Beth Garmai, (Arabic: باجرمي Bājarmī, Persian/Kurdish: Garmakan, Classical Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܓܪܡܐ Bêṯ Garmē, Latin and Greek Garamaea) is a historical region around the city of Kirkuk in northern Iraq. It is located at southeast of the Little Zab, southwest of the mountains of Shahrazor, northeast of the Tigris and the Jabal Hamrin, although sometimes including parts of southwest of the Jabal Hamrin, and northwest of the Sirwan River.
The name "Beth Garmai" or "Beth Garme" may be of Syriac origin which meaning "the house of bones", which is thought to be a reference to bones of slaughtered Achaemenids after a decisive battle between Alexander the Great and Darius III on the plains between the Upper Zab and Diyala river. The area was historically used as Winter resort for the Kurdish shepherds.Beth Germai is derived from kurdish word (germa: hot) with Syriac word "Beth: home, land" which mean (the land of Heat).
The region was a prosperous metropolitan province centered at Karkha D'Beth Slokh (Kirkuk), It had a substantial Nestorian Assyrian population until the fourteenth century when the region was conquered by Timurlane.
- British Institute of Persian Studies. Iran: journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, Volume 20. 1982: The Institute. p. 14.
- "Garmai is the plural of Garma/Garmo meaning "bone"". Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Grant, Asahel (1841). Nestorians. Harper. p. 52.
- Wilmshurst, David (2000). The ecclesiastical organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913, Volume 582. Peeters Publishers. p. 185. ISBN 978-90-429-0876-5.