Gargi Vachaknavi was an ancient Indian philosopher. In Vedic Literature, she is honored as one of the great natural philosophers. She is mentioned in the Sixth and the Eighth Brahmana of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, where the brahmayajna, a philosophic congress organized by King Janaka of Videha is described, she challenged the sage Yajnavalkya with perturbing questions on the atman (soul).
Gargi composed several hymns that questioned the origin of all existence. The Yoga Yajnavalkya, a classical text on Yoga is a dialogue between Gargi and sage Yajnavalkya. Gargi was one of the Navaratnas in the court of King Janaka of Mithila. She has composed several hymns and is an author of Gargi Samhita.
- "Gargi". Retrieved 2006-12-24.
- "Vedic Women: Loving, Learned, Lucky!". Retrieved 2006-12-24.
- Gargi - The Virgin Philosopher Swami Sivananda
- Great Women of India. Know India. Prabhat Prakashan. 2005. p. 15. ISBN 978-81-87100-34-8.
- Yogayajnavalkya Samhita - The Yoga Treatise of Yajnavalkya, by T. K. V. Desikachar and T. Krishnamacharya, Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram (2004), ISBN 81-87847-08-5.
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