Garden Hill, Manitoba
Garden Hill is a First Nations community in the Canadian province of Manitoba. It is situated on Island Lake in the far northeast corner of the province. It is only accessible by winter ice roads via St. Theresa Point and air. Garden Hill has a population of approximately 3,776 residents. The residents of Garden Hill speak Oji-Cree, the traditional First Nations language, and English.
In the early 1900s, there were no chiefs, but there were leaders called "headmen". They earned their status by establishing a reputation for generosity, service, wisdom, spirituality, courage, diplomacy, dignity, loyalty and personal magnetism. These leaders achieved status by influence, not by possession of wealth, but by the distribution of it. The shared generosity because of beliefs, values, traditions, and customs required by this behavior. The chief with the longest time in the position was Henry Fiddler, who held the position of Chief for 22 years from 1931-1953.
Garden Hill was part of the bigger Island Lake Reserve. In 1969, Island Lake separated into four reserves: Garden Hill First Nation ( ), Red Sucker Lake First Nation, Wasagamack First Nation, and St. Theresa Point First Nation.
There are two schools in Garden Hill. The elementary school is named Kistiganwacheeng Elementary School and the secondary school is called Garden Hill First Nation High School. Garden Hill Student Services office is located in Winnipeg, the office handles post-secondary students that attend various institutions.
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