Garifuna music

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Garifuna music is a type of music found in Central America.

The two main garifuna genres are punta and paranda.[1]

Garifuna music and dance are closely related. The main traditional instruments were drums and maracas.[2]

An evolved form of traditional music, still usually played using traditional instruments, punta has seen some modernization and electrification in the 1970s; this is called punta rock. Artists like Pen Cayetano helped innovate modern punta rock by adding guitars to the traditional music, and paved the way for later artists such as Andy Palacio, Children of the Most High and Black Coral. Punta was popular across the region, especially in Belize, by the mid-1980s, culminating in the release of Punta Rockers in 1987, a compilation featuring many of the genre's biggest stars.[citation needed]

Chumba and hunguhungu are a circular dance in a three-beat rhythm, which is often combined with punta. There are other songs typical to each gender, women having eremwu eu and abaimajani, rhythmic a cappella songs, and laremuna wadaguman, men's work songs.[citation needed]

Drums play an important role in Garifuna music. The main drum is the Segunda (bass drum). The drums are normally made by hollowing out logs and stretching antelope skin over them.[2]

In 2001, Garifuna music, dance, and language was proclaimed as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.[3]


  1. ^ Michael Stone. "400 years of fury, 400 years of sound". Roots World. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Garifuna Music and Dance". National Garifuna Council of Belize. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Language, Dance and Music of the Garifuna". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 

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