Garlock Sealing Technologies
|Type||Subsidiary of EnPro Industries|
|Founded||Palmyra, New York, US (1923)|
|Founders||Olin J. Garlock|
|Headquarters||Palmyra, New York, US|
|Products||Gasketing, Klozure Dynamic Seals, Hydraulic Components, Expansion Joints, Compression Packing|
Garlock Sealing Technologies, a subsidiary of EnPro Industries, produces Klozure Dynamic Seals and other sealing products. Garlock has a global presence, with 1,887 employees, at 15 facilities, in eight countries.
In the later nineteenth century, Olin J. Garlock devised a better way to seal piston rods in industrial steam engines; this ingenuity led to the creation of Garlock Sealing Technologies. Founded in 1887, in Palmyra, New York, Garlock has become a leader in the fluid sealing industry and a cornerstone of the EnPro Industries family.
For a complete history of Garlock see "Garlock-The First Eighty-Eight Years 1887-1975" by R.M. Waples, Sr. and R.M. Waples, Jr.
Various industries utilize Garlock’s products because Garlock can accommodate most applications. These assorted product offerings allow Garlock to fulfil the needs of a diverse customer base.
Garlock provides fluid sealing solutions for the following industries: petrochemical, chemical processing, and refining, pulp and paper, power generation, electronics, steel mills, food and pharmaceutical, mining and original equipment manufacturers.
Proprietary and patented products
Some of Garlock's sealing products include KLOZURE oil seals, bearing isolators and mechanical seals; GYLON gasketing, CEFIL'AIR pneumatic seals and HELICOFLEX metal seals; sheet rubber products, valve and pump packing, hydraulic seals, molded rubber products, and expansion joints. Some of these products have US and International patent protection, including Australia.
Partnerships and recent news
- The Timken Company - A supply agreement that will increase global sales for Klozure oil seals and bearing isolators.
- Nippon Valqua - A strategic alliance, with Garlock enjoying exclusive sales rights for Nippon Valqua products in the Americas and Nippon Valqua having exclusive sales rights for Garlock products in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.
- In 2007, Garlock expanded by leasing over 65,000 square feet (6,000 m2) in Portwall Distribution Center II.
In the 1970s, then Garlock, Inc. infringed W. L. Gore and Associates patents and was sued by Gore in the Federal District Court of Ohio. After a "bitterly contested case" that "involved over two years of discovery, five weeks of trial, the testimony of 35 witnesses (19 live, 16 by deposition), and over 300 exhibits," (quoting the Federal Circuit) the District Court held Gore's patents to be invalid. On appeal, however, the Federal Circuit disagreed in the famous case of Gore v. Garlock, reversing the lower court's decision on the ground, inter alia, that Cropper forfeited any superior claim to the invention by virtue of having concealed the process for making ePTFE from the public, thereby establishing Gore as the legal inventor.
Garlock has been subject to multiple lawsuits regarding asbestos, which were components of earlier products. Now, Garlock produces only asbestos free products. Some of the notable suits include:
- Donald Reynolds, who worked at the Ashland Oil refinery in Tonawanda for more than 35 years, was diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma, an incurable lung disease, in 2003. Reynolds and his wife filed this personal injury action against 20 defendants, including Garlock Sealing Technologies LLC and Niagara Insulations, Inc., alleging that his disease was the result of workplace exposure to asbestos. By the time the trial was held in 2004, the only remaining defendants were Garlock, which provided the refinery with asbestos-containing pump gaskets and packing, and Niagara, which provided asbestos containing pipe insulation.
- Buddy Jones worked at Newport News Shipbuilding (now Northrop Grumman Newport News) for several years in the 1960s. After that he became a computer programmer in Richmond. In late 2004, he became ill and was first diagnosed with pneumonia. Later, there were tumors found in Jones' lungs. The Newport News Circuit Court verdict in Wanda Jones' wrongful death lawsuit against three companies that manufactured the materials used at Newport News Shipbuilding was handed down on July 26, 2006.
- Vaughn Oney was sometimes in contact with asbestos daily between 1963 and 1973. Mr. Oney retired in 1994 when he was in his early fifties and was in good health, but was diagnosed with mesothelioma in 2004. A verdict was awarded by a jury in State Circuit Court in Virginia in the amount of US$9.25 million for his death.
- Finally in a landmark decision in January 2014, a U.S. Bankruptcy Judge set Garlock’s liability for all present and future claims at $125 million, a fraction of the $1.4 billion plaintiff lawyers sought. Soon after the trial commencing on 22 July 2013, the judge ordered the courtroom closed to the public due to concerns about fraud. The decision considered over 4000 mesothelioma claimants who had sued Garlock prior to its bankruptcy filing, and also an unknown number of victims who will develop mesothelioma in the future.
- A case where Timothy Gray, a former employee of Garlock, alleged that he had been discriminated and that the Age Discrimination in Employment Act had been violated when he was not promoted was dismissed in 2007.
- Klozure High Performance Dynamic Seals
- "Garlock Sealing Technologies, LLC patents in Australia". IP Australia. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- Bloomberg News Release
- Real Estate Transactions Houston Chronicle
- Gore, supra. openjurist.org
- "Background Summaries and Attorney Contacts Week of May 29 - 31, 2007". State of New York Court of Appeals. Archived from Reynolds v Amchem Products, Inc. NY Court of Appeals the original] on 7 March 2008.
- "Jury Awards Shipyard Worker's Widow $10M". Washington Post. Associated Press. July 27, 2006. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Virginia Family Recovers $9.25 Million in Mesothelioma Claim - Fayetteville Personal Injury Lawyer
- Fisher, Daniel (10 January 2014). "Judge Slashes Asbestos Liability In Garlock Bankruptcy To $125 Million". Personal Finance. Forbes. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- Daneman, Matthew (22 July 2013). "Garlock Sealing asbestos trial begins today". Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- Kim, T.K. (26 July 2013). "Federal judge closes portion of Garlock bankruptcy trial". Legal Newsline Legal Journal. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- "ORDER ESTIMATING AGGREGATE LIABILITY". UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT, WESTERN DISTRICT OF NORTH CAROLINA. 10 January 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- "Gray v. Garlock Sealing Technologies". Find A Case. Retrieved October 6, 2012.