Garfield, Washington

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For the neighborhood, see Garfield Heights, Washington, D.C.
Not to be confused with Garfield County, Washington.
Garfield
Town
Garfield, Washington
Nickname(s): Jewel of the Palouse[citation needed]
Location of Garfield, Washington
Location of Garfield, Washington
Coordinates: 47°0′33″N 117°8′31″W / 47.00917°N 117.14194°W / 47.00917; -117.14194Coordinates: 47°0′33″N 117°8′31″W / 47.00917°N 117.14194°W / 47.00917; -117.14194
Country United States
State Washington
County Whitman
Area[1]
 • Total 0.88 sq mi (2.28 km2)
 • Land 0.88 sq mi (2.28 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,474 ft (754 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 597
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 596
 • Density 678.4/sq mi (261.9/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 99130
Area code 509
FIPS code 53-26140
GNIS feature ID 1505083[4]
Website Town of Garfield

Garfield is a city in Whitman County, Washington, United States. The population was 597 at the 2010 census, down from 641 in 2000.

History[edit]

Garfield was founded in the early 1880s by Samuel J. Tant, who named the town after James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States.[5]

Geography[edit]

Garfield is located at 47°0′33″N 117°8′31″W / 47.00917°N 117.14194°W / 47.00917; -117.14194 (47.009053, -117.141814).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.88 square miles (2.28 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 697
1910 932 33.7%
1920 776 −16.7%
1930 703 −9.4%
1940 674 −4.1%
1950 674 0.0%
1960 607 −9.9%
1970 610 0.5%
1980 599 −1.8%
1990 544 −9.2%
2000 641 17.8%
2010 597 −6.9%
Est. 2013 596 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 597 people, 279 households, and 164 families residing in the town. The population density was 678.4 inhabitants per square mile (261.9/km2). There were 311 housing units at an average density of 353.4 per square mile (136.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 279 households of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.71.

The median age in the town was 46.3 years. 20.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23% were from 25 to 44; 31.2% were from 45 to 64; and 20.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.1% male and 53.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 641 people, 256 households, and 174 families residing in the town. The population density was 953.8 people per square mile (369.4/km²). There were 288 housing units at an average density of 428.5 per square mile (166.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.50% White, 0.47% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.31% of the population.

There were 256 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the age distribution of the population shows 30.7% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,250, and the median income for a family was $41,923. Males had a median income of $32,917 versus $22,222 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,804. About 5.9% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

Popular culture[edit]

Garfield and Genesee, Idaho, were the filming locations for the rural scenes of the 1991 film Talent for the Game, starring Edward James Olmos.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-13. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 11, 2013. 

External links[edit]