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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Garhwa district.
Garhwa is located in Jharkhand
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 24°11′N 83°49′E / 24.18°N 83.82°E / 24.18; 83.82Coordinates: 24°11′N 83°49′E / 24.18°N 83.82°E / 24.18; 83.82
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Garhwa
Elevation 197 m (646 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 36,708
 • Official Hindi, Santali
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Garhwa is a city and a municipality in, and headquarters of, Garhwa district in the state of Jharkhand, India.


The erstwhile Garhwa Subdivision of Palamau district consisting of 8 Blocks was separated from Palamau district as an independent district “Garhwa” with effect from 1 April 1991.[1] It is situated on Southwest corner of Palamau division, which lies between 23060’and 24039’ N latitude and 83022’ and 84000’ E longitude. The district is surrounded by river Sone in the north; Palamau district and area of Chhattisgarh in the south; Palamau district in the east and Surguja district of Chhattisgarh and Sonebhadra district of U.P. in the west. Garhwa district is a part of Palamau Commissionery consisting of 14 blocks and two subdivisions namely Garhwa & Nagar-Untrai.


Garhwa is located at 24°11′N 83°49′E / 24.18°N 83.82°E / 24.18; 83.82.[2] It has an average elevation of 197 m (646 ft).

Nearest railway station is Garhwa Town, Indian Railway Code for Garhwa town is GHQ.[3] Another nearby railway station (around 10 km away) is Garwa Road, Indian Railway Code for Garhwa road is GHD.[4]


As of 2001 India census,[5] Garhwa had a population of 36,708. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Garhwa has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 69%, and female literacy is 51%. In Garhwa, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.


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