Garden Grove, California
|Garden Grove, California|
|City of Garden Grove|
Crystal Cathedral interior in 2005
Location in Orange County and the state of California
Vicinity of Garden Grove
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||June 18, 1956|
|• City Council||Mayor Bao Nguyen
|• Interim city manager||Allan L. Roeder|
|• Total||17.959 sq mi (46.513 km2)|
|• Land||17.941 sq mi (46.467 km2)|
|• Water||0.018 sq mi (0.046 km2) 0.10%|
|Elevation||89 ft (27 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||175,140|
|• Rank||5th in Orange County
25th in California
|• Density||9,500/sq mi (3,700/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660662, 2410568|
Garden Grove is a city in northern Orange County in the U.S. state of California, 34 miles (55 km) south of Los Angeles. The population was 170,883 at the 2010 United States Census. State Route 22, also known as the Garden Grove Freeway, passes through the city in an east-west direction.
- 1 History
- 2 Strawberry Festival
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Arts and culture
- 9 Notable natives and residents
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2011)|
Garden Grove was founded by Alonzo Cook in 1874. A school district and Methodist church were organized that year. It remained a small rural crossroads until the arrival of the railroad in 1905. The rail connection helped the town prosper with crops of orange, walnuts, chili peppers and later strawberries. In 1933, much of the town's central business district was destroyed by the Long Beach earthquake, and one person was killed at the high school. The post-World War II boom led to rapid development, and Garden Grove was incorporated as a city in 1956 with about 44,000 residents.
By 1960, the population had grown to 85,000; by 1970 it was 120,000. After the Fall of Saigon in 1975, there was a large influx of Vietnamese refugees settling in Garden Grove, especially in the late 1970s and throughout the 80s, forming a large percentage of Asian Americans in the city.
An annual event held over Memorial Day weekend, the Garden Grove Strawberry Festival is one of the largest community festivals in the western United States, attracting an estimated 250,000 visitors. It began in 1958 and celebrates the city's agricultural past, which includes cultivating crops such as chili peppers, oranges, walnuts and strawberries. Part of the festivities include the cutting of the world's largest strawberry shortcake, carnival rides and vendors and a celebrity-filled parade. Numerous Garden Grove organizations, including the Miss Garden Grove Scholarship Program, are part of the Memorial Day weekend festivities every year. In commemoration of Garden Grove's 50th anniversary, the city painted some of its fire hydrants with a design that featured a strawberry, recognizing the festival as a big part of Garden Grove's history.l
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.5 km2 (18.0 sq mi) 0.10% of which is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census
The 2010 United States Census reported that Garden Grove had a population of 170,883. The population density was 9,515.3 people per square mile (3,673.9/km²). The racial makeup of Garden Grove was 68,149 (39.9%) White, 2,155 (1.3%) Black, 983 (0.6%) Native American, 63,451 (37.1%) Asian, 1,110 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 28,916 (16.9%) from other races, and 6,119 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 63,079 persons (36.9%). Vietnamese Americans numbered 47,331 of the population. At 27.7% this was the highest concentration of any city in the U.S. except for neighboring Westminster. Non-Hispanic Whites were 22.6% of the population, down from 90.6% in 1970.
The Census reported that 168,942 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 1,234 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 707 (0.4%) were institutionalized.
There were 46,037 households, out of which 21,361 (46.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 26,659 (57.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,866 (14.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,588 (7.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,025 (4.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 269 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,491 households (14.1%) were made up of individuals and 2,842 (6.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.67. There were 37,113 families (80.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.94.
The population was spread out with 43,763 people (25.6%) under the age of 18, 17,383 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 49,105 people (28.7%) aged 25 to 44, 42,106 people (24.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 18,526 people (10.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 7.7 males.
There were 47,755 housing units at an average density of 2,659.1 per square mile (1,026.7/km²), of which 26,240 (57.0%) were owner-occupied, and 19,797 (43.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 96,308 people (56.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 72,634 people (42.5%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Garden Grove had a median household income of $59,988, with 15.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $206.0 million in Revenues, $193.0 million in expenditures, $1,098.9 million in total assets, $251.5 million in total liabilities, and $196.3 million in cash and investments.
The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:
|City Manager||Matthew J. Fertal|
|City Attorney||Tom Nixon|
|Fire Chief||David R. Barlag|
|Community Development Director||Susan Emery|
|Information Technology Director||Charles Kalil|
|Community Services Director||Kim Huy|
|Human Resources Director||Laura Stover|
|Police Chief||Kevin Raney|
|Finance Director||Kingsley Okereke|
|Public Works Director||Bill Murray|
Of the 65,208 registered voters in Garden Grove; 39.8% are Republicans and 38.7% are Democrats. The remaining 21.5% either declined to state political affiliation or are registered with one of the many smaller political parties.
Fire protection in Garden Grove is provided by the Garden Grove Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service. The Garden Grove Police Department provides law enforcement with mutual aid assistance offered at times by the Anaheim Police Department's helicopter, and the Orange County Sheriff's Department Air Unit.
State and federal representation
In the California State Assembly, Garden Grove is split between the the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Young Kim, the 69th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tom Daly, and the 72nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Travis Allen.
In the United States House of Representatives, Garden Grove is split between California's 46th, 47th, and 48th congressional districts, which are represented by Loretta Sanchez (D–Anaheim), Alan Lowenthal (D–Long Beach), and Dana Rohrabacher (R–Costa Mesa) respectively.
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Prime Healthcare Services||516|
|2||Air Industries Corp.||465|
|3||Driessen Aircraft Interior Systems||370|
|4||Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics||363|
|6||Hyatt Regency Orange County||350|
|7||GKN Aerospace Transparency Systems||331|
|9||Crystal Cathedral Ministries||290|
|10||C & D Zodiac||286|
The Garden Grove Unified School District was established July 1965. The district has 70 schools in total: 47 elementary schools, ten intermediate schools, seven high schools, two continuation schools, two adult education centers, and two special education schools.
The district is the third largest among 28 public school in Orange County with 47,960, ranks 11th in size of more than 1,000 school districts in California, and is the 96th largest school district of 17,800 in the U.S.
GGUSD focuses on a core curriculum of basic skills development in reading, writing, science, history-social science, and mathematics. The district also offers music and visual arts instruction, electives, athletics, and leadership development. Their graduation rate stands at 80%.
Arts and culture
Garden Grove is home to two stage theaters, the Garden Grove Playhouse, the Gem Theater and the Festival Amphitheater. The Festival Amphitheater hosts Shakespeare Orange County, which presents an annual Shakespeare Festival each summer. Both venues are owned by the City of Garden Grove, but operated by outside entities. The Garden Grove Playhouse is operated by a non-profit group of the same name. The Gem Theater is currently operated by Damien Lorton and Nicole Cassesso of 'One More Productions'. The Festival Amphitheater is managed by Thomas Bradac, the producing artistic director of Shakespeare Orange County.
Notable natives and residents
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2008)|
- Justin Chon - actor, was born here
- Wally George - talk-show host
- Scott Klopfenstein - backup singer, keyboardist, trumpeter and guitarist for the ska-punk band Reel Big Fish
- Dexter Holland - lead singer, The Offspring, also wrote the song "The Kids Aren't Alright" about the city
- Steve Martin - actor, comedian, musician and writer
- Jennette McCurdy - country music artist and actress, iCarly and Sam & Cat
- Monique Powell - lead singer, Save Ferris
- Eunice Pringle - actress, notorious for accusing movie mogul Alexander Pantages in 1929 of rape
- Kevin 'Noodles' Wasserman - lead guitarist, The Offspring
- Atreyu - a Metalcore band
- Kieu Chinh - actress
- Poreotics - dance crew
- Dave Mustaine - lead singer, Megadeth; played baseball in Garden Grove Eastside Little League, lived on Pearce Ave
- Basil "Bill" Poledouris - Musician, Motion Picture Film Score Music Composer
- Vicky Nguyen - News reporter, KFYR-TV, NBC Affiliate
- Bert Blyleven – Major League Baseball pitcher, Hall of Famer, color commentator, graduate of Santiago High School
- Bobby Crosby - MLB Rookie of the Year (2004), attended Pacifica High School
- Lenny Dykstra – MLB player with Mets, Phillies; graduate of Garden Grove High School
- Amanda Freed - Olympic gold medalist in softball (2004), attended Pacifica High School, Bell Intermediate and Patton Elementary
- Luis Gil - soccer player for Real Salt Lake
- Gary Hall, Sr. – Olympic swimmer, silver medalist
- Lorrin "Whitey" Harrison – legendary surfer and surfing innovator
- Mike Iupati – football player
- Jeremy Jackson - mixed martial artist
- Norm Johnson – NFL kicker
- Darryl Kile – MLB pitcher
- Leah O'Brien – softball infielder, Olympic gold medalist 1996
- Craig Paquette – MLB third baseman, graduate of Rancho Alamitos High School
- Nam Phan – mixed martial artist
- Troy Polamalu – NFL player with the Pittsburgh Steelers
- Dennis Sigalos - motorcycle speedway rider, winner of the 1982 Speedway World Pairs Championship
- Leo Sutherland - MLB player
- Ed Templeton – professional skateboarder and artist
- Alan Trammell – MLB shortstop and manager for the Detroit Tigers
- Matt Treanor – MLB catcher
- Randy Vataha – football player at Stanford, Jim Plunkett's favorite receiver
- Jim Silva - former California Assemblyman, former Member of the Orange County Board of Supervisors, former Mayor of Seal Beach
- Bill Thomas - Retired U.S. Congressman and former Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee (and alumnus of Garden Grove High School)
- Robert K. Dornan- Former U.S. Congressman
- Janet Nguyen - Orange County supervisor
- Loretta Sanchez - U.S. Congresswoman
- Curt Pringle - Former State Assemblyman, Speaker of the Assembly and former Mayor of Anaheim
- Scott Carpenter - test pilot, astronaut, and aquanaut - one of the original seven astronauts selected for NASA's Project Mercury
- Steve Fossett - aviator and adventurer
- Adam Yahiye Gadahn - American Al Q'aeda (born Adam Pearlman), English-speaking spokesperson for Bin Laden and Al Q'aeda (Arabic for "The Base")
- Scott Greenall - musician, recording engineer and producer
- Michael A. Monsoor - Navy SEAL, Medal of Honor recipient
- Tibor Rubin - Medal of Honor recipient
- Robert H. Schuller — television evangelist
- Nicole Brown Simpson - former wife of Heisman Trophy winner, NFL superstar and actor O.J. Simpson
- "City of Garden Grove". City of Garden Grove. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Manager". City of Garden Grove. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- "Garden Grove City Council". City of Garden Grove. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Garden Grove". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- "Garden Grove (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Bharath, Deepa (May 27, 2010). "Strawberry Festival kicks off today". The Orange County Register. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- "About us". Garden Grove Strawberry Festival website. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- Garden Grove Strawberry Festival- EVENTS Retrieved 2011-04-20
- "Turning Golden". Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- "Showing off fire hydrants painted to note the city’s 50th anniversary". Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Garden Grove city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Garden Grove (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau.
- "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0629000.html. Missing or empty
- City of Garden Grove CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "Communities of Interest - City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- "Communities of Interest - City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- City of Garden Grove CAFR
- "The Kids Aren't Alright by The Offspring". Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- "Retail religion". The Economist. April 9, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Garden Grove, California.|
- Official website
- The Garden Grove Journal
- International West - The City's 500-acre (2.0 km2) resort and tourist district
- City of Garden Grove Libraries