079 persons (36.9%). Vietnamese Americans numbered 47,331 of the population. At 27.7% this was the highest concentration of any city in the U.S. except for neighboring Westminster. Non-Hispanic Whites were 22.6% of the population,[9] down from 90.6% in 1970.[10]

The Census reported that 168,942 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 1,234 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 707 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 46,037 households, out of which 21,361 (46.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 26,659 (57.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,866 (14.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,588 (7.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,025 (4.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 269 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,491 households (14.1%) were made up of individuals and 2,842 (6.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.67. There were 37,113 families (80.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.94.

The population was spread out with 43,763 people (25.6%) under the age of 18, 17,383 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 49,105 people (28.7%) aged 25 to 44, 42,106 people (24.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,526 people (10.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 7.7 males.

There were 47,755 housing units at an average density of 2,659.1 per square mile (1,026.7/km²), of which 26,240 (57.0%) were owner-occupied, and 19,797 (43.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 96,308 people (56.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 72,634 people (42.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Garden Grove had a median household income of $59,988, with 15.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[11]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $206.0 million in Revenues, $193.0 million in expenditures, $1,098.9 million in total assets, $251.5 million in total liabilities, and $196.3 million in cash and investments.[12]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[13]

City department Director
City Manager Matthew J. Fertal
City Attorney Tom Nixon
Fire Chief David R. Barlag
Community Development Director Susan Emery
Information Technology Director Charles Kalil
Community Services Director Kim Huy
Human Resources Director Laura Stover
Police Chief Kevin Raney
Finance Director Kingsley Okereke
Public Works Director Bill Murray

Politics[edit]

Of the 65,208 registered voters in Garden Grove; 39.8% are Republicans and 38.7% are Democrats. The remaining 21.5% either declined to state political affiliation or are registered with one of the many smaller political parties.

Emergency services[edit]

Fire protection in Garden Grove is provided by the Garden Grove Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service. The Garden Grove Police Department provides law enforcement with mutual aid assistance offered at times by the Anaheim Police Department's helicopter, and the Orange County Sheriff's Department Air Unit.

State and federal[edit]

In the state legislature Garden Grove is located in the 34th and 35th Senate Districts, represented by Democrat Lou Correa (Santa Ana) and Republican Tom Harman (Huntington Beach) respectively, and in the 67th, 68th, and 69th Assembly District, represented by Republicans Jim Silva and Van Tran and Democrat Jose Solorio respectively. Federally, Garden Grove is split between California's 46th, 47th, and 48th congressional districts,[14] which are represented by Loretta Sanchez (DAnaheim), Alan Lowenthal (DLong Beach), and Dana Rohrabacher (RCosta Mesa) respectively.

Economy[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Prime Healthcare Services 516
2 Air Industries Corp. 465
3 Driessen Aircraft Interior Systems 370
4 Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics 363
5 OfficeMax 360
6 Hyatt Regency Orange County 350
7 GKN Aerospace Transparency Systems 331
8 NBTY 298
9 Crystal Cathedral Ministries 290
10 C & D Zodiac 286

Education[edit]

The Garden Grove Unified School District was established July 1965. The district has 70 schools in total: 47 elementary schools, ten intermediate schools, seven high schools, two continuation schools, two adult education centers, and two special education schools.

The district is the third largest among 28 public school in Orange County with 47,960, ranks 11th in size of more than 1,000 school districts in California, and is the 96th largest school district of 17,800 in the U.S.

GGUSD focuses on a core curriculum of basic skills development in reading, writing, science, history-social science, and mathematics. The district also offers music and visual arts instruction, electives, athletics, and leadership development. Their graduation rate stands at 80%.

Arts and culture[edit]

Garden Grove is home to two stage theaters, the Garden Grove Playhouse, the Gem Theater and the Festival Amphitheater. The Festival Amphitheater hosts Shakespeare Orange County, which presents an annual Shakespeare Festival each summer. Both venues are owned by the City of Garden Grove, but operated by outside entities. The Garden Grove Playhouse is operated by a non-profit group of the same name. The Gem Theater is currently operated by Damien Lorton and Nicole Cassesso of 'One More Productions'. The Festival Amphitheater is managed by Thomas Bradac, the producing artistic director of Shakespeare Orange County.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Sports[edit]

Politics[edit]

  • Jim Silva - current State Assemblyman, former Member of the Orange County Board of Supervisors, former Mayor of Seal Beach
  • Bill Thomas - Retired U.S. Congressman and former Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee (and alumnus of Garden Grove High School)
  • Robert K. Dornan- Former U.S. Congressman
  • Janet Nguyen - Orange County supervisor
  • Loretta Sanchez - U.S. Congresswoman
  • Curt Pringle - Former State Assemblyman, Speaker of the Assembly and former Mayor of Anaheim

Others[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. federal government. 
  3. ^ Bharath, Deepa (May 27, 2010). "Strawberry Festival kicks off today". The Orange County Register. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  4. ^ "About us". Garden Grove Strawberry Festival website. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  5. ^ Garden Grove Strawberry Festival- EVENTS Retrieved 2011-04-20
  6. ^ "Turning Golden". Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Showing off fire hydrants painted to note the city’s 50th anniversary". Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Garden Grove city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Garden Grove (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  10. ^ "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  11. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0629000.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
  13. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
  14. ^ "Communities of Interest - City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014. 
  15. ^ City of Garden Grove CAFR
  16. ^ "The Kids Aren't Alright by The Offspring". Retrieved 31 August 2010. 

External links[edit]